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56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Cognitive Conservatism
The tendancy to seek and attend to information that conforms to an exsisting self-concept.
The non-vocal process of thinking. Occurs as a person interprets anothers behavior.
Mixed emotions
Complex emotions that are combinations of primary emotions.
High-Context Cultures
Cultures that avoid direct use of language, relying on the context of a message to convey meaning
Transactional Model
A characterization of communication as the simultaneous sending and recieving of messages in an ongoing, irreversible process
Linear Model
A characterization of communication as a one-way event in which a message flows from sender to reciever
The field of experiences that lead a person to make sense of anothers behavior. Consist of physical characteristics, personal experience, relational history, and cultural background
A continuous, transactional process involving participants who occupy different but overlapping environments and create relationships through the exchange of messages, many of which are affected by external, physiological and psychological noice.
Impersonal Communication
Treating people like objects rather than individuals
messages that refer to other messages: communicating about communication
The degree to which persons like or appreciate one another
The social need to be held in esteem by others.
The degree to which the parties in a relationship have the power to influence one another
Communication Competence
The ability to accomding ones personal goals in a manner that maintains a relationship on terms that are acceptable to all parties.
Cognitive Complexity
The ability to construct a variaty of frameworks for viewing an issue
The creator of a message
Significant Others
A person whose opinion is important enough to affect one's self-concept strongly.
Reflected Appraisal
The theory that a persons self concept matches the way the person believes others regaurd him or her.
Identity Management
The communication strategies people use to influence how others view them.
Parallel Conflict Style
A relational conflict style in which the approach of the partners varie from one situation to another.
Fallacy of Causation
The irrational belief that emotions are caused by others and nothing my the person who has them.
Emotional Contagion
The process by which emotions are transferred from one person to another.
Presenting Self
The image you present to others it may be identical or different from the percieved and ideal selves.
Social Comparison
Evaluation of oneself in terms of or by comparison to others.
The medium through which a message passes from sender to reciever
One who notices and attends to a message
The process of adapting ones speech style to match that of others with whom the communicator wants to identify.
Fallacy of Shoulds
The irrational belief that people should behave in the most desirable way.
Fallacy of Catastropic Expectations
The irrational belief that the worst possible outcome will occur
Debilitative Emotions
Emotions that prevent a person from functioning effectively
The process of attaching meaning to behavior
Syntatic Rules
Rules that goven the ways symbols can be arranged as opposed to the meaning of those words
Fallacy of Approval
The irrational belief that it is vital to win the approval of virtually everyone a communicator deals with.
The process of putting thoughts into symbols, most commonly words.
External, Physiological, and Psychological distractions that interfere with the accurate transmission and reception of a message.
Fallacy of Perfection
The irrational belief that a worthwhile communicatior should be able to handle every situation with complete confidence and skill
Complimentary Conflict Style
A relational conflict style in which partners use different but mutually reinforcing behavoirs
Perceived Self
The person we beleive ourself to be in moments of candor. It may be identical with or different from presenting self.
The process in which a reciever attactes meaning to a message
Symmetrical Conflict Style
A relational conflict style in which both partners use the same tactic.
Facilitative Emotions
Emotions that contribute to effective functioning
Equivocal Language
Ambiguous language that has two or more equally plausible meanings
The process of attending to ones behavior and using these observations to shape the way one behaves
Relative Words
Words that gain their meaning by comparison
Primary Emotions
Simple (basic) emotions
Semantic Rules
Rules that govern the meaning of language opposed to its structure.
Speaking mannerisms that emphasize a communicators differences from others.
Emotive Language
Language that conveys the senders attitude rather than simply offers an objective description.
Information send from a sender to a reciever.
Self-Serving Bias
The tendancy to interpret and explain information in a way that cast the perceier in the most favorable manner
Perception Checking
A three part method for varifying the accuracy of interpretation, including a description of sense data, two possible interpretations, and a request for confirmation of the interpretations.
The relativly stable set of perceptions each individual hold of himself or herself.
Low-Context Cultures
Cultures that use language primarily to express thoughts, feelings, and ideas as clearly and logically as possible
Self-Serving Prophecy
A prediction or expectation of an event that makes the outcome more likely to occur than otherwise have been the case
Linguistic Determinism
The theory that a culture's world view is unavoidably shaped and reflected by the language its members speak.
Linguistic Relativism
A more moderate form of linguistic determinism that argues that language exerts a strong influence on the perceptions of the people who speak it.