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20 Cards in this Set

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Sociology
The systematic study of social behavior and human groups
Theory
In Sociology, a set of statements that seeks to explain problems, actions, or behavior.
Macrosociology
Sociological investigation that concentrates on large scale phenomena or entire civilizations.
Microsociology
Sociological investigation that stresses study of small groups and often uses laboratory experimental studies.
Manifest Function
Open, stated and conscious function.
Latent Function
Unconscious or unintended function; hidden purpose.
Sociological Imagination
An awareness of the relationship between an individual and the wider society
Anomie
The loss of direction felt in a society when social control of individual behavior has become ineffective
Dysfunction
An element or a process of society that may disrupt a social system or lead to a decrease in stability.
Ideal Type
A construct or model for evaluating specific cases
Conflict Theory
A sociological approach that assumes that social behavior is best understood in terms of conflict or tension between competing groups. This social theory views conflict as inevitable and natural and as a significant cause of social change.
Dramaturgical Approach
A view of social interaction in which people are seen as theatrical performers.
Feminist View
A sociological approach that views inequality in gender as central to all behavior and organization
Structural Functionalism
The theory that societies contain certain interdependent structures, each of which performs certain functions for the maintenence of society.
Economic Determinism
The idea that economic factors are responsible for most social change and for the nature of social conditions, activities, and institutions.
Symbolic Interaction Theory
The social theory stressing interactions between people and the social processes that occur within the individual that are made possible by language and internalized meanings. The everyday forms of social interaction are used to explain society as a whole.
Exchange Theory
A theory of interaction that attempts to explain social behavior in terms of reciprocity of costs and rewards.
Achieved Status
A social position obtained through one's own efforts.
Ascribed Status
A social position assigned to a person on the basis of a characteristic over which he or she has no control such as race, gender, or age.
Concept
An abstract system of meaning that enables us to perceive a phenomenon in a certain way.