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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
factors in socialization that create individuality and uniqueness
-socailization is niether smooth or uniform
-nonconformity is taught as a value
-individuals have unique capabilities
Total institutions
isolation and rigid manipulation of inmates
Conflict theory
def'n of deviance perpetuates the dominance of teh elites over less powerful/powerless
-rule making/breaking
-favor rich/powerful
front stage behavior
behavior with strangers or casual friends
Cultural relativity of deviance
act, belief or norm that needs to be interpreted with in the frame work of the social norm/setting in which it occurs
process which a persons personality and self image are altered
Good things about bad/deviant behavior
-affirms and clarifies norm
-makes conformity appealing
-promotes social unit
-encourages social change
Back stage behavior
behavior with personal or intimate people, true feelings
socialogical explanations of deviance
-strain theory (R.Metron)
-conflict theory
Looking Glass Self
(Charles Horton Cooley)
-we act towards others and others react to our actions
-we see ourselfs mirrored in the reactions of others
-we make judgements about validity of others reactions
Strain theory
(Robert Metron)
experience of strain can lead to anomie
Goals for Impression management
get rid of someone
a socail state dominated by normalness,prevents control
-when restraints on what people can do
-developes when society teaches people to wnat things but fail to provide oppertunities to get those things
Components of Norms
-WHAT to do
-HOW to do it
-DEGREE, how far
-FREQUENCY, how often
-SITUATION, holidays..
-WHEN, due dates/apts...
Studied nonobservance
attempt to protect roles ot the actor by not challenging the actors impression or calling attention to flaws (face saving tech)
Feuds 3 parts of personality
ID-me,myself and I
Superego-Should, ought to
Impression management
attempt to present ourselves to others so they see us as we want to be seen-control impressions
Resocialization socailization
-elimanate primary and replace with new
-GOAL=adapt to new life (process:breakdown,construct and impact)
Dramaturgy (dramaturgical analysis)
(Erving Goffman)
Presentation of self in everyday life

Resocailization Goal process
-Breakdown former image
-Construct new self image
-Impact of institutionalization
process in which we acquire a socail idenity and internalize the beliefs, values and expectations of the social world around us
Primary Socailization
-everyday life
-focus on language skills, expectations and agreements
-GOAL=shape basic attitudes and behaviors
What socialization does for us
builds basic disciplines
instills aspirations
teaches socail roles/attitudes
teaches skills(phone...)
socailization agents
(play roles in shaping pers.)
-family(1st imp..self image)
-school( skills)
-peers( family)
-mass media(4th..TV, radio)
Biological basis of socailization
abscence of instincts
childhood dependence
capacity to learn
process which a persons personality and self image are altered
"ME" part of self
(Georger Herbert Mead)
socail part of the self, internalized demands of society and the awareness of these demands. 3 parts of(imitative,play,games)
Anticipatory socailization
-throughtout life
-focus on future roles
-GOAL=prepare for life situations yet to come
"I" part of self
(George herbet Mead)
spontaneous, unique and natural traits of each person. Impulse and drives found in every normal infant and child
admits but denies responsibility
3 stages of "ME"
Imitative-mimic,initate b-3yrs
Play-pretend roles 3-6yrs
Games-relate to others,roles,
early school yrs
accept responsibility but no denies it is wrong
-denail of injury
-denail of victim
-condemnation of condemers
-appeal to higher loyalties
Generalized other
viewpoints, attitudes and explanations of society as a whole
relieves guilt and avoids expression of disaproval(to min punishment)..excuse and justification
3 factors to determine if noncomformatity act is defined as deviant
1.Imp of norm being violated
2.Situation which it occurs
3.Chararcteristics of violater
Deviant behavior
Behavior that violates the standards/norms of conduct or expectations of a group or society
Characteristics of deviant behavior
-not inherent, only matter of agreement and def'n
-not inherently bad
-def'n changes overtime
-not uncommon
-willful act
Freud's stages
Developemental socailization
-continuing socailization in adulthood
-builds on primary
-GOAL=help indiv make smooth transition into changing lifes roles
Resocialization socailization
-elimanate primary and replace with new
-GOAL=adapt to new life
Types of socialization
statement made by accused deviant tht explains a behavior