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60 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is Earth's orbital revolution around the sun?
It travels 107,280 km/hr (66660 m/h), and complete's one full revolution in 365.2422 days.
Turning on it's axis; takes slightly less than 24 hours.
Tilts 23.5 degrees from a perpendicular to the plane of the ecliptic
Axial tilt
The point of Earth's greatest distance from the Sun in its elliptical orbit;
Aphelion: does this over 100,000 year cycle, July 4
That point of Earth's closest approach to the Sun in its elliptical orbit
Perihelion; 100,000 year cycle, Jan 3.
What are the Jovian planets?
Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Jupiter
What are the terrestial planets?
Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars
A specific event in earth's magnetic field history
Confirms the relationship of tempreature and relative humidity by time of day confirms the relationship of tempreature and relative humitdity
seasonal variation
The time when the sun's declination is at the Tropic of cancer
Summer solstice June 20-21 each year at 23.5 degrees N lat.,
The time when the sin's declination crosses the equitorial parallel and all places on Earth experience days and nights of equal legnth
autumnal equinox around sept 22-23,0 degrees lat
The time when the sun's declination is at the Tropic of Capricorn
Winter solstice, dec 21-22 23.5 degrees lat
The time when the sun's declination crosses the equitorial parallel and all places on Earth experience days and nights of equal length
vernal equinox
What maps were first based on
geographic grid
An angular distance north or south of the equator
An angular distance east or west of a point on Earth's surface
What degree is the arctic circle at?
66.5 degrees N lat
Marks the place where each day officially begins.
The international date line
the 180 degree line on the other side of the earth
the international date line
What degree is the tropic of cancer located at?
23.5 degrees N lat
What degree is the tropic of Capricorn at?
23.5 Degrees S lat
What degree is the antarctic circle at?
66.5 degrees s lat
What are the degrees of the south pole?
90 degrees s lat
Is located in Greenwich, England
Prime meridian, 180 degrees long
name the 3 different map projections
cylindrical, conic, planar
Which type of map is used for US navigation
A computer based data-processing tool for gathering, manipulating, and analyzing geographic info.
GIS- Geographic information system
Who is in charge of building and maintaining a bold new national map?
A map that portrays physical relief through the use of elevation contour lines that connect all points at the same elevation above or below a vertical datum, such as mean sea level.
Topographic map
The ratio of the distance on a map to that in the real world; expressed as a representative fraction, graphic scale, or written scale?
map scale
The point at which Earth rotates
True North
The point at which your compass points to
magnetic north
map north
Grid north
Title, date, legend, catographer, scale, map projection, orientation, grid
map essentials
Information acquired from a distance, without physical contact with the subject; for example, photography, orbital imagery or radar
remote sensing
instrument that reads radio signals from satellites
The world's first universal time system
GMT (Greenwich Mean Time)
The moment in the day that divides daylight hours in half
Solar noon
Coordinated Universal Time
Zulu time
Satellite laser ranging
Automatic Identifacation System
Name the 8 controls of global weather and climate
LACE MOPS: Lattitude, air masses, continentality, Elevation, Mountain barriers, ocean currents, pressure systems, and storm tracks.
Effect the distribution of precipitation and temperature
Air masses
Have avalible mositure, instability, and humbidity.
As it increases, temp decreases.
Warm drier condititons on the lowered side of the mountain
areas of high pressure caused by the downward force of gravity.
air pressure
Name the gases that make up the atmosphere: now cat
nitrogen, oxygen, water vapor, carbon dioxide, argon, trace gases
What does CFCs stand for?
How may CFCs in 1987
1.3 million
Solar radistion that is incomming to Earth's systems
How much sun reaches earth and how much is retained?
47%-earth, 19% retained
Horizontal transfer of energy over the earth
Transfer of heat from one place to another through the physical movement of air
The slow molecule to molecule transfer of heat through a medium
Heat stored in one of the three states: ice, water, or vapor
latent heat
Name the 8 factors in local temp change: Wade ICA
w-ind patterns
d-differential heating
e-nviornmental lapse rate
c-loud cover
a-dia lactic lapse rate
Name the percentage of atmospheric gases:
An isoline connecting all points of equal tempreature
The rate of increase in temperature per unit depth in the Earth.
thermal gradient