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78 Cards in this Set

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Haroun and the Sea of Stories
Written in English by Salman Rushdie in 1990, he was born in India
Six Characters in Search of an Author
Written in Italian by Luigi Pirandello in 1921, he was born in Italy
Gulliver's Travels
Written in English by Jonathan Swift in 1726, he was born in Ireland
Candide
Written in French by Voltaire in 1759, he was born in France and Expatrioted
Faust
Written in German by Johann von Goethe in 1806, he was born in Germany
Notes from the Underground
Written in Russian in 1864 by Fyodor Dostoevsky, he was born in Russia
Persepolis
Written in French in 2000 by Marjane Satrapi, she was born in Iran
The Amazing Life of Olaudah Equiano
Written in English in 1788 by Olaudah Equiano, he was born in Igbo
Heart of Darkness
Written in English in 1902 by Joseph Conrad, he was born in Poland
A Bend in the River
Written in English in 1979 by V.S. Naipaul, he was born in Trinidad
A Passage to India
Written in English in 1924 by E.M. Forester, he was born in England
One Hundred Years of Solitude
Written in Spanish in 1967 by Gabriel Garcia-Marquez, he was born in Columbia
Age of Reason
a period characterized by a prevailing belief in the use of reason
Allegory
the expression by means of symbolic fictional figures and actions of truths or generalizations about human existence
Alliteration
the repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words or syllables
Allusion
an implied or indirect reference
Anticlimax
the usually sudden transition in discourse from a significant idea to a trivial or ludicrous idea
Anti-hero
a character that has some characteristics that are antithetical to those of the traditional hero
Anti-novel
a work of fiction that lacks most or all of the traditional features of the novel
Bildungsroman
It’s a coming of age, going from childlike state to adulthood
climax
point of highest dramatic tension or a major turning point in the action
deism
belief that God made the world then just sat back to watch (watchmaker)
denouement
the final outcome of the main dramatic complication in a literary work
dialogue
a written composition in which two or more characters are represented as conversing
diction
choice of words especially with regard to correctness, clearness, or effectiveness
discourse
conversation between characters
dramatic irony
things turning out dramatically different than what is expected
dystopia
an imaginary place where people lead dehumanized and often fearful lives
existentialism
Holds out hope for confused beings. It is a philosophical movement that is generally considered a study that pursues meaning in existence and seeks value for the existing individual
exposition
a setting forth of the meaning or purpose
falling action
after the turning point, coming toward resolution
first person point-of-view
the narrator is part of the story
foil
someone or something that serves as a contrast to another
frame-story
a story within a story
freytag's pyramid
form of a story: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution
genre
category of literature characterized by a particular style, form, or content
graphic novel
hybrid art form, novel + comic book; forces uniformity in images, generally has a hero and villain.
hamartia/tragic flaw
flaw in character that brings about the downfall of the hero of a tragedy
Hegel
phenomenologist, can’t reach truth without phenomena
hegemony
one group has power over another
hero
the principal male character in a literary or dramatic work
implied author
The messages and themes that are interpreted from literature; what you think the author implies
intertextuality
Makes a reference to another work of language; a willing suspension of disbelief. Willing to believe a story on its own terms. the complex interrelationship between a text and other texts taken as basic to the creation or interpretation of the text
Kant
we can't comprehend what exists outside of our own experience.
Leibniz
Theodicy, the explanation for evil in the world
magical realism
a literary genre or style associated especially with Latin America that incorporates fantastic or mythical elements into otherwise realistic fiction.
metafiction
framing device that draws attention to the fact that it’s fiction
metanarrative
framing device that draws attention to the fact that it's a narrative
metaphor
figure of speech in which a word or phrase literally denoting one kind of object or idea is used in place of another to suggest a likeness or analogy between them
modernism
a reaction to realistic drama, it is also surreal and beyond the norms of regular drama. Author refers to himself.
narrator
the story teller
neo-colonialism
forcing culture upon a people or place
nihilism
there is no meaning, life has no meaning
omniscient narrator
the narrator knows what will happen before it happens; has a sense of control over the story
ontology
to be; what it means to be human
phenomenology
the study of Phenomena; the study of what we experience
bethany
the most loving and beautiful girl in the whole world. she's like a lotus flower, so rare, precious, and beautiful. her aroma makes me salivate.
Picaresque
fast moving plot, lots of action
Picaro
living an unconventional life usually in a colony with others (Gypsy)
plot
the events in the story and how they fit in to create a theme
point of view
the related experience of the narrator, not that of the author
post-colonialism
reaction to colonialism
post-modernism
of, relating to, or being any of various movements in reaction to modernism that are typically characterized by a return to traditional materials and forms (as in architecture) or by ironic self-reference and absurdity
prolepsis
jumping forward, telling what is going to happen
Vladamir Propp
Russian who studied folktales; They are combinations of the same stories
protagonist
the principal character in a work of literature
realism
commonly defined as a concern for fact or reality and a rejection of the impractical and visionary
romantic hero
ideal hero, surreal
satire
a genre that uses indirect means to critique and institution
setting
the time and place of the action of a literary, dramatic, or cinematic work
simile
comparison using like or as
slave narrative
a narrative in which a slave tells their personal story
mark
Zeus writ man, a personality and body chiseled by Michelangelo from pure marble. basically the perfect male specimen. should be used for breeding stock for all mankind but refuses to because it is morally objective.
symbol
an act, sound, or object having cultural significance and the capacity to excite or objectify a response
Theodicy
explanation for evil in the world
Utopia
perfect world
verisimilitude
the appearance of truth and reality
white man's burden
civilizing the natives