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81 Cards in this Set

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(T/F) Giving first aid is the most important thing.
FALSE
What are the three steps in an emergency:
Check
Call
Care
What do you CHECK in an emergency?
The Scene and the victim
Why do you check a scene?
To see if it is safe to enter.
For an unconscious victim, how do you know its ok to act?
Assumed consent.
When a child has a moist face, pales skin, and deep laceration (a cut), what should you do?
Call 911
Best way to tell if a victim is conscious:
Tap their shoulder, while asking if they are ok.
When checking a victim, what is the first thing that you should do?
check if the victim is conscious
When a victim is unconscious, how do you check for signals of breathing?
Look, listen, and feel for 5 seconds.
Best way to avoid disease transmission:
Use equipment, such as gloves.
Find a child in a non-life threatening situation, what do you do to check them?
First observe, then check from toe up.
Face-up victim
Perform head tilt chin lift.
To get consent to a conscious victim, what do you have to tell them?
Who you are
Level of training
What you want to do
What do you give a victim not breathing with signs of circulation
Rescue breathing
How can Bystanders help
Can help victim care and also tell about accident or victim.
Why do you tilt the head and chin
Opens victim's airway
Give child care for 1 min. and then call 911 or a local emergency number
Call Fast, and only in scene of an accident.
Why are you not supposed to move a victim from the scene of the accident?
You can further injure them.
This is NOT a barrier to give action.
Feeling confident in first aid training
The represents a life-threatening condition
Conscious Victim with persistent chest pains
What do you do for an adult victim who throws up?
Put him/her on their side and take their top leg and put over.
When an adult victim coughs forcefully, what should you look for?
See if their chest clearly rises and falls.
CPR adult compressions
2 hands on lower half of sternum
15 compressions for every 2 breaths.
Chest compression rate, adult
ABOUT 100 per minute
Checking signs of circulation for an adult
After 1st minute, then every few minutes there after.
When heart starts beating for during CPR what do you don next...
Check breathing, and if not, do rescue breathing.
In Cardiac Chain of Survival, when breathing stops, cells of brain are stil living so you need to do CPR early because the...
Chest compressions circulate the oxygen blood to the body.
Continue CPR until
You are too exhausted
Rate of rescue breaths for a child
20 per minute
Why do slow breaths for a victim
Reduces Gastric dissention,
which is when air gets in the stoach and not the lungs.
When heart starts beating for during CPR what do you don next...
Check breathing, and if not, do rescue breathing.
In Cardiac Chain of Survival, when breathing stops, cells of brain are stil living so you need to do CPR early because the...
Chest compressions circulate the oxygen blood to the body.
Continue CPR until
You are too exhausted
Rate of rescue breaths for a child
20 per minute
Why do slow breaths for a victim
Reduces Gastric dissention,
which is when air gets in the stoach and not the lungs.
You are alone with a choking child, what do you do?
Perform abdominal thrusts until they stop choking or become unconscious
An unconscious choking child should 1st be..
lowered to the ground and then have someone call 911
Do children suffer from cardiac or respiratory emergencies
Respiratory
CPR compressions for a child
Use heal of 1 hand
5 compressions in 3 seconds
Rate of compressions to breaths
5 compressions to 1 breath
Call First/Call Fast
Child with no signs of circulation and you are alone
1 min of care and then call 911

(Call fast)
Sign of respiratory distress in an infant
Wheezing at a high pitched sound.
Giving rescue breaths for an infant
1 breath every 3 seconds
When infant needs CPR
No breathing and no signs of circulation
Position head for an infant in CPR
Lower than chest if choking and conscious
CPR compressions for an infant
Compress straight down half inch to an inch
5 compressions to 1 breath
When an infant is choking
give 5 back lows and 5 chest thrusts
Atleast 100 per minuteUse pad of 2 fingers
External bleeding
apply direct pressure
elevate wound
apply pressure bandage
Compress artery or pressure point
Friend collapses and half their face is paralyzed, what is it?
A stroke
automobile accident, vicim has a rapid weak pulse and abdominal pain
internal bleeding
How to care for a minor internal pain
apply ice to the injury
help care for shock
help rest in a comfortable position
1st step in caring for a victim with burns
check scene to make sure it is safe
chemical burn to the eye
flush eye with cool running water
if sprained knee, where put splint?
apply splint to above and below the knee injury
arm or shoulder pain
let them hold arm in most comfortable position
apply rigid splint area that is not bleeding
Leave position where found
check feeling warmth color
support bones above and below injury
check again for warmth and color
immobolize foot or ankle injury
use soft splint (pillow)
a signal for a head, neck or back injury
change level of consciousness
in life immobolization
resistance to movement, so you stop what you are doing right away
Immobolization
place hands on side of victims head and position in line of body
injury to chest, abdomen, and pelvis, what do you first do?
Call 911
(Some one had a seizure in a mall and wakes, etc.) Seizure and then wakes and is disoriented, what do you do?
Check if life-threatening conditions and then check if victim was injured during the seizure
If poisoned
call 911 or poison center
Signal of mild bite, bee sting
redness at entry area
Removing bee stinger
scrape away from skin
removing a tick
with a gloved hand, use tweezers and pull away from skin
substance abuse
same as victim of poisoning
heat exhaustion
ashen skin, pale skin
for someone who is frost bite
never rub area, it can further cause damage
Those who are suffering hypothermia, try not to warm to quickly because
it can cause rapid and dangerous heart rhythms
Face-up in water
hip shoulder support
external breathing care and the bleeding continues
apply additional dressing and then use a pressure point
1st step for elderly who has high pressure, best thing to do for them:
remove them from a hot environment
respiratory arrest
a condition in which breathing has stopped
respiratory distress
a condition in which breathing is difficult
Life-threatening emergency
an illness or injury that impairs a victim's ability to circulate oxygenated blood to all the parts of his or her body
non-life-threatening emergency
a situation that does not have an immediate impact on a victim's ability to circulate oxgenated blood, but still requires medical attention.
Cardiac emergency
sudden illness involving the heart
Cardiac arrest
a condition in which the heart has stopped or beats too ineffectively to generate a pulse
Circulatory system
a group of organs and other structures that carries oxygen-rich blood and other nutrients throughout the body, removes wastes and returns oxygen-poor blood to the lungs.