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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the desired end products of carbohydrate digestion?
monosaccharides
What is a protein that is deficient in one or more essential amino acids called?
incomplete
What is the protoplasm inside the cell membrane called?
cytoplasm
Name the three kinds of muscles and tell whether it is voluntary or involuntary.
(any order)skeletal, voluntary
smooth, involuntary
cardiac, involuntary
What are the hardest structures in the body, which are constructed primarily of calcium?
teeth
List three accessory organs of digestion.
(any order) liver, gallbladder, pancreas
What is the most abundant mineral in the body?
calcium
What is another name for the master gland?
the pituitary gland
What is the medical term for the collar bone?
clavicle
What muscle abducts the arm and caps the shoulder?
deltoid
What is the kissing muscle of the lips called?
orbicularis oris
What artery supplies blood to the head and the neck?
carotid
What is the name of the longest vein of the body?
saphenous
Name two of the three types of hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex.
(any order) glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoid, androgens
Name the two types of cells in the islets of Langerhans that produce hormones.
(any order)
Alpha and Beta
What hormone stimulates the "fight or flight" response to an emergency?
epinephrine
The body may be divided into three imaginary planes. Which plane runs lengthwise from the front to the back dividing the body into right and left sides?
sagittal
The body may be divided into three imaginary planes. Which plane cuts the body horizontally into an upper and lower portion?
transverse
Which bands of connective tissue anchor bones together?
ligaments
What is the body's first line of defense against pathogens?
skin
How many cervical vertebra are there in the vertebral column?
seven
What is the medical term for the knee bone?
patella
What is the medical term for the lower arm bone on the thumb side?
radius
What is the medical term for the lower arm bone on the little finger side?
ulna
What is the longest and strongest bone of the body?
femur
What is the name of the hip socket into which the head of the femur articulates?
acetabulum
What is the projection of the ulna known as the elbow or "funny bone" called?
olecranon process
What is the movement in certain types of joints that decreases the angle between two adjoining bones called?
flexion
What is the movement in certain types of joints that increases the angle between two adjoining bones called?
extension
Name the outer membrane covering the brain and spinal cord.
dura mater