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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
List the six areas of Naval Doctrine.
1. Naval Warfare
2. Naval Intelligence
3. Maval Operations
4. Naval Logistics
5. Naval Planning
6. Naval Command & Control
Which area of Naval Doctrine describes inherent nature & enduring principles of naval forces?
Naval Warfare
Which area of Naval Doctrine points the way for intelligence support in meeting the requirements for both regional conflicts & operations other than war?
Naval Intelligence
Which area of Naval Doctrine develops doctrine to reaffirm the foundation of U.S. Navy
& Marine Corps expeditionary martime traditions?
Naval Operations
Which area of Naval Doctrine addresses the full range logistical capabilities that are essential in the support of naval forces?
Naval Logistics
Which area of Naval Doctrine examines force planning & the relationship between our capabilities & operational in the joint & multinational environment?
Naval Planning
Which area of Naval Doctrine provides the basic concepts to fulfill the information needs of commanders, forces & weapon systems?
Naval Command & Control
Discuss the following: Command & Control
Provides the basic concepts to fulfill the information needs of commanders, forces & weapon systems; is the flow of delegation or orders from the President of the U.S. to individual commands& is the process of filtering such tasks to ensure the mission of the Navy is complete.
Discuss the following: Naval Planning
Two types of Naval Planning: Force Planning (creation & maintenance of military capabilities)& Operational Planning (ensures the common understanding of the means to the objective & the relationship that bridges the Naval Command & Authorities).
Discuss the following: Naval Intelligence
The collection of knowledge of foreign & domestic operations that point the way for support in meeting the requirements of both regional conflicts & operations other than war.
State the seven principles of Naval Logistics.
1. Maintain lines of supply.
2. Continuously plan to support & maintain current & future fleet operations.
3. Maintain open channels of communication to allow for the coordination of fleet support units.
4. Devise multiple plans of replenishment for continued fleet readiness.
5. Control procurement & distibution of fleet support units.
6. Maintain admistrative control of all fleet support units.
7. Develop plans that provide for the expansion of fleet support capabilities.
What was the first ship named after an enlisted man?
Osmand Ingram (DD 255). It was launched 28 FEB 1919. Ingram was the first enlisted man killed in action in WWI, lost when the destroyer Cassin (DD 43) was torpedoed in OCT 1917.
Discuss the following military customs & courtesies: Hand Salute.
It's a symbol of respect & sign of comradeship among service personnel; a time-honored demonstration of courtesy among mil personnel & respresents mutual respect & pride in the service.
Discuss the following military customs & courtesies: Saluting the Ensign.
A time-honored symbol of showing respect for our freedom & liberties & the people who have lost their lives to ensure we have the same freedom as they did. Done when boarding on or leaving a Naval vessel.
Discuss the following military customs & courtesies: Dipping the Ensign.
Used by sea going vessels to formally recognize the U.S. Navy & Naval vessels ONLY return salute by lowering the national colors to half-mast for a few sec. at closest point of approach, then hauls it back up AFTER the merchant ship does theirs first. If no Ensign, then hoist colors up, dip for salute, back up again, then back down after a suitable interval.
Discuss the following military customs & courtesies: Gun salute.
Used to honor individuals, nations & certain national holidays. Fired only by ships & stations desingated by Sec of Navy prescribed by Navy Regs. Salutes are fired at 5 sec intervals & always in odd numbers. Hand salutes are rendered while ashore & on QD by personnel during gun salutes.
What's the prescribed gun salutes for the following: Washington's B-day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, President of U.S., heads of foreign states & naval officers.
21 guns = Washington's B-day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, in honor of President & heads of foreign states.
17 guns = Admirals; 15 = Vice Admirals; 13 = Rear Admirals; & 11 = Commodores.
What three classes of naval vessels existed at the inception of the Navy?
Ships-of-the-line, frigates & Sloops-of-war.
Describe the following class of naval vessel: Ships-of the Line.
- Battleships of the sailing days,
- the largest of all sailing warships,
- carried 64-100 guns of various sizes,
- Named such cause of how they fought "in the line".
Describe the following class of naval vessel: Frigates
- Cruisers of the 18th Century,
- Next in size, usually smaller than average ships-of-the-line & usually faster,
- carried 28-44 guns.
Describe the following class of vessel: Sloops-of-War.
- Small sailing ships of the early naval history,
- carried 10-20 guns.
Discuss the importance of the conflict as it relates to manual history: Battle of Coral Sea.
- 7-8 MAY 1942.
- Japanese planned to seize port Moresby on SW Coast of New Guinea.
- U.S. broke Japanese Navy code, met them w/ 2 carriers,
- 7 MAY, Japanese planes sunk 2 minor ships while U.S. planes sank 1 carrier,
- 8 MAY, both sides launched planes, it became the first carrier vs carrier battle,
- 1 JA carrier damaged, USS Lexington was sunk & USS Yorktown was damaged,
- Both sides withdrew, but became a strategic setback for JA who never again threatened Australia.
Discuss the importance of the conflict as it relates to manual history: Voyage of the Great White Fleet.
- In pre-WWI days, Navy carried out its role as a diplomatic arm of the government,
- 16 DEC 1907, the Great White Fleet left Hampton Roads, VA for a round-the-world cruise to show the flag.
- This exercise demontrated the strength of the U.S. Navy.
Discuss the importance of the conflict as it relates to manual history: Battle of Normandy.
- 6 JUN 1944, Navy's most notable Atlantic action - invasion of Normandy (the largest amphibious op in history),
- Minesweeping, shore-bombardment, amphibious ops, & transportation of supplies & troops were carried out,
- These operations enabled the allies to complete D-Day landings successfully & eventually push on to Germany.
Discuss the importance of the conflict as it relates to manual history: Midway.
- 3-5 JUN 1942, the turning point of the Pacific war.
- U.S. broke JA code,(again),
- Commanders-in-Chiefs involved were ADM Yamamoto & ADM Nimitz.
- 4 JA carriers & 11 battleships vs 3 U.S. carriers, (Yorktown, Enterprise & Hornet),
- U.S. planes eventually sunk 4 JA carriers, & JA planes sunk the Yorktown,
- In one day JA lost its bid for control of the Pacific.
Discuss the importance of the conflict as it relates to manual history: Guadalcanal.
- 13-15 NOV 1942, After 3 days of fighting, JA naval forces retreated & U.S. Marines secured island of Guadalcanal,
- The bloodiest & most costly battle in the Marine Corps history.
- USS Juneau was involved & JA lost 2 cruiser & 6 destroyers,
- 5 Sullivan brothers from Waterloo, Iowa refused to be separated & became crew members of USS Juneau,
- USS Juneau was damaged in a close-range nite encounter, then later torpedoed & Sullivan brothers along with 700 others were lost. Following this tragedy, Navy policy reinstated its policy about family member separation,
- A ship was later named in their honor.
Discuss the importance of the conflict as it relates to manual history: Battle of Leyte Gulf.
- 23 OCT 1944, final blow to JA navy,
- JA naval forces attempted to attack the U.S. fleet at Leyte Gulf, but plan backfired,
- Loss of the Philippines severed the JA empire & their homeland was cut off from its main source of supply from the south,
- This became the last time the battleships would ever again fight one another.
Discuss the conditions that led to the formation of the U.S. Navy.
- Mid 1700's, the King of England allowed colonies to trade, ONLY with England, which led to problems between colonists & England.
- English parliament passed the "taxation w/out representation" law, which affected the colonists,
- Colonists formed Committes of Correspondence to voice problems to England, which led to a Continental Congress to discuss these problems,
- 5 SEP 1774, first Congress met, statement of rights were made, & in OCT 1774, these rights were presented to the King of England.
- 10 MAY 1775, 2nd Continental Congress convene,
- 15 JUN 1775, Colonists appointed George Washington as C-I-C of the Continental American Army,
- Continental Congress felt forced to act as the provisional gov of the colonies, & created the Continental Navy.
- In order to survive British aggression, the colonies would have to control the seaways that led to America, & thus the U.S. Navy was born (13 OCT 1775),
- The 2nd Continental Congress authorized the purchas of 2 vessels,
- First C-I-C was Esek Hopkins, (put 1st squadron of the Continental Navy to sea in FEB 1776).
State the qualities that characterize the Navy/Marine Corps team as instruments to support national policies.
Readiness, flexibity, self-sustainability & mobility. They permit naval forces to be expeditionary, able to establish & maintain a forward-based stabilizing presence around the world,
- The U.S. Navy/Marine Corps team has several primary missions that help support national polices: From strategic deterence to sea control to sustainable amphibious assault & naval bombardment, naval presence has always been a key factor in preventing aggression from belligerent countries. Only thru the joint efforts of the U.S. Navy/Marine Corps can such goals as freedom & peace be achieved.
State the three levels of war.
The"levels of War" help place in perspective the causes & effects of our specific objectives, plannings & actions.
- Tactical (involves the details of individual engagements),
- Operational (concerns forces collectively in a theater),
- Strategic (focuses on supporting national goals).
State the mission of Naval Logistics.
The basic mission of naval logistics is support the fleet. This support consists of at-sea replenishment, consumable material, ordnance, repair parts & equipment.
- Logistic support system has two major components: fleet-based sustainment assets & strategic sustainment assets.
State the importance of planning to Naval Operations.
The importance of planning is to ensure that the Navy's mission can be carried out properly & efficiently. A plan is prepared is using either the joint deliberate-planning or crisis-action procedures. From ship movement to supplying the fleet require proper planning maximizing effectiveness as well as safety for the crews involved. Elements of planning produce a concept of operations based on the commander's estimate, courses of action, situation analysis, execution strategy,. & intent.