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101 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Acetylcholine
a neurotransmitter
a chemical substance important to the transfer of an impulse across a synapse
Akinetic
no movement
no, not or without kinesis
analgesia
no pain
no, not, without alges/o
hypalgesia
diminished pain
-algia
pain
anencephaly
condition where the brain doesn't develop normally
-anestesia
a lack of normal sensation
aphasia
no, not or without speech
-esthesi/o
feeling or sensation
kines/o
movement
kinesis or kinetic
movement
-lepsy
seizure
-lex
word or phrase
hyperesthesia
unusually high sensitivity to pain
bradykinesia
slow movement
hyperkinesia
rapid movement
akinetic
no, not or without movement
neuralgia
nerve pain
cephalgia
headache
comat/o
deep sleep or coma
paresthesia
abnormal feeling such as burning, prickling, tingling or numbness
epilepsy
brain disorder causing seizures
narcolepsy
sleep disorder
Three types of CVA (cerebrovascular accidents)
Thrombotic (blood clot), embolic (disloged clot) and Hemorrhagic (burst blood vessel)
-paresis
slight paralysis or weakness
hemiparesis
slight paralysis or weakness that affects only one side of the body
-phasia
speech
cerebell/o
cerebellum
cerebellar
pertains to the cerebellum
cerebr/o
cerebrum
cerebrospinal fluid
fluid found in the brain and around the spinal cord
CSF
cerebrospinal fluid
cerebral cortex
sheets of nerve cells that line the cerebrum
dur/o
dura mater
subdural hematoma
hematoma under the dura mater
epidural hematoma
hematoma above the dura mater
intracerebral hematoma
hematoma within the brain
encephal/o
brain
encephalitis
inflammation of the brain
encephalopathy
diseased condition of the brain
gli/o
glue, parts of the nervous system that support or connect
glial cell
connective tissue of the nervous system
glioblastoma
malignant tumor
lept/o
thin, slender
leptomeningitis
meningitis of the arachnoid and pia mater
mening/o
meningi/o
membranes or meninges
meningeal
pertaining to the meninges
meningioma
a slow growing benign tumor in the meninges
meningomyelocele
causes spinal bifida, it is a failure of the neural tube to close
my/o
muscle
myoneural
muscle nerve
myelogram
process to view the spinal cord
poliomyelitis
a viral disease affecting the gray matter surrounding the spinal cord
polio
gray matter
neur/o
nerve
neuropathy
disease of the nerves
polyneuritis
inflammation of many nerves
pont/o
pons
cerebellopontine
pertains to the pons and the cerebellum
radicul/o
nerve root of the spinal nerves
radilopathy
disease of the spinal nerve root
radiculitis
inflammation of the spinal nerve root
thalam/o
thalamus
thalamic
pertaining to the thalamus
thec/o
sheath or meninges
intrathecal injection
injection into the sheath
vag/o
vagus nerve; the 10th cranial nerve
-plegia
paralysis
hemiplegia
paralysis that affects one side as a result of a brain injury
paraplegia
paralysis of the legs and lower part of the body
quadri
four
quadriplegia
paralysis that affects all 4 quadrents or total paralysis
-praxia
action or movements
apraxia
movements are not purposeful.
-sthenia
strength
neurasthenia
nervous exhaustion
syncop/o
to cut off or cut short
syncopal
to faint
tax/o
order or coordination
ataxia
without coordination
dura mater
the first layer of membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord
arachnoid membrane
the second layer of membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord
pia mater
the third layer of membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord
name the glial cells
astrocytes, microglia, oligodendroglia
purpose of astrocyte
transports water and salts. regulates what passes from the blood into the nerve cells and creates the BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER
purpose of the microglia cells
they are phagocytes that protect neurons from inflammation
the purpose of oligodendroglia cells
they form the myelin sheaths that protexs the axons of the CNS
purpose of the ependymal cell
they line the membranes within the brain and spinal cord and help to form the CSF
neuron
single nerve cell
dendrite
branching fibers of the neuron from which messages are sent
ganglia or ganglion
collections of nerve cells outside of the brain and spinal cord
axon
extends from the body of the nerve cell or neuron and are covered with the myelin sheath
myelin sheath
a fatty substance. It give a white appearance to the nerve fibers it covers.
neurilemma
covers the myelin sheath of peripheral nerves
acetylcholine, epinephrine, dopamine and serotonin are examples of
neurotransmitters
a SYNAPSE is?
the space that nerve impulses have to jump to another nerve. neurotransmitters make this possible
the parenchymal tissue of the nervous system is?
nerves and neurons
The stromal tissue of the nervous system is?
the glia: Astrocytes, Microglia, Oligodendrites
Folds in the cerebral cortex are called?
gyri
Gyri are separated by?
grooves called sulci
A plexus is?
A large network of nerves