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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Attribution theory
the theory of how people explain others' behavior
Ex:attribute things to either internal dispositions or to external situations
Disposable attribution
attributing behavior to the person's disposition and traits
Situational attribution
attributing the behavior to the environment
Fundamental attribution error
the tendency for observers to underestimate situational influences upon others' behavior/also called correspondence bias because we so often see behavior as corresponding to a disposition
Self awareness
a self conscious state in which attention focuses on oneself. Makes people more sensitive to their own attitudes and dispositions
Belief perserverance
persistence of one's initial conceptions, as when the basis for one's belief is discredited but an explanation of why the belief might me true survives
Misinformation effect
incorporating "misinformation" into one's memory of the event, after witnessing and event and receiving misleading info about it
activating particular associations in memory
Controlled proccessing
"explicit" thinking that is deliberate, reflective, and concious
Automatic proccessing
"implicit" or intuitive thinking that is effortless, habitual, and w/out awareness
Overconfidence phenomenon
the tendency to be more confident than correct- to overestimate the accuracy of one's belief
Confirmation bias
a tendency to search for information that confirms one's preconceptions
a thinking strategy that enables quick, efficient judgments/ speed of intuitive guides that help us stay alive
Representative heuristic
the tendency to presume, sometimes against contrary odd, that someone or something belongs to a particular group if resembling a typical memebrane
Availability heuristic
a cognitive rule that judges the likehood of things in terms of their availability in memory.