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8 Cards in this Set

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Addition of Amine to Carbonyl Group
"SE PI" (or "SEe PIe")

Secondary amine = Enamine
Primary amine = Imine
(Note: tertiary and quaternary amines do not react with the C=0 group)
Cis/trans (Geometric) Isomers
"Z: Zame Zide
E: Epposite"

Z for same side and E for opposite sides
Conformations
Gauche confirmation: It's "gauche" (inappropriate) for one methyl group to stand too close to another group.

Cyclohexane ring: When you have low energy, you sit down in a "CHAIR" to rest. "BOATS" can be tippy, so they are less stable.
Isomers
"SS - ED - CC"

Structural
Stereoisomers
Enantiomer
Diasteriomer

Isomers of sugar: If the second lowest - OH is on the Left, the molecule is L
If the -OH is on the RIght, it's D
Cis/trans
Conformaitonal
Meso Compounds
"MeSo compounds have a Mirror of Symmetry"

Thus, even though they may have stereogenic centers, they are achiral and so do not have enantiomers.
Meta-Directing Groups on a Benzene Ring
"Queen Elizabeth Second's Navy Commands, Controls, Communicates"

Q Quarternary amino -NR3+
E Ester -COOR
S Sulfonic acid -SO3H
N Nitro -NO2
C Carbonyl - CHO
C Carboxyl -COOH
C Cyano -CN
Ortho- and Para- Directing Groups on a Benzene Ring
"AHA AHA P"

A Alkyl -R
H Halogen -X
A Alkoxyl -OR

A Amino - NH2, -NHR, -NR2 (not -NR3+)
H Hydroxyl -OH
A Amide -NHCOR

P Phenyl - C6H5
Types of Reactions
"SEA MOuRNS CANned PEAs"
Substitution Electrophilic - Aromatic
Most Other Reactions - Nucleophilic Substitution
Carbonyl - Addition Nucleophilic
Pi bonds - Electrophilic Additon