Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/42

Click to flip

42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Who created linux?
Linus Torvalds
When was linux created?
1991
How is the licensing of linux handled?
Handled by Free Software Foundation. The details are defined in the GNU General Public License agreement.
What are the two user interfaces available?
The GUI called "Windows X" and the "shell" which is a text based command line interface.
What is the shell?
The part of the OS that interprets the text-based commands one enters. Many shells have been developed like Bourne, Bash, etc.
What are the two components of 'X'?
Client and server. The client manages the programs and the server manages the display. Often run on the same machine.
What is a desktop environment?
Specifies how the desktop looks and feels.
Who created linux?
Linus Torvalds
When was linux created?
1991
How is the licensing of linux handled?
Handled by Free Software Foundation. The details are defined in the GNU General Public License agreement.
What are the two user interfaces available?
The GUI called "Windows X" and the "shell" which is a text based command line interface.
What is the shell?
The part of the OS that interprets the text-based commands one enters. Many shells have been developed like Bourne, Bash, etc.
What are the two components of 'X'?
Client and server. The client manages the programs and the server manages the display. Often run on the same machine.
What is a desktop environment?
Specifies how the desktop looks and feels.
The two most common desktop environments
KDE (K Desktop Environment) and GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment)
What is linux?
A flexible compact, multitasking, multi-user environment
How did linux come to be?
Linus, a student at a university, developed it in efforts to create OS with better performance than Windows. Inspired by UNIX, to make a version that was compatible with PC's.
How is linux updated/enhanced?
Through users and makers alike. Linux was distributed to colleges as a development tool. When students began to enhance it, popularity grew. Now a days new versions come out rapidly and are ever growing.
What is open source code?
When the source code to a program is supplied free of charge and anyone can modify the code to create enhancements as long as they dont charge a fee to users
What are some commercial distributions of linux?
Redhat, Debian, Caldera, Walnut Creek, Mandrake, etc
What does the shell/command line do?
Interprets text based commands
What is linux (2)?
An operating system (what manages the computer hardware and software on a comp), a unix derivitive, developed for IBM PC compatibles, is open source & free!
What is Anaconda? How do you use it?
An installation program that searches for hardware currently attached to the computer (monitor, video card, mouse, keyboard, etc). The correct drivers for the computers hardware should be installed automatically.
What are the linux installation methods?
Bootable CD or DVD, Boot disc, HTTP Server, FTP Server, NFS Server, Hard disk, and kick starting (using a list of answers to previous installations)
The linux Mouse
It is traditionally a 3 button mouse. Most modern computers emulate with a two button mouse and access the third button by pressing down on the first two simultaneously
What are the options and preferences available to partition the disk?
You can choose the automatic partitioning or manually do it with Disk Druid like in class. With Disk Druid, you delete any pre-existing partitions and install three new ones (which are /swap, / and /boot)
Types of linux file systems
ext2 (older file system),ext3 (linux native file system, stabler than ext2, utilizes journaling to reduce time spent on recovering file systems after a crash),ext4 (newer native file system, some consider unstable), physical volume (LVM), software RAID, swap (for virtual memory), vfat (similar to windows FAT file system)
Swap partition
/swap Is used for virtual memory, like MS Windows pagefile. Should be no less than size of RAM, and preferably TWICE the RAM size.
Boot partition
/boot contains the computer kernel and all files used during the computer's boot/load time. Size recommended is 200mb.
Root partition
/ is the top of the directory structure and includes all files on the computer except those included in the boot partition
What is a mount point?
Its the location within the directory tree in which the partitions exist. They are defined as pathnames.
What is the boot loader?
The first software that runs when the computer starts. MBR is default location for bootloader.
Master Boot Record or MBR
MBR is default location for bootloader.
What's a second option for where to store your Boot Loader?
A secondary option for boot loader installation location is in the 11st sector of the boot partition.
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol... the server automatically assigns an IP address to clients rather than a static assignment
Custom Network Configuration in Class
In class, we used TCP/IP and DHCP. We set the hostname manually. Then, after install, we activated the Ehternet interface eth0 and chose DHCP for assignment of the IP address
What is the root user? The basic user acct?
The root user is the 'super user', with full admin privilege. The basic user acct is your personal acct, and the way you normally login through the GUI.
Root in Fedora 11 glitch
GUI login to root is disabled unless you edit a couple of underlying files
Packages Included
Desktop Environments, Applications, Development, Servers, Base System & Languages.
What is PackageKit?
A GUI utility for getting updates in Fedora 11 & adding and removing software
To turn off regular updates through the GUI...
go to System>Preferences>Software Updates>set both to NEVER.
To manually load updates through the Shell...
in the command line utility, type 'yum update'