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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Proposed the concept of the sociological imagination.
C. Wright Mills
Coined the term sociology
Auguste Comte
One of the first sociologist to analyze the customs and lifestyles of nineteenth-century America in a comprehensive, comparative, and objective manner.
Harriet Martineau
An early sociologist who developed many of the standard concepts in the discipline and was a strong advocate of social Darwinism
Herbert Spenser
Pioneered the conflict theory. Focused on societal forces that produced inequalities, particulary in capitalist societies, which he predicted would eventually be polarized into workers and owners.
Karl Marx
Produced the first empirical sociological study in which he explained how such individual acts as suicide could be explained by understanding a social integration and social forces.
Emile Durkheim
Explained how a belief system such as religion could provide an understanding of how new economic systems and institutions could develop. Also pioneered the study of bureaucracy.
Max Weber
Early Critic of American racial practices. Challenged racist academic theories proposing inferiority of African Americans. Argued that whites, since they held power, had responsibility to promote equality.
W.E.B. Dubois
A MAJOR FORCE IN SOCIOLOGY WHO ADVOCATED A VALUE-FREE APPROACH TO FUNTIONALIST SOCIOLOGY
Talcott Parsons
A Theorist who developed the concept of manifest and latent function
Robert Merton
Pioneered the symbolic interaction perspective
George Herbert Mead
Coined the term ethnomethodology as an approach to the sociological study of everyday life.
Harold Gafinkel
Founded Hull House which became a settlement center for immigrant coming to Chicago in the late 19th Century.
Jane Addams
Suicide resulting from a very high level of group identity and overinvolvement with others.
Altruistic suicide
Suicide resulting from low group solidarity and underinvolvement with others
Egoistic suicide
Suicide resulting from a sense of feeling disconnected from society's values
Anomic Sucide