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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Language universals
properties that all human languages have in common
Language domain
properties of a particular language specific to a particular region or social group
Dialect
Systematic variety of a language specific to a particular region or social group
Idiolect
specific linguistic system of a particular person
Pidgin
mixture of 2 existing languages brought together by trade or colonization
Creole
pidgin that has become the native language of a group of speakers
lexical morphemes (free)
have meaning in themselves, can stand alone
grammatical morphemes (bound)
no meaning in themselves, they reflect relationships or qualities of lexical morphemes
Inflectional morphemes (8)
Affixes. Plurals, possessives, comparatives, superlatives, present, past, past participle, present participle
Derivational morphemes
All other affixes
ie: ize, ful, ly, un
Cognate sounds
consonants produced with same place and manner of articulation, only difference is voicing
Homorganic
Sounds produced in the same place of articulation
(manner and voicing may be diff)
Obstruents
consonant classes in which there are voiced/ voiceless cognates: stops, fricatives, affricates
Sonorants
consonants which the flow of air is relatively unobstructed and characterized by vowel-like acoustic energy: nasals, liquids, glides, vowels
Stridents
consonants that have considerable noisy turbulance caused by forceful airflow striking back of teeth : f, v, s, z, sh, je, ch, juh
Sibilants
consonants described as "hissing sounds"
s, z sh, je, ch, juh
Continuants
sounds w/ no complete stoppage of air flow at any time during production
Syllabic symbol
when a consonant serves as the nuclesu of a syllable.
Usually m,n,ing, lateral l, and rhotic r
Source
alterations in sound energy
Tongue
describe modifications of lingual articulation, in place of articulation
(stop)Release
laryngeal and supralaryngeal characteristics assoc. w/ stop articulation
(timing) Juncture symbols
describe temporal pattern and intonation. Timing=duration. Juncture= oral oral punctuation
Stress
3 degrees of stress are marked above a vowel in a word (1,2,3)
1=primary, highest degree of stress
Nasal
describe aspects of velopharyngeal function.
Lip
describe aspects of lip articulation
Onglide
a brief or fragmentary sound that precedes the main symbol
Offglide
a brief or fragmentary sound that follows the main symbol