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78 Cards in this Set

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Answer
Mental Retardation: Severe: %/IQ/work
3-4%/4-5 SD below mean/none
Mental retardation: Four levels
mild, moderate,severe, profound
Autistic Disorder: social/verbal/repetitive/age
2 social deficits, 1 verbal, 1 repetitive or stereotyped pattern,onset priuor to age 3
Autistic disorder: % retarded/gender
75% retarded/4-5X males
Retts Dosorder: gender/def
100% female/developmental regression prior to age 4/slower head growth/handwringing
Childhood Disintgrative Disorder: Def
rarer than autism/between ages 2-10/loss of social language,bowel,play,motor
Aspergers Disorder: Def
similar to Autism w/o language impairments
Dyslexia: Surface
Might read as mit
Dyslexia: Deep
Arm as leg/hot for cold
Phonological Disorder: ?
Does not use speech sounds common for age
ADHD: %/Age/gender
3-5%/before age 7/ 4-9X more common in boys
ADHD: Combined:
6 symp of both inattentive and hyperactive
ADHD: duration/conduct disorder %
symptoms 6mths in 2 settings/50% have conduct disorder
ADHD: Two subtypes
Inatentive/Hyperactive
Conduct Disorder: subtypes and age onset
Childhood before age 10 and Adolescent after age 10
Conduct Disorder: Def
defy societies rules/norms and 3 or more signs for 12 months
Conduct disorder: Rx
behavior and family therapy
Conduct Disorder: Which is worse? Childhood or adolescent onset
Childhood
Oppositional Defiant:
4 symptoms over at least 6 mths . Often not displayed outside home. Not in trouble with law
Tourette's:age/criteria
Before age 18/multiple motor tics, one or more vocal tics for more than one year
Delirium: def/who is at risk
apparent confusion, disturbamce of consciousness and cognition. Develops quickly,short-term/elderly after surgery, drug withdrawal
Dementia: who:
Usually over 85, 20% over 85 have dementia. 50% of dementia is Alzheimers
Dementia: Def
Multiple cognitive,always memory,aphasia/apraxia/agnosia,executive function
Schizophrenia: what hypothesis?
Dopamine
Schizophrenia: time frames
2 or more symptoms active for at least one month over 6 mth period
Schizophrenia: Positive symptoms
delusions, hallucinations,speech
Schizophrenia: Negative symptoms
flat affect, Alogia, avolition
Alogia
poverty of speech
Avolition
restricted initiation
Schizophreniform: compare to Schizophrenia
lite version. Same criteria but less than 6 months
Schizoaffective:
at leaste 2 weeks with just positive/negative schizophrenia symptoms and then a period with those same symptoms and a major depressive, manic or mixed episode
Delusional Disorder
Has non-bizaar delusion for 1 month
Bi-Polar I:
One or more manic (one week duration) or mixed and sometimes a depressive.
Bi-Polar II:
1 or more major depressive (2 wks) and 1 hypomanic (4 days)
Cyclothymic Disorder: duration/def
two years/hypomanic and depression (not major)
Major Depressive Disorder:def/%suicide
one or more major D, no manic or hypomanic, 15% suicide
Manic Episode:time/def
at least one week/major expansive, elevated, irritable.
Manic Episode characteristics
grandiosity, low sleep,talkative,flight of ideas,distractibility, increase goal directed activity
Post-Partum: %/def-timeframe
10-20%/mood episode w/in 4 weeks of birth
Depression Models: Psychoanalytic
intrapsychic ambivalence
Depression Models: Beck
cognitive distortions, dysfunctional "automatic thoughts"
Depression Models: Seligman
learned helplessness:negative events:stable,global, internal
Depression Models:Behavioral:
Operant conditioning: low rate of response contingent reinforcement, ie on extended extinction schedule
Panic Disorder: Def
repeated , unexpected, 1 month worry about another
Agoraphobia:
anxiety about being in places from which escape might be difficult and therefore situations are avoided.
Social Phobia: Def/Rx
Exposure to the feared social situation invariably provokes anxiey, may be situationally bound/predisposed panic attacks. Rx=meds, phenelzine
Panic Attack
4 of following: pounding heart, sweating,trembling,shortness breath,choking,chest pain,nausea,dizzy,derealization,fear of losing control/going crazy,fear of dying,numbness, chills/hot flashes
Specific Phobia:
excessive fear of specific object or situation. Exposure provokes immediate response, including panic attacks.
Specif Phobia Rx
In-vivo exposure with response prevention
Acute Stress Disorder: timing
Symptoms occur w/in one month and last up to one month
Generalized Anxiety Disorder:Dx/Rx
Excess worry over 6 mths, six symptoms. Rx: Cogn Beh Therapy
Somatoform Disorders: Intentiuonal or not? List five
Not intentional: Conversion,Somatization, Undif Somatoform/hypochondriasis/Body Dysmorphic
Conversion:
Convert trauma into physical symptom
Somatization Disorder:
several years, medical attention, 4 pain symp, 2 GI onset before age 30
Undifferentiated Somatoform Disorder
one symptom for 6 months
Hypochondriasis:
Preoccupied with fears of a disorder. Knows fears are exaggerated
Body Dysmorphic:
Over concerned with one part of body
Factitious Disorder: Intnetional or not
deliberate
Factitious Disorder:Dx
fakes psychological or physical symptoms
Mallingering:
deliberate symptoms for gain. clear goal
Paranoid PD:
expecting harm, hypervigalent
Schizoid PD
indifferent to social situations. Limited emotion and sensitivity
Schizotypal PD
low social with peculiar odd thoughts
Histrionic PD
Excessive emotion and attention getting
Narcissistic PD
grandiosity, need for admiration, lack of empathy
Borderline PD
instable relationships, self image and impulsivity. Avoid abandonment, impulse in self damage, all good or all bad. 80% abused
Antisocial PD
disregard/violate rights of others from age 15, must be 18. Needs conduct disorder B4 15
Avoidant PD
avoid social contact, fear criticism/rejection. But longs for contact
Dependant PD
Pervasive need to be cared for. Clinging submissive.
OCD PD
Perfection/order. Interpersonal control. Details, rules, lists. Inflex with morality.
Anorexia Nervosa: Dx
85% or less IBW, restricting diet/fast, may include bing/purge
Bulimia Nervosa:Dx
2x / wk for 3 months. Purge and non-purge type
Dissociative Amnesia:Dx
Sudden inability to rememebr important personal info. Usually stressful/traumatic nature
Dissociative Fugue:Freq/Dx
rare/wartime/abrupt travel from home, inability to remember one's past
DID:Dx/freq
2 or more identities/1-3% of population
Headaches: Tension/Where/EMG or handwarming
Both sides of head/EMG
Headaches:Migrain:/where/EMG or handwarming
One side of head/handwarming