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86 Cards in this Set

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the key to handling all mass casualities chemical incidents is _________________
to remove the patients fom the contaminated enviornment as rapidly as possible and begin removing the contaminant from their bodies, without further contamination.
the most basic principle of fire fighting is that______________.
human life takes precedence overall concerns
true or false: if a builing (brick, woood joist, or wood frame of standard construction) has been exposed to heavy fire for 20 minutes or more, it is generally safe to mount an interior attack.
false
what is the acronym for listing of the size up factors at a fire scene.
c-construction.
O-occupancy
A- apparatus and manpower
L-Life hazard

W-water supply
A-auxilary appliances
S-Street conditions

W-weather
E-exposures
A-area
L-location and extent of fire
H- Height
which building construction class is more likely to with stand a fire.
class3 or class 4
class 3
class 2 buildings are the least stable in terms of collapsw when exposed to fire. true or false
true
name the three stages of fire development.
incipient stage, free burning , and smoldering.
the method of attack most used in the free burning stage is the ________ method.
combination-5-10sec. sweep of the ceiling then lowering the angle of the stream.
what stage of fire burning would you suspect a backdraft?
stage 3 smoldering stage.
should you veritically or horizontally vent a possible backdraft
vertically at the highest point.
A 3 inch hose at 100ft length has a higher friction loss than an inch and 3/4 hose at the same length? true or false
false
what is the formula for estimating amount of hose to fight a fire in a building.
L + w of building.
by increasing the diameter of the hose, more water can be delivered farther using the same pump discharge energy. true or false?
true--less friction loss.
the key to handling all mass casualties chemical incidents is _________________
to remove the patients from the contaminated environment as rapidly as possible and begin removing the contaminant from their bodies, without further contamination.
to protect your self against the effects of radioactive materials, maximize the following protection factors.
Time-spend as littel time in the hot zone as possible monitor dossimeters
DISTANCE-stay as far from the source as possible to accomplish your task.
SHIELDING-use your mask, bunker gear and buildings to shield your body in general.
the most basic principle of fire fighting is that______________.
human life takes precedence overall concerns
true or false: if a building (brick, wood joist, or wood frame of standard construction) has been exposed to heavy fire for 20 minutes or more, it is generally safe to mount an interior attack.
false
what is the acronym for listing of the size up factors at a fire scene.
c-construction.
O-occupancy
A- apparatus and manpower
L-Life hazard

W-water supply
A-auxilary appliances
S-Street conditions

W-weather
E-exposures
A-area
L-location and extent of fire
H- Height
ordinary construction consisting of masonry or other noncombustible walls with a 2 hr. fire-resistance rating, is what class construction?
class 3
class 2 buildings are the least stable in terms of collapse when exposed to fire. true or false
true
name the three stages of fire development.
incipient stage, free burning , and smoldering.
the method of attack most used in the free burning stage is the ________ method.
combination-5-10sec. sweep of the ceiling then lowering the angle of the stream.
what stage of fire burning would you suspect a back draft?
stage 3 smoldering stage.
should you vertically or horizontally vent a possible back draft
vertically at the highest point.
A 3 inch hose at 100ft length has a higher friction loss than an inch and 3/4 hose at the same length? true or false
false
what is the formula for estimating amount of hose to fight a fire in a building.
L + w of building.
by increasing the diameter of the hose, more water can be delivered farther using the same pump discharge energy. true or false?
true--less friction loss.
static pressure is a good indicator of the volume of water available from a hydrant. true or false?
false-only a full flowing testing will detect this situation.
when residual pressure begins to drop you must take action to prevent the pressure from going below_______psi?
10
standard class a pumpers are designed to deliver maximum water pressure at ______psi. 70% at ______psi and 50% at _____psi.
150,200,250
A 1000 gpm fire truck will deliver one half its total pressure at what psi.?
250 or 500 gpm
should a fire company utilize a hydrant that is also suppling a sprinkler system in that same building?
no- this would limit the effectiveness of the sprinklers.
automatic wet-pipe systems are the most reliable type system.. true or false?
true
what is the nfpa standard 14?
installation and standpipe and hose systems: for the following types. automatic wet, automatic dry, semiautomatic dry, manual wet and manual dry.
what year was the nfpa standard 14 written?
1912
when was the nfpa standard revised?
1993
true or false: class 1 standpipes systems are designed for use by building occupants to control minor fires.
false: they have 2and 1/2 inch threads at outlet and are for fire dept use. class 11 is for occupants usage.
what does LOVERS U stand for?
Laddering
overhaul
ventilation
entry (forcible)
rescue
search
utilities
what three basic tools tools are needed for structural fires.?
halligan tool
flat head ax
pike pole
of all the factors affecting ladder selection, whether for purchasing or use, the single most important item must be______.
its length
what is the formula for figuring correct ladder butt placement?
working height divided by 4
aerial ladders should always be extended at least __rungs over the roof line.
5
negative ventilation is better than positive ventilation. true or false
false: positive is better at clearing smoke in most situations.
what 2 type2 of cuts would you make on a roof to try to observe if the fire under the roof?
examination holes
kerf cuts or triangle cuts
which cuts are more time consuming? kerf or triangle?
triangle
what type of roof constructions in terms of collapse are the most dangerous to fire fighters.?
light weight truss roofs- if one part of the truss fails the whole thing will fail.
what is the weakest link of a truss design?
the gusset plates
true or false: the trench cut is mostly a defensive maneuverer used during ventilation>
true
insulpan roofs designs are best ventilated from the basket of and elevating platform. true or false
true
what is F.A.R?
feedback assisted rescue-two radios healed together in close proximity create a feedback noise that can be heard on a lost fireman's radio if one mike is keyed.
nfpa 1500 and osha's respiratory protection standard addresses what fire ground operation?
rit teams
what is VES?
venting
entering
searching
the two greatest threats to the structure in the event of fire are from _______ and _________
pipe chases and channel rails
the three greatest areas of danger to occupants in a multi level residence is......
the fire floor
the floor above
the top floor
if a building has no fire escapes and no cock loft vents chances are you are looking at a class 1 building? true or false
true
what is taxpayer?
term used to describe a row of stores housed within a single building.
cutting a trench on a taxpayer roof usually isn't practical and shouldn't be undertaken. true or false.
true
when a steel bar joist are exposed to fire the heated steel tends to sag...true or false
true
a serious threat to firefighters occurs when _________ floors are placed over wooden floor joists.
masonry--floors can collapse without any warning!
one of the most unrecognized problems with a cock loft fire is the collapse of the__________
parapet wall
rule of thumb
a 100 foot steel beam heated to 1000 degrees will expand p.5 inches.
high rise strategic plans
1. determine the specific fire floor.
2.verify location before committing hand lines.
3.begin controlled evacuation
4.gain control of the building systems
5.confine and extinguish the fire.
name three divisions of class 1 buildings.
heavy weight, medium weight, lightweight
prewar old style construction on high rise buildings showed a strong concern for life safety and fire safety. true or false.
true
three types of ventilation strategies on high rise buildings.
horizontal, vertical, and or hvac systems.
in a high rise a stack effect can easily contribute to the spread of a fire. true or false?
true
what is reflex time?
it is the total time form when u got the alarm until and effective stream is flowing on the fire.
using elevators in fire situations.
1. attempt to determine the fie floor accurately.
2.if the fire is within eight floors of the elevator lobby, walk up.
3.ensure that each team tha enters an elevator is recorded by lobby ontrol
4.ensure that each team that enters the elevator is equipped.
5.if available use only fire service elevators.
6.expect problems when using an elevator.
7.once you arrive at the destination, usually 2 loors below be prepared to don masks.
an operations officer usually one of the first arriving chiefs other than the ic, should be sent to the floor below the fire to assume direct command over operations on the fire floor and the floor above. true or false?
true
as a rule of thumb the staging area should maintain a reserve fire of at least____ attack teams.
2
first arriving units at a fire in a building under construction should make it a habit to _________
test the first floor outlet for water.
when fireproof coatings or membranes are missing, steel may be exposed to rapid rises in temperature which can lead to failure true or false?
true
true or false: a building in which work is in progress is often more prone to structural failure and collapse than it would be in its completed, occupied state.
true
true or false: the most safest building in the united states to fight a fire in is the vacant building.
false-it is the most dangerous.
a box drawn with an x through the middle signifies what.
that only and exterior should be conducted.
a box drawn with a diagonal slash through it indicates it is safe and no hazards presents in building. true or false?
false: a slash indicates hazards in the event you need to do and interior attack
natural gas is 90% what?
methane
true or false: natural gas has a distinct odor to it by nature.
false: and odorant has to be added.
natural gas psi is lowered down to what psi before it enter the house?
1/4
natural gas is toxic. true of false?
FALSE: it disperses o2 and causes asphyxiation.
the only reliable way to determine the dangers of a gas leak is with a combustible gas detector. true or false
true
4 common type of voids created by collapsed buildings.
lean to
v-shaped void
pancake void
individual void
in the homeland security world. what does a soft target refer to?
apartment, hotels, churches, and any other place or residence.
what is C.B.R.N.E?
chemical
biological
radiological
nuclear
explosive
if you discover a bomb or explosive device you should immediately________________
evacuate the area for at least 300 ft in all directions.
what is a BATF chart?
a chart intended to illustrate the potential quantities of explosives that could be involved and highlight the danger zones.