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62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The most superior body cavity is the:
(a) abdominal cavity
(b) spinal cavity
(c) thoracic cavity
(d) cranial cavity
(d) cranial cavity
The diaphram separates the:
(a) thoracic and abdominal cavities
(b) abdominal and pelvic cavities
(c) cranial and spinal cavities
(d) thoracic and pelvic cavities
(a) thoracic and abdominal cavities
A cross-section of an artery would look like a:
(a) rectangle
(b) hollow circle
(c) cylinder
(d) hollow tube
(b) hollow circle
Which of the following is not an aspect of the anatomy of an organ?
(a) size
(b) type of cells present
(c) shape
(d) function
(d) function
The organ level of organization includes all of the following except the:
(a) arteries
(b) liver
(c) blood
(d) kidneys
(c) blood
Homeostasis means that the internal environment of the body is:
(a) exactly the same at all times
(b) relatively stable in spite of constant changes
(c) constantly changing drastically
(d) not changing at all
(b) relatively stable in spite of constant changes
Which sequence lists the levels of organization in the proper order of increasing complecity?
(a) chemicals, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems
(b) chemicals, tissues, organs, cells, organ systems
(c) cells, chemicals, organs, tissues, organ systems
(d) cells, chemicals, tissues, organ systems, organs
(a) chemicals, cells, tissues, organs, organ sytems
Which membrane is not paired with its proper location?
(a) peritoneum-lines the abdominal organs
(b) meninges-lines the cranial cavity
(c) visceral pleura-covers the lungs
(d) parietal pleura-lines the thoracic cavity
(a) peritoneum-lines the abdominal organs
A midsagittal section of the head would cut through all of the following except these two:
(a) nose
(b) eyes
(c) mouth
(d) brain
(e) ears
(b) eyes
(e) ears
Which statement is not true of cells?
(a) the human body contains many different types of cells
(b) cells are made up of inaorganic and organic chemicals
(c) cells are the smallest living subunits of structure and function
(d) a group of cells with similar structure and function is called an organ
(d) a group of cells with similar structure and function is called an organ
A person with type AB blood has:
(a) A and B antigens on the RBC's and neither anti-A nor anti-B antibodies in the plasma
(b) A antigens on the RBC's and anti-A antibodies in the plasma
(c) B antigens on the RBC's and anti-A antibodies in the plasma
(d) A and B antibodies on the RBC's and no antigens in the plasma
(a) A and B antigens on the RBC's and neither anti-A nor anti-B antibodies in the plasma
The plasma protien that helps maintain blood volume by pulling tissue fluid into capillaries is:
(a) prothorombin
(b) albumin
(c) gamma globulin
(d) hemoglobin
(b) albumin
The WBC's that recognize foreign antigens and produce antibodies are:
(a) monocytes
(b) neutrophils
(c) lymphocytes
(d) eosinophils
(c) lymphocytes
The red bone marrow produces:
(a) RBC's only
(b) RBC's and platelets only
(c) RBC's and WBC's only
(d) all types of blood cells
(d) all types of blood cells
The cells in the hemopoietic tissues that undergo mitosis to produce all the types of blood cells are called:
(a) normoblasts
(b) stem cells
(c) reticulocytes
(d) megakaryocytes
(b) stem cells
Plasma makes up ____% of the total blood and is itself ____% of water.
(a) 52-62%/91%
(b) 91-92%/55%
(c) 65-75%/80%
(d) 50-60%/50%
(a) 52-62%/91%
The extrinsic factor needed for DNA synthesis in the red bone marrow is:
(a) calcium
(b) vitamin B12
(c) vitamin K
(d) iron
(b) vitamin B12
The organ that produces erythropoietin during hypoxia is the:
(a) liver
(b) red bone marrow
(c) spleen
(d) kidney
(d) kidney
The oxygen-carrying protien of RBC's is
(a) prothrombin
(b) hemoglobin
(c) myoglobin
(d) erythropoietin
(b) hemoglobin
A blood clot is made of:
(a) thrombin
(b) fibrinogen
(c) fibrin
(d) prothrombin factor
(c) fibrin
The process of spermatogenesis produces:
(a) sperm cells, in cycles of 28 days
(b) sperm cells, from puberty to age 50
(c) only one functional sperm cell and three polar bodies
(d) sperm cells, from puberty throughout life
(d) sperm cells, from pubery throughout life
The part of a sperm cell that contains the 23 chromosomes is the:
(a) flagellum
(b) acrosome
(c) middle piece
(d) head
(d) head
The part of the testes that produce sperm are the:
(a) interstitial cells
(b) vas deferens
(c) seminiferous tubules
(d) epididymides
(c) seminiferous tubules
The alkaline fluid of semen is important to neutralize the:
(a) acidic pH of the uterus
(b) acidic pH of the vagina
(c) alkaline pH of the vagina
(d) alkaline pH of the fallopian tube
(b) acidic pH of the vagina
The male reproductive duct that carries sperm from the epididymis into the abdominal cavity is the:
(a) vas deferens
(b) urethra
(c) inguinal duct
(d) ejaculatory duct
(a) vas deferens
The process of meiosis produces _______ cells, each with _______ number of chromosomes.
(a) 4/haploid
(b) 2/haploid
(c) 4/diploid
(d) 2/diploid
(a) 4/haploid
The process of meiosis that produces an egg with 23 chromosomes is called:
(a) oogenesis
(b) spermatogenesis
(c) eggogenesis
(d) ovulation
(a) oogenesis
Expulsion of a mature egg from the ovary is called:
(a) ejaculation
(b) ovulation
(c) menstruation
(d) fertilization
(b) ovulation
The site of fertilization is usually the:
(a) fallopian tube
(b) vagina
(c) uterus
(d) ovary
(a) fallopian tube
The process of oogenesis begains at age _______ and ends at _______.
(a) birth, death
(b) puberty, death
(c) puberty, menopause
(d) birth, menopause
(c) puberty, menopause
A contagious disease is always:
(a) communicable
(b) self-limiting
(c) non-communicable
(d) secondary
(a) communicable
An infection in which the person shows no symptoms is called:
(a) asymptomatic
(b) subclinical
(c) inapparent
(d) all of these
(d) all of these
A virus can reproduce only in:
(a) the blood
(b) tissue fluid
(c) cell
(d) none of these
(c) cell
The time between the entry of the pathogen and the appearance of symptoms is called the:
(a) latent period
(b) incubation period
(c) dormant stage
(d) self-limiting stage
(b) incubation period
Pathogens inhaled in air usually do not reach the lungs because of the presence of ______ in the trachea.
(a) cilliated epithelium
(b) muscle tissue
(c) air
(d) cartilage
(a) cilliated epithelium
In women, the normal flora of the vagina create a(n) ________ pH that prevents the growth of pathogens.
(a) neutral
(b) alkaline
(c) acidic
(d) very alkaline
(c) acidic
An infection that begins suddenly and spreads quickly throughout the body may be called:
(a) acute and localized
(b) chronic and systemic
(c) chronic and localized
(d) acute and systemic
(d) acute and systemic
Pathogens in foods such as cheese may be destroyed by a process called:
(a) sterilization
(b) pasteurization
(c) disinfection
(d) chlorination
(b) pasteurization
Viruses cause disease by doing what in cells?
(a) reproducing in them
(b) activating the cells
(c) becoming dormant
(d) deactivating the cells
(a) reproducing in them
Which of these is not a portal of entry for pathogens:
(a) nose
(b) unbroken skin
(c) reproductive tract
(d) mouth
(b) unbroken skin
Diagram the pathway of blood through the body.
superior and inferior venacava———›right atrium———›tricuspid valve———›right ventricle———›pulmonary artery———›lungs———›pulmonary vein(4)———›left atrium———›bicuspid valve———›left ventricle———›aorta———›body
Describe why a person with type O blood is the universal donor and a person with type AB blood is the universal recipient.
Type O RBC's have neither A nor B antigens on their surface. Without the presence of these antigens type O blood will not react with whatever antibodies are present in the blood of the recipient. Type O is the only blood type that people with all other blood types can safely receive.
Type AB blood contains neither A nor B antibodies. Without the presence of these antibodies type AB blood will not react with whatever antigens are present in the blood of the donor. Type AB is the only blood type that can safely receive blood from any donor.
A renal corpuscle consists of:
(a) a glomerulus and peritubular capillaries
(b) a renal tubule and Bowman's capsule
(c) a glomerulus and Bowman's capsule
(d) a renal tubule and peritubular capillaries
(c)
The kidneys are located behind the:
(a) renal artery
(b) peritoneum
(c) spinal column
(d) renal vein
(b)
The cavity within the kidney that collects urine is the:
(a) renal pelvis
(b) urinary bladder
(c) ureter
(d) renal vein
(a)
The renal vein takes blood from the kidney to the:
(a) abdominal aorta
(b) renal artery
(c) superior venacava
(d) inferior venacava
(d)
All of these are parts of the renal tubule except:
(a) loop of Henle
(b) glomerulus
(c) proximal convoluted tubule
(d) distal convoluted tubule
(b)
The process of glomerular filtration takes place from the:
(a) glomerulus to Bowman's capsule
(b) renal tubule to peritubular capillaries
(c) Bowman's capsule to glomerulus
(d) peritubular capillaries to renal tubule
(a)
Renal filtrate differs from blood plasma in this way:
(a) only waste products are present in filtrate
(b) there are no nutrients in filtrate
(c) there is more protein in filtrate
(d) there are no blood cells in filtrate
(d)
Urea is a nitrogenous waste product that comes from the metabolism of:
(a) nucleic acids
(b) muscle tissue
(c) amino acids
(d) carbohydrates
(c)
Normal values for daily urinary output and pH of urine might be:
(a) 2.5 liters/pH 3.0
(b) 4.0 liters/pH 6.5
(c) 2.0 liters/pH 9.0
(d) 1.5 liters/pH 6.0
(d)
The kidneys are protected from mechanical injury by the:
(a) pelvic bone and smooth muscle
(b) smooth muscle and the ribcage
(c) adipose tissue and the pelvic bone
(d) rib cage and adipose tissue
(d)
The hormone that lowers blood glucose level by enabling cells to take in glucose is:
(a) glucagon
(b) cortisol
(c) insulin
(d) growth hormone
(c)
The hormone that increases the rate of cell division is:
(a) thyroxine
(b) calcitonin
(c) insulin
(d) growth hormone
(d)
The two hormones that regulate blood calcium levels are:
(a) insulin and glucagon
(b) parathyroid hormone and calcitonin
(c) calcitonin and growth hormone
(d) parathyroid hormone and thyroxine
(b)
The hormone that stimulates milk production in the mammary gland:
(a) oxytocin
(b) estrogen
(c) progesterone
(d) prolactin
(d)
The hormone that causes strong contraction of the uterus during labor is:
(a) estrogen
(b) prolactin
(c) oxytocin
(d) progesterone
(c)
Pituitary dwarfism results from:
(a) hyposecretion (decreased level) of growth hormone
(b) hypersecretion (overproduction) of growth hormone
(c) increased thyroxine levels
(d) a high blood glucose
(a)
Graves' disease is the result of:
(a) overproduction of growth hormone
(b) hypersecretion of thyroxine
(c) hypersecretion of calcitonin
(d) none of these
(b)
A deficiency of insulin or in its functioning is called:
(a) Graves' disease
(b) Giantism
(c) Diabetes mellitus
(d) Cushing's Syndrome
(c)
Type I diabetes is characterized by:
(a) a deficiency of insulin receptors on cell membranes
(b) ketoacidosis
(c) an increase of oxytocin release
(d) destruction of beta cells of the pancreas
(d)
Type II diabetes is characterized by:
(a) a deficiency of insulin receptors on cell membranes
(b) ketoacidosis
(c) an increase of oxytocin release
(d) destruction of beta cells of the pancreas
(a)