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53 Cards in this Set

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What are the identifying characteristics of a "true" folk song?
Words that tell a story in the history of culture; oral representation-words of the people.
True or False:
Instrumentation (the choice of instruments used) is a deciding factor in determining whether music is "true" folk music.
False
What is folk process?
A collective changing of a song; over generations.
The Appalachian music tradition gets most of its Celtic music tradition from what countries?
Ireland, Scotland
What best describes all ballad songs?
Songs/poems that tell a story.
What were the churches called in slave times where the spirituals developed?
Praise House
Through what famous singing group did America first learn of spirituals?
Fisk Jubilee Singers
Why did the folklorist John and Alan Lomax first tour America seeking to record folk and blues?
To preserve traditional singers and instrumentalist.
What folk artist collected songs from his travels through the south and was eventually pardoned on two separate prison sentences, one with help from the Lomaxes?
Huddie "Leadbelly" Ledbetter
The style of roots music most associated with Bill Monroe is:
Bluegrass
What 5 instruments usually compromise the average Bluegrass band?
Fiddle, Banjo, Guitar, Mandolin, Bass Fiddle
What prolific songwriter and performer embodied the folk spirit of the Okie farmer of the Depression and came to symbolize the radical political folk musician?
Woody Guthrie
What artist was called "America's tuning fork" by Poet Carl Sandburg; stayed on the forefront of music and politics through the 1960s; was blacklisted by the McCarthy era's HUAC committee; and wrote 60s civil rights and folk anthems WE SHALL OVERCOME, IF I HAD A HAMMER AND TURN, TURN, TURN??
Peter Seeger
Why did the Weavers become blacklisted by HUAC in the mid 1950s?
They were judged for being subversive meaning they want to undermine an established goverment.
What East Coast folk artist openly opposed the Vietnam War by organizing the Institute of for the Study of Non-Violence, and also made the song We Shall Overcome, co-written by Pete Seeger, the 1960s anti-war anthem?
Joan Baez
What is Greenwich Village?
An unofficial residential borough in Lower Manhattan- A have for political art in the late 1950-60s.
Who was the legendary A&R man who "discovered" Bob Dylan?
John Hammond
Why is Bob Dylan considered the most influential American Pop musician of the 1960s?
Because of his prolific lyrics.
What songwriter changed popular music with deeply personal, highly intelligent and poetic lyrics; writing, for example All Along the Watchtower, Knockin' On Heavens Door, and Blowin' in the Wind?
Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan traveled from Minnesota home to New York City, allowing him to see what dying folk musician, who was also his most important influence?
Woody Guthrie
What was the Medicine Show?
Business for selling "Patent medicine, traveling around the country.
The majority of music on the air during the early day of radio cam from what source?
Local talent performing live in the studio.
True or False:

In the early days of country (1920s thru 1940s), aspiring recording artists first had to make a name for themselves in live radio.
True
Which radio station developed the most popular "barn dance" radio show called The Grand Ole Opry in the 1920s?
WSM, Nashville
What cornerstone country family is credited with setting many standards of the country music style, influencing the next generations of singers with 250 recordings and Opry broadcasts?
The Carter Family
What country star developed the guitar playing technique of playing the melody on the bass strings while picking chords on the higher strings?
Maybelle Carter
Which singer learned the blues as a railroad laborer, later combining it with hillbilly music?
Jimmie Rodgers
What early producer recorded both the Carter Family and Jimmie Rodgers for Victor in 1927?
Ralph S. Peer
Which artist became the first Western Movie Star by battling the Phantom Empire for his horse and singing songs like That Silver Haired Daddy of Mine in a 1930s science-fiction movie series? He later went on to star in over 80 films and started producing the first ever made-for-TV series?
Gene Autry
The style of country music that is most associated with Bob Wills and the Texas Playboy is:
Western Swing
What musical style became the predominant influence on popular music from the mid-1930s through the 1940s?
Swing
Western Swing is a hybrid of what two style of music?
Mixture of western music and Big Band or "Swing" Jazz.
Hey, Good Lookin', Cold Cold Heart and Your Cheatin' Heart were all written and performed by this person often credited as the best country songwriter of all time.
Hank Williams
What was the king of Honk-Tonk, who died of overdoes of alcohol and drugs in 1953 at age 29?
Hank Williams
Which two men formed the first country music Publishing firm in Nashville in 1942?
Roy Acuff & Fred Rose; Acuff-Rose.
What urbanized country style emerged in Southwestern roadhouses during and after World War II?
Honky-Tonk
Rockabilly can be described as a blend of what two types of music ?
Mixture of Hillbilly/Country & R&B.
Which independent record label fist discovered Elvis Presley, Roy Orbison, Carl Perkins, Johnny Cash and Jerry Lee Lewis?
Sun Records
Wat artist combined county and rhythm and blues to create the first rock and roll million-selling hit?
Bill Haley & the Comet.
What popular country duo's huge single Cathy's Clown helped put Warner Bros. Records on the map?
The Everly Brothers
Who produced Johnny Cash's Grammy-winning American Recordings release?
Rick Rubin
Besides Don Law, what two Nashville producers created the "Nashville Sound"?
Owen Bradley & Chet Atkins
The West Coast style of country artist whose roster includes Merle Haggard and Buck Owens, is best described as a blend of what two older country styles?
Combining the energy of rockabilly and the soul of honky-tonk with electronic guitars and steels.
Who created the first country/rock album and what is the record's title?
The Byrds
What guitarist formed the Flying Burrito Brothers and "spread the gospel" of electric country guitar oriented music in the late 1960s?
Gram Parson
Roger McGuinn, David Crosby, Chris Hillman and Gene Clark formed what legendary innovative popular group: leading the way to Folk Rock in 1965, Psychedelic Rock in 1967, and then Country Rock in 1968?
The Bryds
Gram Parsons, Chris Hillman, Chris Etheridge, and Pete Kleinow formed what country rock group of the late 1960s?
The Flying Burrito Brothers
True or False:

Both Dolly Parton and Loretta Lynn grew up poor in the Appalachians.
True
True or False:

Dolly Parton and Loretta Lynn buck the prevailing tend by both being women singers and songwriters
True
What three cities are the major producers of country music in the USA?
Nashville, TN; Bakersfield, CA; Austin, TX
Where did Waylon Jennings and Willie Nelson go in the early 1970s when they left Nashville to start a fresh country sound?
Austin, TX
The 1980s punk band The Cramps revived what older style of country music?
Rockabilly
Brian Setzer's Stray Cats revived what older style of country music?
Rockabilly