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33 Cards in this Set

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Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
(CPR) procedure of providing oxygen and chest compressions to a victim whose heart has stopped breathing.
cerebrovascular accident
aka stroke or apoplexy; an interrupted supply of blood to the brain, caused by formation of a clot, blockage of an artery, or rupture of a blood vessel
abrasion
injury caused by rubbing or scraping the skin
amputation
the cutting off or separation of a body part from the body
convulsion
aka seizure; a violent, involuntary contraction of muscles
diabetic coma
an unconscious condition caused by an increased amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood and urine
diaphoresis
profuse or excessive perspiration or sweating
dislocation
displacement of a bone at a joint
dressing
covering placed over a wound or injured part
fainting
partial or complete loss of consciousness caused by a temporary reduction in the supply of blood to the brain.
First Aid
immediate care given to a victim or an injury or illness too minimize the effects of the injury or illness
fracture
a break (usually in a bone or tooth)
frostbite
actual freezing of tissue fluid resulting in damage to the skin and underlying tissue
heart attack
aka myocardial infarction; a reduction in the supply of blood to the heart resulting in damage to the muscle of the heart
heat cramps
muscle pain and spasms resulting from exposure to heat and inadequate fluid and salt intake
heat exhaustion
condition resulting from exposure to heat and excessive loss of fluid
heat stroke
medical emergency caused by prolonged exposure to heat, resulting in a high body temp and failure to sweat glands
hemorrhage
excessive loss of blood; bleeding
hypothermia
condition in which body temp is below normal; usually below 95 degrees
incision
cut or wound of body tissue caused by a sharp object; a surgical cut
infection
invasion by organisms
insulin shock
condition that occurs in diabetics when there is an excess amount of insulin and a low level of glucose in the blood
laceration
wound or injury with jagged irregular edges
poisoning
condition that occurs when contact is made with any chemical substance that causes injury, illness, or death
puncture
injury caused by a pointed object such as a needle or nail
shock
clinical condition characterized by various symptoms and resulting in an inadequate supply of blood and oxygen to body organs, especially the brain and heart
sprain
injury to a joint accompanied by stretching or tearing of the ligaments
strain
injury caused by excessive stretching, overuse or misuse of a muscle
triage
a method of prioritizing treatment
wound
an injury to tissues
avulsion
a wound that occurs when tissue is separated from the body
bandages
material used to hold dressings in place, secure spints, and support and protect body parts
burn
injury to body tissue caused by heat, caustics, radiation, and/or electricity