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6 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Describe the components of the circular transactional model of communication and symmetrical and complementary roles
circular transactional model of communication

-include the context of of the communication, feedback loops, and validation.

*Two systems: Feedback and Context

*Symmetrical role-relationship are equal

*Complementary role relationships typically operate with one person holding a higher position that the other in the communication process.
*Metacommunication-a nonverbal message abouth how the receiver should interpret the message.
*Feedback-is the verbal and nonverbal of response the receiver gives to the sender about the messages.
*Validation- is a special form of feedback that procides verbal adn nonverbal confirmation that both participants have the same basic understanding of the message and the feedback
Define and discuss the major features of therapeutic communication

define as a purposeful form of communication used in the helping relationship.
*it is not method but rather a specialized application of basic communication principles designed to promote the client's health problems, explore options for care, assist in decision making and facilitate client wellbeing
Developmental Phases by Peplau
*Orientation Phase- sets the stage for the rest of the relationship by offering a systematic means for gathering assessment data from the client and establishing raport with the client
*Working Phase-two components, identification-focuses on mutual clarification of ideas and expectations setting of goals, and treatment planning achieve identified goals.
*Termination(resolutin)Phase-the nurse assists the client to review progress toward goals, make referrals, and brings closure to the therapeutic relationship
Discuss Aaron Beck's cognitive Behavioral Therapy model
CBT offers an evidenced-based therapeutic approach based on the premise that a person's thought (cognitions) are significant determinants of feelings (moods) and actions.
*Cognitive distortions-are automatic thoughts that appear spontaneously in response to a stressful situation; seem to be valid assesments; and cause a person to interpret neutral situations in an exaggerated, personality and negative way
*schemata-reflect negative cognitive biases in a person's mind.
Abraham Maslow
*Physiological Needs-most fundamental level that include satisfying hunger, thirst, sexual, and sensory stimulation that requires satisfaction as well
*Safety and Security Needs-include physical safety and emotional security
*Love and belonging nees-the need to be part of the family or community
*Self-esteem-a sense of dignity, respect, and approval by others for the self within is the hallmark of successfuly meeting self-esteem needs
*Self actualization-highest level of need satisfaction. represents humanity at its best, are not superhuman, they are subject to the same feelings of insecurity and vulnerability. People take important personal stands on issues, saying no when it is appropriate and fully commiting themeselves to personal goals that enrich their sense of self and contribute to the lives of other.
Erik Erikson Stage of Development
*Trust Vs mistrust (0-2)
*Autnomy Vs. Shame and doubt(2-4)
*Initiative vs guilt (4-6)
*Industry vs inferiority (7-12)
*Identity vs indenty diffusion (13-19)
*Intimacy vs self-absorption (young adult)
*Generativity vs self-absorption (Adult)
*Integrity vs despair (Old age)