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228 Cards in this Set

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Alberto believes he can successfully ski down a steep mountain. Bandura would be most likely to say that Alberto has
high self-efficacy
A researcher is going to do a correlational study dealing with playing video games and intelligence. Because she is using this particular method, she will not be able to
determine whether one of these variables causes changes in the other.
Which is a problem encountered by researchers assessing the effects of sociocultural forces?
changing ethnic labels (e.g., black American to African American)
Who developed social cognitive theory?
Bandura
When Kayla says "It doesn't matter if they are French, Swedish, or Chinese, kids are kids," she is espousing a(n) ____ position concerning human development.
universal
What is the correct order of Piaget's stages of development?
sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational
Kohlberg's theory of moral development is different from Piaget's theory in that Kohlberg's theory
goes beyond Piaget's last stage.
The value of a(n) ____ can range from -1.0 to 1.0.
correlation coefficient
Psychodynamic theories place the least emphasis on the ____ portion of the biopsychosocial framework.
biological
How would Erik Erikson respond to the statement, "A midlife crisis is a normal part of the human life cycle".
He would agree.
Daisy and Rose are identical twins who were separated at birth. Daisy was raised in the United States whereas Rose spent her childhood in Austria. Which force would likely explain most of the differences between their behavior as teens?
sociocultural
Jackson's knowledge of economics has grown over the years, while at the same time his ability to play hockey has deteriorated. Jackson's experience best exemplifies
multidirectionality.
Morticia finds that whenever she talks to her daughter about her obnoxious behavior, the obnoxious behavior increases in frequency. Apparently, Morticia's talks are ____ her daughter's obnoxious behavior.
reinforcing
Which best exemplifies the basic premise of life-cycle forces?
Early experiences may influence behavior throughout one's development.
Michael studies developmental differences in extroversion by testing 9-, 19-, 39-, and 59-year-old subjects all at the same time. Michael is performing a(n) ____ study.
cross-sectional
Harvey is interested in doing a study to determine whether or not a statistically significant relationship exists between participating in college athletics and self-efficacy for academic work. Because Harvey is not particularly interested in determining a cause-and- effect relationship, he would be best advised to do a(n) ____ study.
correlational
Professor Linwood always makes a point of learning the names of all the students in her class. She used to always be able to do this in her head but has recently found that she needs note cards to help her remember. This change in behavior is best described as
compensation
Dr. Arantes uses a biopsychosocial framework for understanding human development. Which position is she most likely to endorse on the nature vs. nurture issue?
Nature and nurture both play important roles in human development
Yacef is interested in determining whether children develop virtually the same way in Algeria as they do in other parts of the world. Yacef's research deals primarily with the ____ issue of human development.
universal vs. context-specific development
Shuntelle is interested in studying the relationship between self-esteem and school grades. She wants to be able to quantify this relationship but wants to avoid any ethical concerns regarding the manipulation of these variables. What sort of method is the best option for Shuntelle?
correlational
A ____ is an organized set of ideas that is designed to explain development.
theory
Which theorist is best associated with an ecological approach to human development?
Urie Bronfenbrenner
Since Dr. Kim takes a strong nature position concerning the origins of mental retardation, she would most likely hypothesize that her son's retardation is due to
her genes
When Dr. Bentley is asked to explain troubled adolescents, she says, "The only way to explain the problems of adolescents is to study them in relation to their parents and the culture that surrounds them." Dr. Bentley is most likely a proponent of ____ theory.
ecological
Zhang is attempting to alter the behavior of his son by controlling the consequences of his son's actions. Zhang is practicing
operant conditioning.
Which researcher is most likely doing a cross-sectional study?
Jim, who is studying several different-aged groups at the same time
Who would most likely explain a child's maladaptive behavior by saying, "They probably saw some TV character do that"?
Gilligan, who is a social learning theorist
Dr. Mitchell is very interested in how individual participants' behavior changes over time. If she wants to study this, she'll have to do a(n) ____ study.
longitudinal
Which researcher is most likely doing a cross-sectional study?
Jim, who is studying several different-aged groups at the same time
A researcher is going to do a correlational study dealing with playing video games and intelligence. Because she is using this particular method, she will not be able to
determine whether one of these variables causes changes in the other.
Who would most likely explain a child's maladaptive behavior by saying, "They probably saw some TV character do that"?
Gilligan, who is a social learning theorist
Kohlberg's theory of moral development is different from Piaget's theory in that Kohlberg's theory
goes beyond Piaget's last stage.
Dr. Mitchell is very interested in how individual participants' behavior changes over time. If she wants to study this, she'll have to do a(n) ____ study.
longitudinal
Professor Linwood always makes a point of learning the names of all the students in her class. She used to always be able to do this in her head but has recently found that she needs note cards to help her remember. This change in behavior is best described as
compensation
A researcher is going to do a correlational study dealing with playing video games and intelligence. Because she is using this particular method, she will not be able to
determine whether one of these variables causes changes in the other.
If Hamid wants to do one study to determine whether or not playing violent video games causes children to act more aggressively, he would be best served by doing a(n)
experiment
Kohlberg's theory of moral development is different from Piaget's theory in that Kohlberg's theory
goes beyond Piaget's last stage.
Shuntelle is interested in studying the relationship between self-esteem and school grades. She wants to be able to quantify this relationship but wants to avoid any ethical concerns regarding the manipulation of these variables. What sort of method is the best option for Shuntelle?
correlational
Professor Linwood always makes a point of learning the names of all the students in her class. She used to always be able to do this in her head but has recently found that she needs note cards to help her remember. This change in behavior is best described as
compensation
Population is to sample as
set is to subset.
If Hamid wants to do one study to determine whether or not playing violent video games causes children to act more aggressively, he would be best served by doing a(n)
experiment
Social cognitive theory and operant conditioning are similar in that they both
believe that experience is important in determining behavior.
Shuntelle is interested in studying the relationship between self-esteem and school grades. She wants to be able to quantify this relationship but wants to avoid any ethical concerns regarding the manipulation of these variables. What sort of method is the best option for Shuntelle?
correlational
Population is to sample as
set is to subset.
Social cognitive theory and operant conditioning are similar in that they both
believe that experience is important in determining behavior.
Which best describes the relationship between biological, psychological, and sociocultural forces in human development?
interactive
Which best describes the relationship between biological, psychological, and sociocultural forces in human development?
interactive
Which research finding supports the idea that a new intelligence test is valid?
Scores on the new intelligence test are correlated with scores on another intelligence test.
Which research finding supports the idea that a new intelligence test is valid?
Scores on the new intelligence test are correlated with scores on another intelligence test.
Which theorist does not fit with the others?
Skinner
Which theorist does not fit with the others?
Skinner
Dr. Jackson is studying sibling rivalry. One of his current subjects is Latoya. Latoya, and other age peers, have been assessed every 5 years since 1970. Another of Dr. Jackson's subjects is Michael. Michael is part of a second group that has been assessed every 5 years since 1985. Dr. Jackson's overall research design is best classified as
longitudinal.
Dr. Jackson is studying sibling rivalry. One of his current subjects is Latoya. Latoya, and other age peers, have been assessed every 5 years since 1970. Another of Dr. Jackson's subjects is Michael. Michael is part of a second group that has been assessed every 5 years since 1985. Dr. Jackson's overall research design is best classified as
longitudinal.
Melissa is doing a study where volleyball players are self- reporting whether or not they believe they are capable of playing well in Saturday's game. Melissa seems to be assessing the ____ of the volleyball players.
self-efficacy
Melissa is doing a study where volleyball players are self- reporting whether or not they believe they are capable of playing well in Saturday's game. Melissa seems to be assessing the ____ of the volleyball players.
self-efficacy
Zhang is attempting to alter the behavior of his son by controlling the consequences of his son's actions. Zhang is practicing
operant conditioning.
Zhang is attempting to alter the behavior of his son by controlling the consequences of his son's actions. Zhang is practicing
operant conditioning.
Mick's biggest challenge in life is to think of his life as satisfactory and that it is worth living. According to psychosocial theory, Mick is probably in the ____ stage of life.
late life
Mick's biggest challenge in life is to think of his life as satisfactory and that it is worth living. According to psychosocial theory, Mick is probably in the ____ stage of life.
late life
As a result of reading several research articles on the long-term effects of day care, a state legislature passes a new law mandating that all day care providers modify their practices to be in concordance with this research. This action reflects
how research can affect social policy
As a result of reading several research articles on the long-term effects of day care, a state legislature passes a new law mandating that all day care providers modify their practices to be in concordance with this research. This action reflects
how research can affect social policy
Yacef is interested in determining whether children develop virtually the same way in Algeria as they do in other parts of the world. Yacef's research deals primarily with the ____ issue of human development.
universal vs. context-specific development
Yacef is interested in determining whether children develop virtually the same way in Algeria as they do in other parts of the world. Yacef's research deals primarily with the ____ issue of human development.
universal vs. context-specific development
Who would be most likely to make the statement, "Life is about consequences!"?
Judy, who is a behaviorist
Who would be most likely to make the statement, "Life is about consequences!"?
Judy, who is a behaviorist
The epigenetic principle is a key component of ____ theory.
psychosocial
Orlaith is interested in studying the impact of growing up during the Great Depression on the saving and spending habits of individuals. Orlaith's perspective is best described as a ____ perspective.
life-course
During childbirth, who would most likely and most properly be referred to as a "doula"?
the birthing coach
A woman who consumes alcohol ____ has the greatest risk of giving birth to a baby with fetal alcohol syndrome.
moderately and consistently
The ____ is the cluster of cells in the center of the zygote that will eventually develop into the body.
germ disc
Which best exemplifies the concept of genetic incomplete dominance?
an individual with one allele for obesity and another for thinness who is of average weight
A teratogen is any agent that
increases the likelihood of abnormal prenatal development.
A woman who consumes alcohol ____ has the greatest risk of giving birth to a baby with fetal alcohol syndrome.
moderately and consistently
Postpartum depression
may be reduced via breast-feeding.
The ____ is the cluster of cells in the center of the zygote that will eventually develop into the body.
germ disc
Following a prenatal exam, your physician remarks, "It appears as if your fetus has 47 chromosomes." What would be the most likely response to this information?
concern, as this may indicate that your child has Down syndrome
Which best exemplifies the concept of genetic incomplete dominance?
an individual with one allele for obesity and another for thinness who is of average weight
Which results would not support the idea that genes play a significant role in behavior?
finding dizygotic twins to be more similar than monozygotic twins
A teratogen is any agent that
increases the likelihood of abnormal prenatal development.
Both AIDS and genital herpes
can be passed along to an infant as they pass through the birth canal.
Postpartum depression
may be reduced via breast-feeding.
Nonshared environmental influences involve forces that make siblings
different from one another.
Following a prenatal exam, your physician remarks, "It appears as if your fetus has 47 chromosomes." What would be the most likely response to this information?
concern, as this may indicate that your child has Down syndrome
Because of his accurate knowledge of genetics and disorders, Benson knows that his newborn son has no chance of having
Turner's syndrome.
Which results would not support the idea that genes play a significant role in behavior?
finding dizygotic twins to be more similar than monozygotic twins
Both AIDS and genital herpes
can be passed along to an infant as they pass through the birth canal.
Nonshared environmental influences involve forces that make siblings
different from one another.
Because of his accurate knowledge of genetics and disorders, Benson knows that his newborn son has no chance of having
Turner's syndrome.
Bryant's teachers notice that Bryant has unusual facial features (i.e., short nose and wide-set eyes) and shows signs of mental retardation. Due to her training in developmental psychology, Bryant's teacher realizes that Bryant's mom likely ____ while she was pregnant.
consumed alcohol
The average child has approximately ____ genes.
30,000
The threadlike structures in the nucleus of a cell that contain genetic material are called
chromosomes.
Low birth weight can most effectively be prevented through
regular prenatal care
The Clifton et al. (1991) study in which experimenters shook rattles in the dark was important because it provided evidence that infants could use their hearing to estimate
depth
Caleb is 4 months old. If he is like others his age, when he grasps a rattle, he will grasp it with
his fingers only.
By the age of ____, young humans are able to perceive different-pitched noises about as well as adults.
6 months
How people organize and make sense out of sensory information they receive is called
perception
Dr. Acuity is studying the sensing of color by researching the structure and development of cones. Where does she need to look to find these structures?
the retina of the eye
Synaptic pruning refers to
the downsizing of neuronal connections.
Who is at greatest risk of falling victim to sudden infant death syndrome?
Tina, who is 3 months old
What evidence do researchers have that young infants use sound to locate objects?
When they hear a sound, they attempt to look toward the source.
Parker is a typical seven-month-old. In terms of locomotion, the best he is able to do is to
sit alone.
Who is at greatest risk of falling victim to sudden infant death syndrome?
Tina, who is 3 months old
Lori discovers her son Benji sleepwalking. What should she do?
Awaken Benji and put him back to bed.
What evidence do researchers have that young infants use sound to locate objects?
When they hear a sound, they attempt to look toward the source.
Which child is most likely to be the tallest?
Kara, who has a tall mother and a tall father
Parker is a typical seven-month-old. In terms of locomotion, the best he is able to do is to
sit alone.
About how old will an infant be when it will be able to perceive the same colors adults perceive?
4 months old
Lori discovers her son Benji sleepwalking. What should she do?
Awaken Benji and put him back to bed.
Which child's visual acuity would have most recently matched that of a "20/20" visioned adult?
Stephanie, who is 1 year old
Which child is most likely to be the tallest?
Kara, who has a tall mother and a tall father
About how old will an infant be when it will be able to perceive the same colors adults perceive?
4 months old
Carla is researching temperament by determining how often different babies exhibit irritability and anger. Which dimension of temperament is Carla assessing?
negative affect
Which child's visual acuity would have most recently matched that of a "20/20" visioned adult?
Stephanie, who is 1 year old
After a 1-year checkup, your physician comments, "There has been virtually no development of the cones in your daughter's visual system." What impact would this have?
Your daughter would have difficulty distinguishing colors.
Carla is researching temperament by determining how often different babies exhibit irritability and anger. Which dimension of temperament is Carla assessing?
negative affect
Along with an improved diet, research indicates that ____ is also necessary to foster a malnourished child's development.
parent training
After a 1-year checkup, your physician comments, "There has been virtually no development of the cones in your daughter's visual system." What impact would this have?
Your daughter would have difficulty distinguishing colors.
Along with an improved diet, research indicates that ____ is also necessary to foster a malnourished child's development.
parent training
Jeffrey is a three-year-old who is beginning to make connections between people's thoughts, intentions, and behaviors. According to Wellman (1992), Jeffrey is developing
a theory of mind.
Evan is a normal subject in a self-awareness study who has just begun to recognize himself in mirrors and pictures. It is most likely that Evan is about ____ old.
18 months
One of the valuable functions of smell and taste is that they enable newborns to
recognize their mothers.
What part of a neuron contains the material necessary to keep it alive?
cell body
Jeffrey is a three-year-old who is beginning to make connections between people's thoughts, intentions, and behaviors. According to Wellman (1992), Jeffrey is developing
a theory of mind.
Which route most accurately depicts the flow of information from one neuron to another?
axon (Neuron 1) to dendrite (Neuron 2) to cell body (Neuron 2)
Evan is a normal subject in a self-awareness study who has just begun to recognize himself in mirrors and pictures. It is most likely that Evan is about ____ old.
18 months
One of the valuable functions of smell and taste is that they enable newborns to
recognize their mothers.
Sixteen-year-old Marshall was severely malnourished as an infant. Compared to his peers who were not malnourished as infants, Marshall is most likely to
be less intelligent.
Even though he is only 20 days old, Cherokee appears to be very shy around other people. How would a theorist use the concept of temperament to explain his behavior?
A temperament theorist would argue that Cherokee is high in inhibition.
What part of a neuron contains the material necessary to keep it alive?
cell body
Lori discovers her son Benji sleepwalking. What should she do?
Awaken Benji and put him back to bed.
Which route most accurately depicts the flow of information from one neuron to another?
axon (Neuron 1) to dendrite (Neuron 2) to cell body (Neuron 2)
If a baby is breast-fed, it is more likely to
transition to solid food more easily.
Sixteen-year-old Marshall was severely malnourished as an infant. Compared to his peers who were not malnourished as infants, Marshall is most likely to
be less intelligent.
Dylan's mother is trying to teach him how to catch a ball. As the ball approaches Dylan, the ball takes up more and more space on Dylan's retinas. Dylan perceives the change in size to mean that the ball is getting closer to him rather than perceiving it to mean the ball is getting larger. Which term does the best job of describing this phenomenon?
visual expansion
Even though he is only 20 days old, Cherokee appears to be very shy around other people. How would a theorist use the concept of temperament to explain his behavior?
A temperament theorist would argue that Cherokee is high in inhibition.
Lori discovers her son Benji sleepwalking. What should she do?
Awaken Benji and put him back to bed.
If a baby is breast-fed, it is more likely to
transition to solid food more easily.
Dylan's mother is trying to teach him how to catch a ball. As the ball approaches Dylan, the ball takes up more and more space on Dylan's retinas. Dylan perceives the change in size to mean that the ball is getting closer to him rather than perceiving it to mean the ball is getting larger. Which term does the best job of describing this phenomenon?
visual expansion
Carla is researching temperament by determining how often different babies exhibit irritability and anger. Which dimension of temperament is Carla assessing?
negative affect
Axel notices his 3-month-old daughter, Rose, looking at a large photograph of a human face and asks, "I wonder what part of the picture she looked at first." Chances are that the first thing Rose looked at was the
eyes.
How would you respond to a telephone operator who claims that her 8-month-old fetus gets excited every time she says, "What city please?"
"You may be correct since by that age the fetus may actually be hearing your voice."
Who is most likely to be afraid of heights?
Patricia, who is 7 months old
Five-month-old Hakeem currently weighs 20 pounds. How many calories should he be ingesting each day?
1000
Chatava is studying how infants learn to move around. In other words, Chatava is studying
locomotion
Blain deals with people who have suffered some sort of brain damage, helping them try to use different areas of the brain that perform functions that were previously performed by the areas that are now damaged. Blain's specialty would be best described as
neuroplasticity.
Parker is a typical seven-month-old. In terms of locomotion, the best he is able to do is to
sit alone.
At about the age of four, children begin to realize that a person's actions are often connected to the thoughts that they have. What kind of study is often used to determine when children grasp this concept?
false-belief studies
If you were to remove the top of an adult's skull, the first brain tissue you would see would be the
cerebral cortex.
Molly is buying little stuffed bears for her soon-to-be-born child's nursery. She is very concerned about having different colors that the baby will be able to differentiate the first day the baby arrives. Thus, Molly is attempting to stimulate her child's
cones
Whose brain is most likely to have the most synapses?
Elaine, who is one year old.
Which 1-year-old would not be able to utilize retinal disparity to perceive depth?
Larry, who was born blind in 1 eye
Tomomi has mastered balancing, stepping, and the perceptual skills necessary to negotiate her way around. Putting all these skills together to enable her to walk is a process called
integration
For healthy pregnant women,
home and hospital delivery carry the same birth defect risk.
What should Danko do when he is informed that his newborn son has PKU (phenylketonuria)?
don't panic, since despite being a genetic disorder, it can be controlled through proper diet (avoiding certain foods)
The fact that the embryonic head develops before the body illustrates the ____ principle.
cephalocaudal
The uniting of the egg and sperm (conception) typically takes place in the
fallopian tube.
Genes and environments
interact dynamically throughout development.
The period of the zygote begins with
fertilization
Homozygous is to heterozygous as
same is to different.
Whose behavior best exemplifies eugenics?
Dr. Black, who allows only certain individuals to mate in an effort to build a master race
The best summary of the impact of cocaine use by pregnant moms is that
the negative impact on infant development may be the result of common concurrent conditions (e.g., alcohol use, poor parenting).
During her pregnancy Toni develops high blood pressure and experiences severe swelling of her extremities. Toni would most accurately be diagnosed with
preeclampsia.
Which statement concerning teratogens is false?
Their effects are the same regardless of the time when the individual is exposed.
Dr. Smith has found that a certain genotype for depression may result in a wide variety of phenotypes, depending on environmental factors. In other words, this genotype
has a large reaction range.
When looking through a microscope at an entire set of human male chromosomes, how would you be able to differentiate an autosome pair from a sex chromosome pair?
The shape of the sex chromosomes would differ, whereas each autosome pair would look identical.
John and Wayne have the same genes. This indicates that they must be
monozygotic twins.
The sample taken during an amniocentesis comes from
fluid surrounding the fetus.
How many of the following (aspirin, nicotine, cocaine, caffeine) are potential teratogens?
4
Kyoko is 5 feet, 11 inches tall, plays tennis, and is an all-around nice person. This is a description of Kyoko's
phenotype
The developing human organism that has just become completely embedded in the wall of the uterus is called the
embryo.
Which prenatal assessment technique requires the culturing of skin cells acquired from a fluid sample?
amniocentesis
Research on prenatal exposure to video display terminals (VDTs) has indicated that
VDTs can safely be used by pregnant women.
Jack and Jill are twins. Because he is a boy, Jack's dad and mom encourage him to run. On the other hand, Jack's mom and dad discourage Jill from engaging in athletic activity. As a result, Jack is much faster at running up a hill than Jill. The difference in Jack and Jill's behavior is best explained by
nonshared environmental influences.
Genes provide the cell with a specific set of ____ instructions.
biochemical
____ is/are a fatty substance that surrounds a neuron and allows it to transmit information more rapidly.
Myelin
If Hamid wants to do one study to determine whether or not playing violent video games causes children to act more aggressively, he would be best served by doing a(n)
experiment
Maria is a typical, healthy one-year-old who weighs 24 pounds. Which is the best estimate of her birth weight?
8 pounds
Yoko, who has not seen her nephew John since he was born, is surprised to see the 12-month-old standing upright and taking a few steps. In view of this accomplishment, Yoko realizes that John is now considered a(n)
toddler.
The period of the ____ lasts for approximately 2 weeks.
zygote
Dr. Arantes uses a biopsychosocial framework for understanding human development. Which position is she most likely to endorse on the nature vs. nurture issue?
Nature and nurture both play important roles in human development.
Ectoderm is to endoderm as
outer is to inner.
Which physical characteristic is most indicative of an individual with Down syndrome?
fold of skin over the eyelid
What is an example of intersensory redundancy?
observing your mother while listening to her talk
Monozygotic is to dizygotic as
one egg is to two eggs.
Which best describes the relationship between biological, psychological, and sociocultural forces in human development?
interactive
Of all the behavioral states, newborns spend the most time each day in the ____ state.
sleeping
Yacef is interested in determining whether children develop virtually the same way in Algeria as they do in other parts of the world. Yacef's research deals primarily with the ____ issue of human development.
universal vs. context-specific development
By the time Debbie got to the hospital to deliver her child, the child had entered the vagina opening. This means that Debbie was in the ____ stage of labor.
second
Newborn Nate is hungry. If he is typical of most newborns, Nate will exhibit ____ in order to communicate this hunger.
basic crying
Newborn Nate is hungry. If he is typical of most newborns, Nate will exhibit ____ in order to communicate this hunger.
basic crying
Pain cries can usually be differentiated from basic or mad cries by their
sudden onset
Pain cries can usually be differentiated from basic or mad cries by their
sudden onset
A C-section is best thought of as
the surgical removal of a fetus
A C-section is best thought of as
the surgical removal of a fetus
The epigenetic principle is a key component of ____ theory.
psychosocial
The epigenetic principle is a key component of ____ theory.
psychosocial
____ are chemicals that transmit information from one neuron to another.
Neurotransmitters
____ are chemicals that transmit information from one neuron to another.
Neurotransmitters
Malnutrition seems to be most damaging if it occurs during
infancy
Malnutrition seems to be most damaging if it occurs during
infancy
As there is a history of hereditary disease in the families of Archie and Veronica, they have arranged a meeting with a specialist at which a family tree concerning the odds of them having a child with a birth defect will be constructed. This event would most accurately be described as
genetic counseling
As there is a history of hereditary disease in the families of Archie and Veronica, they have arranged a meeting with a specialist at which a family tree concerning the odds of them having a child with a birth defect will be constructed. This event would most accurately be described as
genetic counseling
Psychodynamic theories place the least emphasis on the ____ portion of the biopsychosocial framework.
biological
Psychodynamic theories place the least emphasis on the ____ portion of the biopsychosocial framework.
biological
Halley is 40 years old and her daughter Berry, 20, are both currently pregnant. Which statement concerning these two mothers is most accurate?
Halley has a greater risk of having a miscarriage.
Halley is 40 years old and her daughter Berry, 20, are both currently pregnant. Which statement concerning these two mothers is most accurate?
Halley has a greater risk of having a miscarriage.
Dr. Quillan is measuring the point at which an infant can no longer differentiate between a striped-patterned stimulus and a gray square. Dr. Quillan is probably attempting to measure the infant's
visual acuity.
Dr. Quillan is measuring the point at which an infant can no longer differentiate between a striped-patterned stimulus and a gray square. Dr. Quillan is probably attempting to measure the infant's
visual acuity.
Physicians are currently able to correct spina bifida at around seven to eight months after birth using
fetal surgery.
Night terrors are different from nightmares in that night terrors
are less likely to be remembered by the child
Which most accurately reflects the nature of the scientific study of human development?
multidisciplinary
Two-month-old Joanne is lying quietly with her eyes wide open and appears very interested in a toy dangling in front of her face. Joanne is exhibiting
alert inactivity.
Which word is the best description of the meaning of the term "reliability"?
consistency
If Andrew is shy when he is 2 years old, he is more likely to be ____ when he is 4 years old.
shy
The point at which a zygote burrows into the uterine wall is referred to as
implantation
Harvey is interested in doing a study to determine whether or not a statistically significant relationship exists between participating in college athletics and self-efficacy for academic work. Because Harvey is not particularly interested in determining a cause-and- effect relationship, he would be best advised to do a(n) ____ study.
correlational
Michael studies developmental differences in extroversion by testing 9-, 19-, 39-, and 59-year-old subjects all at the same time. Michael is performing a(n) ____ study.
cross-sectional
After studying his history, Nico is excused from having to wash the dishes, a task he detests. Nico's parents are attempting to use ____ to increase Nico's studying.
negative reinforcement
By definition, premature infants are born prior to ____ weeks after conception.
36
Dr. Ramone is interested in studying how babies are different in terms of their behavior toward other people, how energetic they are, and how easily they are upset. It is most likely that Dr. Ramone is studying
temperament
Which term does not belong in this group?
hereditary
Kohlberg's theory of moral development is different from Piaget's theory in that Kohlberg's theory
goes beyond Piaget's last stage
By definition, premature infants are born prior to ____ weeks after conception.
36
Benji is a 4-year-old who has a very difficult time falling asleep at night. According to your text, what would the best remedy be for this problem?
Develop a regular bedtime routine
Dr. Ramone is interested in studying how babies are different in terms of their behavior toward other people, how energetic they are, and how easily they are upset. It is most likely that Dr. Ramone is studying
temperament
Which term does not belong in this group?
hereditary
Kohlberg's theory of moral development is different from Piaget's theory in that Kohlberg's theory
goes beyond Piaget's last stage
Benji is a 4-year-old who has a very difficult time falling asleep at night. According to your text, what would the best remedy be for this problem?
Develop a regular bedtime routine