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37 Cards in this Set

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The idea that economics is the most important of the social institutions and all other social and political arrangements are based on the economic system
Economic Determinism
The statement that Sociology should be value free means that sociologists should be concerned with...
What IS rather than what OUGHT to be
Sociology is defined in your text as the systematic study of...
Human social interaction
What feature has not been an important characteristic of sociology in the US?
A radical approach
What major theoretical perspective is most concerned with how social organization is maintained?
The structural-functional theory
According to conflict theory, conflict between competing interests results in...
Social change
Macrosociology is NOT associated with which of the following?
Symbolic interaction theory
Your text concludes that the best theoretical perspective to use in studying human social interaction...
Depends on what you're studying
The exact procedures we use to describe how a variable is to be measured is called...
Operational definitions
In a controlled experiment, there are a minimum of 2 groups. The group that does NOT recieve the independent variable is called the...
Control group
The tendency for people to color the truth so that they appear nicer, richer, and better than they really are is called...
Social desirability bias
Repeating the same study with another investigator or a different sample is known as..
Replication
Which of the following concepts refers to the total way of life shared by members of a society?
Culture
Refrigerators, ovens, coffee pots, and stereos are all examples of what sociologists call...
Material culture
Biological explanations are most likely to be given for behavioral patterns that are...
Universal
Which of the following terms is used for shared ideas about desirable goals in a culture, such as good health, stability, and security?
Values
Norms that are simply the customary, normal, habitual ways a group does things are known as...
Folkways
Norms or rules that are officially enforced and sanctioned by society are called...
Laws
Some of the most effective sanctions are...
Informal sanctions
Groups that share in the overall culture of society but maintain their own distinctive values, norms, and life-styles are called..
Subcultures
Groups that have values, interests, beliefs, and life-styles that are opposed to those of the larger society are called...
Countercultures
The gap between how people actually behave and normative behavior is called...
Deviance
The concept of the US as a salad bowl rather than a melting pot fits best with the concept of...
Multiculturalism
Which of the following is NOT included in your text as a major factor in cultural variation?
Political structures
A culture's ideas about its own past are called...
Collective memories
This is the expected behavior of someone who occupies a specific position in society
Role
These are characteristics that vary across individuals or groups
Variables
This approach is more interested in how culture shapes individuals rather than how economies shape culture
Structural-Functional Approach
The process through which culture is spread around the world
Globalization
The process of learning and accepting the values and social practices of the dominant group and surrounding society
Acculturation
Refers to the feelings of isolation and strangeness that accompany exposure to a different culture
Culture shock
The research technique most commonly used in sociological research is...
Survey Research
The belief that the social world can be studied with the same scientific accuracy and assurance as the natural world
Positivism
A social science researcher cannot expose subjects to an independent variable that might harm them. This limits the usefulness of a research method called the...
Controlled experiment
This means that each cultural trait should be evaluated in the context of its own culture
Cultural Relativism
Norms for which strong ideas of right and wrong are developed
Mores
The process by which aspects of one culture or subculture enter and are incorporated into another
Cultural Diffusion