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51 Cards in this Set

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What is an adjective?
it modifies a noun or pronoun by describing, identifying, or quantifying words. Ususally proceeds the noun it modifies
Name the adjectives in the folowing sentence:

Mrs. Morrison papered her kitchen walls with hideous wall paper
Kitchen, hideous
Name the adjectives in the folowing sentence:

Many stores have already begun to play irritating Christmas music.
Many, irritating christmas
What is the function of an adverb?
To modify a verb, adjective, or other adverb
What can modify an adjective?
an adverb, or a phrase or clause functioning as an adverb.
What are the adjective and adverb in the sentance:

My husband knits intricately pattered mittens.
adverb: intricately
adective: patterned
past participle phrases can act as what?
as adjectives
What are the adjectives in the sentence: ELenor listened to the muffled sounds of the radio hidden under her pillow
muffled and hidden

both past participles acting as adjectives
my, your, his, her, its, our, and their are what?
possesive adjectives
what is an example of a demonstrative adjective?
this, these, that, those, and what
What are examples of interogative adjectives?
Which and what
What are indefinite asjectives?
similar to indefinite pronoun except it modifies a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase
What kind of adjective is seen in the sentance:

I will send you any mail that arrives.
any- indefinite pronoun

modifies mail
which type of words general end with -ly?
adverbs
an adjective always follows what kind of verb?
transitive verb
what indicates manner, time place, cause, or degree?
an adverb
an adverb answers what questions?
how, when, where, and how much
What is the purpose of conjunctive adverbs?
to join two clauses together (stil need a semi colon when linking 2 independant clauses)
WHat are some examples of conjunctive clauses?
Also, Consequently, Finally, Furthermore, Hence, However, Incidently, Indeed, Instead, Likewise, Meanwhile, Nevertheless, Next, Nonetheless, Otherwise, Still, then, therefore, and thus
What is the adverb, and adverb type in the sentence:

The crowd waited patiently for three hours; finally, the doors to the stadium were open
finally - conjunctive clause
What kind of clauses can act as an adverb?
adverb clause (group o words containing a subject and a verb)
in the sentence, what is the adjective?:

When this class is over, we are going to the movies
When this class is over

it is an adverb clause
How does a prepositional phrase act as an adverbial phrase?
a group of words not containing a subkject that acts as an adverb is called a prepositional phrase
WHat does a prepositional phrase do?
tells time, place, and modifies the verb
What is the adverb in the sentence:

They lived in Canada During the war
During the war- prepositional

in canada?????
what is an infinitive phrase
a phrase that starts with the word TO
How does an infinitive phrase act as an adverbial phrase
to tell why
WHat is the adverb, and adverb type in the sentance:

The boy ran to catch the bus
to catch the bus- infinitive phrase
What are the three degrees of an adjective
positive, compritive, superlative
Give the three degrees of rich
rich, richer, richest
what are the degrees of an adverb>
positive, comparitive, superlative
give the degrees for fast
fast, faster, fastest
we often use more and most, less and least to show degree of what kind of modifier?
adverbs
Intensifiers do what?
they are adverbs that convey greater or lesser emphasis to somehting.
What are the three types of intensifiers?
emphasizers, amplifiers, and downtoners
What is the adverb, and adverb type in the sentence:
"I really dont believe him"
really- emphasizer (intensifier)
What is the adverb, and adverb type in the sentence:

The teacher completely rejected her proposal.
completely- amplifier (intensifier)
What is the adverb, and adverb type in the sentence:

Joe sort of felt betrayed by his sister.
Sort of- downtoner (intensifier)
where are adverbs placed in a sentence?
anywhere they can move around
Where, when, and why, are what?
relative adverbs
what is the adverb in the sentence:

A successful athletic team is often a good team scholastically.
scholastically- viewpoint aderb
WHat is a dangling modifier?
a word or phrase that modifies a word not clearly stated in the sentance.
What kind of modifier is being used in the sentence, and explain why it is a modifier:

Having finished the assignment, the TV was turned on.
dangling modifier

the sentace lacks a subject, and TV sets dont finihs assignments
What is the problem in the sentence:

Relieved of your responsibilities at your job, your home should be a place to relax.
Dangling modifier

Your home--the subject of the main clause--is not relieved of your responsibilities.
Dangling modifiers often have what (which makes them dangle?)
-ing word gerung ot a to+verb phrase near the start of the sentance.
What does a squinting modifier do (or not do)?
a squinting modifier is placed between two nouns, so as you are not sure what it is modyfying.
What kind of modifier is being used in the following sentence:

The mystery has been solved after ten years of the missing
squinting

is ten years how long it took for the case to be solved, or has the thing been missing for 10 years
what are some of the suffixes that turn roots into adjectives?
-ive, -able, -ible, -al, -ful, -ish
what are some of the prefixes that turn roots into adjectives?
ir-, in-, un-, dis-, il-, im-
give an example of a gradable adj
very, quite, somewhat, and exceedingly
what are xamples of non-gradable adj
married, pregnant, square, silent, indestructible