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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What disease can be caused by a parasite sometimes found in pork?
trichinosis
What type of diet should help reduce edema?
low sodium
Name the mucous membrane lining the inner surface of the uterus.
endometrium
What is the progressive wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in the walls of the gastrointestinal tract called?
peristalsis
What is the tough connective tissue membrane that covers the bone called?
periosteum
What are the coverings of the brain and spinal cord called?
meninges
What is the liquid part of the blood known as?
plasma
Blood in the right ventricle is kept from being pumped back into the
atrium by the action of what structure?
tricuspid valve
What stimulates the initiation of the heart beat?
sinoatrial node
The coronary arteries branch off what blood vessel?
ascending aorta (Be specific, only correct answer)
Name the lymphatic organ that plays a key role in immunity and becomes adipose tissue later in life?
thymus
Where is the Circle of Willis located?
in the brain
Name a glandlike structure in the brain that is shaped like a pine cone, located in a pocket near the corpus callosum. The exact function of the gland is unknown.
pineal body
What nerve is known as the pneumogastric or 10th cranial nerve, has both motor and sensory functions and a wider distribution than any of the other cranial nerves?
vagus
What blood vessels generally carry blood low in oxygen content?
veins (must be plural)
What are the tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder called?
ureters (must be plural)
Iron is a necessary component of what part of red blood cells?
hemoglobin
How many glasses of liquid should be consumed daily by an adult?
six to eight
What are the 46 thread-like substances in the nucleus of a human cell which carry hereditary characteristics called?
chromosomes
What are the basic structural units of nerve tissue called?
neurons
What is the body system called that includes the hair, nails, and skin?
integumentary
What is another name for the excretory system?
urinary
What is a localized dilation or balloon-like swelling that may occur as a result of weakness in the wall of an artery?
aneurysm
What is the response of damaged tissues to injury which is characterized by swelling, redness, heat, and pain?
inflammation
How many ribs are there in the human body?
12 pairs
Which of the endocrine glands produces hormones which regulate the growth of the body, especially the skeleton?
pituitary
What nutrient comprises about 58% of the body weight?
water
What are protease, lipase and amylase examples of?
enzymes
What mineral is essential for regular heart rhythm and is found in meats, oranges, and bananas?
potassium
Name the four fat soluble vitamins
A, D, E, K (any order)