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22 Cards in this Set

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respiratory
What is the most common route of infection?
Upper respiratory system
Nose and throat and axxociated structures: Sinuses, nasolacrimal ducts, middle ear, and eustachian tubes.
Lower respiratory system
Larynx, trachea, bronchial tubes, and alveoli.
Streptococcal sore throat
What bacterial upper respiratory disease is caused by the genus streptococcus?
Strep.
What genus causes Strep. throat?
Strep throat
What disease?

Fever and pharyngitis, inflammation of mucus membranes of the throat, tonsilitis
Strep throat
Complications of what disease:

Otitis media (middle ear infection)
Scarlet fever
Rheumatic fever
Scarlet fever
Some strep. produce erythrogenic toxin: Damages capillaries -> blood leaks into surrounding tissues -> red rash on neck and chest -> legs and arms.
Rheumatic fever
Arthritis and heart valve damage.

What disease results as a complication from Strep. ?
Respiratory secretions/airborne droplets
How is strep. throat transmitted?
Diptheria
What disease is caused by the genus Corynebacterium?
Corynebacterium
Diptheria is caused by what genus?
Diptheria
Leather/membrane is associated with what disease?
Diptheria
Complications:

Myocarditis
Neurologic and renal involvement
Inhalation of droplets
How is diptheria contracted or transmitted?
Dtap
How can Diptheria be prevented?
Diptheria toxoid
What does the "D" is Dtap stand for?
Bacteria
What type of organism causes Strep. throat?
Bacteria
What type of organism causes Diptheria?
Common cold
What is the one viral disease of the upper respiratory system?
Coronavirus
Rhinovirus
Adenovirus
What are the genus or viruses that can cause the common cold?
Common cold
Sneezing, excessive nasal secretions and congestion.