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30 Cards in this Set

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Was Darwint he first to think up evolution
no
what type of rna is produced during the process in question 9
mrna
What are three types of evidence that darwin used to come up with his theory?
finches
geographic dustributions
oceanic islands
what is it called when a whole species dies off
extintion
when organisms mmove into a new habitat they can sometimes evlove very rapidly into many new and closely related species
adaptive radiation
If a mutation occurs in a gene so that the RNA sequence changes from AUUCCGGAGAAUCC to AUUCCGUAGAAAUCC what kind of mutation would this be
non sense mutation - changes to a stop
increases geometically
population
if a piece of dna has the sequence ATTGCGTA, what would the sequence be of the RNA that was copied from it
UAACGCAU
What is one example of this adaptive radiation
fish
stop codon
uga
uaa
uag
Increase arithmetically
food
what is the name of a 3-base long sequence of RNA codes for a single amino acid
codon
According to Darwin what process causes Evolution
Natural Selection
What happens to individuals if a population grows above its carrying capacity
there will not be enough resources for it to survive and people would start to die off
The name of the other person who came up with the idea of evolution only later
wallis
If a new species moves into a new habitat where there are other species that arent used to it what can happen to the old species
they will not know how to react eventually becoming extinct
did darwin publish his theory right away
no
what is it called when a whole ecosystem dies off
mass extintion
Animals like mosquitos that have thousands of young who almost all die are said to have what kind of life history
r-selected
elephants that have little offspring who almost always live have
k-selected
The number of individuals that a given habitat can support is called the
carrying capacity
human disese with a gentic cause
hemophilia
start codon
aug
Will reducing the birth rate of a county always immediatly drop its population growth to zero
no
Mendel's laws
law of segregation
law of independence
all species living in an area together
ecosystem
process when dna is copied to rna
transcription
what did mendel do his expiermemts on
pea plants
how much energy moves from one level to the next
10%
----- flows through ecosystems, while ----- are recycled
energy
materials