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14 Cards in this Set

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midlife transition in which fertility declines; brings an end to reproductive capacity in women and diminshed fertility in men
climacteric
intellectual skills that depend on accumulated knowledge and experience, good judgement, and mastery of social conventions - abilities acquired because they are valued by the individual's culture
crystallized intelligence
intellectual skills that largely depend on basic information-processing skills -- ability to detect relationships among visual stimuli, speed of analyzing information, and capactiy of working memory; laregely influenced by conditions in the brain and by learning unique to the individual
fluid intelligence
a disease in which poor fluid drainage leads to a buildup of pressure within the eye, damaging the optic nerve; a leading cause of blindness among older adults
glaucoma
a set of three personal qualities - control, commitment, and challenge - that help people cope with stress adaptively; thereby reducing its impact on illness and mortality
hardiness
low daily doses of estrogen, aimed at reducing the discomforts of menopause and protecting women from other impairments due to estrogen loss, such as bone deterioration; comes in two types: estrogen alone, or estrogen replacement therapy (ERT), for women who have had hysterectomies (surgical removal of the uterus), and estrogen plus progesterone, or hormone replacement therapy (HRT), for other women
hormone therapy
a view that attributes age-related slowing of cognitive processing to greater loss of information as it moves through the system; as a result, the whole system must slow down to inspect and interpret the information
information-loss view
the end of menstruation and, therefore, reproductive capacity in women; occurs, on average, in the early fifties among North American, European, and East Asian women, although the agee range is large - from the late thirties to the late fifties
menopause
a view that attributes age-related slowing of cognitive processing to breaks in neural networks as neaurons die; the brain forms bypasses - new synaptic connections that go around the breaks but are less efficient
neural network view
a severe version of age-related bone loss; porous bones are easily fractured and when very extreme, lead to a slumped-over posture, a shuffling gait, and a "dowager's hump" in the upper back
osteoporosis
problem solving that requires people to size up real-world situations and analyze how best to achieve goals that have a high degree of uncertainty
practical problem solving
age-related hearing impairments that involve a sharp loss at high frequencies around age 50, which gradually extends to all frequencies
presbycusis
condition of aging in which, around the age of 60, the lens of the eye loses its capacity to accommodate entirely to nearby objects
presbyopia
a behavior pattern consisting of extreme competitiveness, ambition, impatience, hostility, angry outbursts, and a sense of time pressure
Type A behavior pattern