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27 Cards in this Set

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infants
1 month to 1 yr
9.3
Neonates
birth to 1 month
9.3
Infants weight after birth
Usually lose 5% to 10% due to loss of fluid in the first week. Within the 2nd week infants normally gain the weight back. Doubles at 4 to 6 months. 3x birth weight by 1 yr.
9.3
Infants head account for ___ of their total body weight.
25%
9.3
Infants are primary ___________ for the first month of life.
"nose breathers"
9.4
Infants airway
Tongue is larger, airway is shorter, thus more likely to be obstructed.
9.4
barotraum
Injury resulting from pressures disequilibrium across body surfaces, IE too much pressure in the lungs.
9.15
Moro reflex
Startle reflex in infants, when they are caught off guard they open their arms, spread fingers, and seems to grab at something.
9.15
Palmar grasp
An infant reflex which occurs when something is placed in infant's palm and they grasp the object.
9.15
Rooting reflex
The infant reflex to turn their head toward the side of their cheek that was just touch.
9.15
sucking reflex
When infants lips are stroked they start to suck.
9.4
Sunken fontanelle most likely =
dehydration
9.4
Infants primary means of communication
crying
9.6
What do infants develop when rejected?
Rather than secure attachment, rejected infants develop anxious avoidant attachment developing isolated lifestyles where they do not have to depend on support or care of others.
9.7
Trust and mistrust stage
Birth to 18 months infants desires planned, organized, routine world to gain trust.
9.7
Todlers
1 to 3 yrs
preschoolers
3 to 6 yrs
school aged
6 to 12 years
early adults
19-40 years
middle adults
41-60 years
late adults
61yrs +
preconventional reasoning
Children act almost purely to avoid punishment and to get what they want.
9.9
conventional reasoning
Children look for approval from their peers and society.
9.9
postconventional reasoning
Children make decisions guided by their conscience.
9.9
The brain ______ as we age.
shrinks
9.12
Subdural hematoma
Head bleed, usually elderly may have head bleed due to brain hitting against skull bleeding into void.
9.12
Terminal drop hypothesis
The theory that a person's mental function declines in the last 5 yrs of life
9.15