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109 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which response accurately describes the type of Indian music hear in the listening example?
Karnatak Music
Which instrument plays the melody in the Indian music?
music initially conceived at the keyboard but later allocated to various instruments is called?
an orchestration
by turning to the various soloists and sections during a performance, what does the conductor convey, not only to the orchestra, but also to the audience?
directs attention to the essential lines and themes of the music
what is not considered an aspect of the raga? scale, meter, feeling, or melodic patterns
which instrument normally accompanies the sitar?
where did Klezmer music orginate?
eastern European countries of Poland, Romania, Russia, Lithuania, and Ukraine
how has the popularity of Klezmer music been?
it nearly became extinct during the mid-20th century, but has enjoyed a huge revival since
where is Klezmer music traditionally heard?
at social events, particularly Jewish weddings
which statement does not apply to Musorgsky? rejected the influence of western music and composed in a distinctly russian style, his final years were ravaged by alcoholism and poverty, demonstrated great musical talent as a child, playing a piano concert at the age of 9, while studying with Tchaikovsky at the Moscow Conservatory, he won a prize for composition that enabled him to take a three year trip to Rome
while studying with Tchaikovsky at the Moscow Conservatory, he won a prize for composition that enabled him to take a three year trip to Rome
which term refers to the distinct tone quality of sound?
this term describes the technique used by string players, in which they rapidly repeat the same pitch with quick up and down strokes of the bow?
which term describes the slight wobble given to a pitch that adds richness to the tone?
which term literally means "one sounding" and consists of a single melody without accompaniment?
which musical form, illustrated by the pattern ABACA, consists of a musical refrain that alternates with contrasting music?
what is the form which alters each successive repetition of the melody?
theme and variations
the concluding part of a musical phrase is called a:
negative feelings such as sorrow, fear, and despair are generally associated with this scale
the combination of pitches sounds harsh and jarring, resulting in a harmonic tension that ultimately seeks resolution
what is the term that describes when instruments or voices play or sing together on one pitch or melodic line?
in unison
identify the statement that does not apply to Gregorian chant. a cappella, falsetto voice, descant, counterpoint
a cappella
what is the term for the early polyphony of the western church?
identify the incorrect statement regarding the madrigal? it emerged in italy about the year 1530, sung by large a cappella choirs, sung in some vernacular language, emphasizes the meaning of the poetry at any given moment
sung by large a cappella choirs
the ordinary of the mass describes
the chants with unvarying texts that are sung virtually every day
what is the definition of motet
early polyphony of the western church from the 9th through the 13th centuries
the mass of our lady is important because it
is the first unified mass setting
although this composer was born in northern europe, he spent most of his early career in Italy, where he excelled in writing motets
which term identifies the composer-poets of medieval germany?
this temperamental and egotistical composer, who was described as the musical equivalent of the Michelangelo, was so talented that he could demand twice the salary of his gifted peers
identify the musical statement that does not apply to Adhan. it is the islamic call to worship, heard twice a day at sunrise and sunset, traditionally a muezzin sings from a minaret, the text is always sung in Arabic and the words never change
heard twice a day, at sunrise or sunset
this composer's music was so widely admired that later composers, including Bach and mozart, incorporated elements of his style into some of their sacred works
which composer is not known for secular music? hildegard of bingen, guillaume dufay, beatriz countess of dia, gullaume de machaut
hildegard of bingen
this composer, who as a child was given to the church as a tithe, later founded a convent and gave advice to popes as well as kings
hildegard of bingen
___________ was one of the most important composers of organum
master leoninus
the most important composer of the fourteenth century, this individual was also a gifted poet whose works are considered equivalent to those of Geoffrey Chaucer
guillame de Machaut
in chapters 6 and 7, basso continuo was: utilized as a foundation for melodies expressed above, featured through instruments such as harpsichord, bassoon, and cello, a new progression during the Baroque period, or all of the above
all of the above
the baroque sonata is defined as
instrumental music recognized for its dance like character
the baroque concerto: could feature a soloist accompanied by an orchestra, could feature a small ensemble of soloists accompanied by an orchestra, contained three movements: serious, lyrical, then dance like, or all of the above
all of the above
ritornello form is known for
returning to a main them or refrain
what is the role of a liberttist
to take the text and sing it, while adding the many different baroque embellishments
what is the recitative
musically heightened speech used to express dramatic action, uses repetitive notes
what is the aria
a melismatic piece that is used to reflect emotionally on the recitative, always has a full orchestral accompaniment
what is the purpose of opera
secular entertainment
what is the performance style of opera
fully dramatized with costumes and staging
what is the subject of opera
classical mythology and ancient history
claudio monteverdi is known as the inventor of
giovanni gabrieli is known best as
a composer of polychoral motets
henry purcells passion for opera was displayed in dido and aeneas. in it the most typical of operatic topics are included:
love and grief
describe a fugue
a fugue has 3 or more musical lines, whether vocal or instrumental, begins with an exposition where each line displays the subject, then has repeating sections of freer episodes and then the subject
whats special about bach's concerto no. 5
it featured the harpsichord as a solo instrument
what is the purpose of the cantata
church services
what is the performance style of the cantata
concert style
what is the subject of the cantata
gospel texts
what is the purpose of the oratorio
religious entertainment
what is the performance style of the oratorio
concert style
what is the subject of the oratorio
biblical subjects
mozart used comic opera to
poke fun of the nobility for its pomposity and incompetence
what austrian city did mozart finally settle in because of its rich musical life
name three genres in which mozart specialized
opera, symphony, sonata
list several adjectives used to describe classical music
simplistic, predictable, controlled, rigid yet still room for creativity, balanced, proportioned
one of Haydns most famous symphonies is no. 94, also known as the ________ symphony
haydns role as a court composer was really that of a servant to:
prince nikolas esterhazy
haydn is known as the father of the
string quartet
describe the role of music in society in 18th century northern europe
the role of music in society in 18th century northern europe was to entertain the middle class alongside the nobility; and then the music became a powerful voice for social change as it poked at the nobility
what pattern is recognized in the form of a symphony
fast, slow, fast
name the three major sections of sonata allegro form
exposition, development, recapitulation
usually, a classic concerto featured this instrument
solo piano
describe the main difference between baroque opera and classic opera
baroque opera used heroic characters, rigid separations between recitative and aria, opera seria, and classic opera used natural characters, flowing recitatives and arias with many moods and emotions, and opera buffa
what form is created in minuet and trio
what is ternary form
what is rondo form
what's the difference between a classical symphony and a romantic symphony
the romantics retained the classical 4 movement symphony. however, the third movement was changed to a much more emotional style, the finale took on a much more serious tone, and the pieces grew dramatically in length- therefore less were composed
what's the difference between a classical concerto and a romantic concerto
the romantics retained the classical 3 movement concerto- fast-slow-fast. however, these pieces also nearly doubled in length, therefore, much less of them were composed
define verismo opera
depicted the ugly and vulgar nature of life during the industrial revolution
what's bel canto opera
means beautiful singing, involved soprano prima donnas/divas
whats program music
an orchestral composition in which, through its movements, tells a story from some extra musical event
what is the romantic aesthetic or the ideals of romantic music
love and nature, musical pride and nationalism
his symphonie fantastique was revolutionary, just like his lifestyle (participated in Parisian revolution, consorted with italian bandits, turned failed love affair into musical inspiration)
known as a piano virtuoso, she performed more than 50 concerts a year
clara schumann
known as the piano poet and a national hero in poland, his mazurka is a fast-paced polish dance, composed primarily for the piano
this italian composer's operas rigoletta, la traviata, and il trovatore are still performed more than any opera by any composer
the last of the three b's; wrote a requiem in the language of the listeners, based upon scripture rather than the latin mass; wrote lullaby and rustic pieces such as the violin concerto in d major
relationship with pen pal madame von meck allowed him to become a full-time composer; taught music theory at the moscow conservatory; famous works include the 1812 overture and the nutcracker suite
wrote the pathetique and went deaf, father of romanticism
a classical romantic composer, conducted bach's st matthew passion and elevated interest in other master works, wrote a midsummer nights dream
known as one of the best pianists of all time; wrote some of the most difficult piano music, in over 1,000 european concerts, drove audiences to hysteria (sex symbol)
produced erlking at the age of 17 and the trout at 20. wrote over 600 lieder and lived a bohemian lifestyle
a ruthless visionary, established gesamtkunstwerk through his german operas, established leitmotifs in his mythological operas referred to as the ring
his slavic dances are based upon folk music of his homeland; most famous and beloved czech composer, taught at a music conservatory in new york, wrote the new world symphony
the last in the line of great german syphonic composers; directed the viennese opera and philharmonic as well as the metropolitan opera and the new york philharmonic; nine symphonies
completed the golden century of italian opera in the 1800s wiht la boheme
this tragic genius is known for his character pieces for piano, many lieder, and scenes from childhood, died of mental illness
robert schumann
where did expressionism originate
german-austrian movement
describe the style of expressionism
extension of german romanticism, very dissonant and atonal
new classicism came as a respone to
wishing to stray from all the places that the germans had brought music to as a response to WWI
this composers works can be divided into three stylistic periods 1) russian ballet, 2) neo-classical, and 3) 12 tone his most recognized work is the rite of spring
the first composer to use polytonality in a composition, composed variations on america at age 17
this impressionist composed prelude to the afternoon of a faun and studied at the parisian conservatory
best known new orleans jazz artist; created scat singing
after studying in paris and hearing french and russian music, he was determined to compose in a distinctly american style, such as appalachain spring
this impressionist manipulated folk rhythms in his rhapsodie espagnole to sound like the habanera dance from spain
youre listening to his 4'33" right now, created chance music and the prepared piano
her concerto grosso 1985 is designed to combine modernism with earlier musical traditions
incorporates ancient christian chant with new age music, as in song or athene
hungarian nationalist and modernist composer, wrote concerto for orchestra
an important innovator in the field of electronic music; wrote poeme electronique
king of ragtime, his most famous work in maple leaf rag
created atonal music and the 12 tone method, sprechstimme, and wrote pierrot lunaire
best rock band ever