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19 Cards in this Set

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A combination of general cognitive abilities that measure a student's potential for learning (such as an intelligence test or an IQ score) and achievement within specific content domains. Knowing this about the student helps us predict the optimal level of curriculum that will allow him or her to be successful.
academic aptitude
A process for identifying a child's strengths and weaknesses; it involves 5 steps: screening, diagnoisis, classification, placement, and monitoring or discharge.
assessment
Tools that enhance the functioning of persons with disabilities.
assistive technology
Measuring a child's ability by means of an in-class assignment.
authentic assessment
A social contact technique that brings together disabled and nondisabled children to discuss their likes and dislikes under the leadership of a facilitator.
circle of friends
The combination of forces in the child's environment that impact his or her development. This context inculdes the child's family, neighborhood, school, community, & even state & country.
context of the child
A range of personnel to provide needed specialized services such as speech, physical, or occupational therapy
continuum of services
Tests help educators understand how a student solves a problem by examining the strategies that he or she uses when learning. They help us determine why a child is struggling so that we can offer appropriate support or remediation.
diagnostic achievement tests
Those forces surrounding and impacting on the child from family, culture, peers, physical setting, etc.
ecology of the child
The process of bringing children with exceptionalitites into the regular classroom.
inclusion
A program written for every student receiving special education; it describes the child's current performance and goals for the school year, the particular special education services to be delivered, and the procedures by which outcomes are to be evaluated.
individualized education program (IEP)
It involves the computer & the related tools that support
& expand the computer's usefulness. It is developed primarily as a means to deliver content & instruction in an appropriate manner to exceptional children
Instructional technology
A substantial difference among
people along key dimensions of development.
interindividual difference
The educational setting in which a child with special needs can learn that is as close as possible to the general education classroom
least restrictive environment
A measure of the application of knowledge
performance assessment
An instructional setting to which an exceptional child comes for specific periods of time, usually on a regularly scheduled basis
resource room
Tests that measure the student's level of achievement compared with the achievement of students of similar age or grade.
Standard achievement tests (norm-referenced tests)
A movement that is based on the premise that all students should be held accountable to a high level of learning.
Standards movement
Programs that help exceptional students move from school to the world of work and community
transistion services