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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
3 OBJECTIVES OF FIRST AID
1.) SAVE LIFE
2.) PREVENT FURTHER INJURY
3.) PREVENT INFECTION
3 METHODS TO CONTROL BLEEDING
1.) DIRECT PRESSURE
2.) ELEVATION
3.) PRESSURE POINTS
LAST RESORT- TORNIQUET
11 PRINCIPAL PRESSURE POINTS
JAW, TEMPLE, COLLAR BONE, NECK, INNER UPPER ARM, INNER ELBOW, WRIST, UPPER THIGH, GROIN, KNEE, ANKLE
SYMPTOMS/TREATMENT FOR SHOCK
-DILATED PUPILS, SHALLOW BREATHING, PALE SKIN
-ELEVATE FEET, KEEP WARM, KEEP CALM
3 CLASSIFICATIONS OF BURNS
1ST-MILD REDNESS, WARMTH
2ND-BLISTERS, SEVERE PAIN
3RD-DESTROYED TISSUE, SKIN, BONES, NERVES
SYMPTOMS/TREATMENT FOR HEAT EXHAUSTION
DISTURBANCE OF BLOOD FLOW TO BRAIN (SWEATING) GET INTO AC, LOOSEN CLOTHES, SALT WATER
SYMPTOMS/TREATMENT FOR HEAT STROKE
UNABLE TO SWEAT, HEAT BUILD UP. DRY SKIN, WEAK RAPID PULSE. COLD PACKS, DOUSE BODY WITH COLD WATER
OPEN FRACTURE
VS CLOSED FRACTURE
CLOSED=SIMPLE, INTERNAL NO SKIN BREAK
OPEN=COMPOUND, WOUND BREAK THROUGH SKIN
ELECTRICAL SHOCK
-PERSONAL RESCUE
-TREATMENT
DO NOT TOUCH VICTIM, WIRE!!
CUT OFF POWER. CHECK PULSE, CPR, SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION
OBSTRUCTED AIRWAY
ASSESS THE SITUATION!
CLEAR MOUTH, GRIP WAIST, THUMBS BELOW RIB CAGE, 4 UPWARD THRUSTS
COLD WEATHER INJURIES
EFFECTS OF
HYPOTHERMIA
COOLING OF WHOLE BODY TEMP. PALE, SLOW SHALLOW BREATHING, WRAP IN BLANKETS, NO HOT DRINKS
COLD WEATHER INJURIES
EFFECTS OF
SUPERFICIAL FROSTBITE
ICE CRYSTALS FORM IN UPPER LAYERS OF SKIN AFTER EXPOSURE TO 32 DEGREES OR LOWER
COLD WEATHER INJURIES
EFFECTS OF
DEEP FROSTBITE
ICE CRYSTALS FORM IN DEEPER TISSUES, AFTER 32 DEGREES OR LOWER. PLACE IN WARM WATER, NEVER RUB. SEEK MEDICAL HELP