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19 Cards in this Set

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enlightenment
a philosophical movement of the 18th century characterized by rationalistic methods and skeptisicm of established ideas by the church and government. It was alsoa new intellectual movement that stressed reason and though that the power of individuals to solve problems
social contract
an agreement between free individuals to create a government and society in which poeple hand over their rights to a strong ruler
secular
concerned with wordly rather than spiritual matters. People began to openly quesiton the church
absolutism
kings or queens that hold all the pwower in state
philosophes
social critics in France who believed that poeple could apply reason to all aspects of life
popular sovreignty
the government is subject for the good of the people
declaration of independence
this is a passage claimimg that all men are created equally and should have euqal rights. Among these rights are the right to life, liberty, and the puruit of happiness
Declaration of the rights of man
a document stating men are born and remain free and equal in rights
declaration of rights of women
document stating that women should be as equal as men and there is not a difference between the two
checks and balances
The legislative executive and judicial branch provided checks and balances to keep each other in line
English bill of rights
These amendments protected basic laws such as freedom of speech press assembly and religion
Thomas Hobbes
Believed that man is equal in his passions of partiality pride revenge and needs the fear of strong punishment if he is to follow more humane laws
John Locke
Believed that there should be one set of rules for both the rich and the poor. Also laws should be designed for the good of the people and taxes should not be raised without the consent of the people
Jean Jaques Rousseau
Believed in individual freedom that is being taken away by unjust laws and that a good government is formed by people and guided by the general will or society in direct democracy
Baron de Montesqueie
Believed that political power should be split between legislative executive and judicial branch so that no one has too much power
Mary Wollestonecraft
Believed that women are going to become as virtouus and useful as men that they need a good education. Also women should be able to participate in politics and medicine
Cesare Beccaria
Believed that laws and punishment should exist not to avenge crimes but to preserve social order also torture and capital punishment should be abolished
Voltaire
seperation of church and stae and freedom of reigion speech and tolerance
American revolution
Hostility because americans refused to help britain pay debts and ten they were not granted equal political rights.