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61 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Additive Effect
Both affect an indicator the same way
Afferent Nerves
Sensory Nerves
Antagonistic Effect
2 drugs affect an indicator in opposite ways
Types of autonomic nerves
Sympathetic and Parasympathetic
Axon
The part of a neuron that sends out a neurotransmitter
Bradycardia
Abnormally slow heart rate
Dendrite
The part of a neuron that receives a neurotransmitter
Diastolic
The lower value of blood pressure
Drug
Any substance that ca impair the ability of a person to operate a motor vehicle
Efferent Nerves
Motor Nerves
Hypoglacemia
An abnormal decrease of blood sugar levels
Integumentary system
The skin, hair and nails
Miosis
Abnormally constricted pupils
Mydriasis
Abnormally dilated pupils
Null Effect
Neither drug affects an indicator
Overlapping Effect
One drug affects the indicator the other one doesn't
Parasympathetic Nerve
Sends at ease commands, tells body to relax
Parasympathomimetic Drugs
Artificially cause transmission of at ease commands
Piloerection
Hair standing up, goosebumps. Symptom of LSD
Psychotogenetic
Persons who are under the influence become insane and remain so after drug wears off
Psychotomimetic
Persons look andact insane while under the influence
Sympathetic Nerve
Autonomic nerve that commands the body to react to stress, fear etc
Sympathomimetic Drugs
Drugs that artificially cause the transmission transmission of "stress" messages
Systolic
Highest value of blood pressure
Pylorus Valve
Bottom of stomach, closes for digestion
DUI Detection Phases
Vehicle in Motion
Personal Contact
Pre-Arrest Screening
3 Validated FST'S
HGN - 4/6 77%
WAT - 2/8 68%
OLS - 2/4 65%
HGN+WAT - 80%
Optokinetic Nystagmus
Caused by busy backgroud - traffic, rotators etc
Scientific validation of HGN
State of AZ vs. Blake
DRE SFST's
Romberg
Walk and Turn
One Leg Stand
Finger to Nose
Ptosis
Droopy Eyelids
Vesicles
Store Neurotransmitters
Ten Systems of Human Physiology
Muscular
Urinary
Respiratory
Digestive
Endocrine
Reproductive
Skeletal
Integumentary
Nervous
Circulatory
Pulmonary Artery
The only artery carrying de-oxigenated blood
Pulmonary Vein
The only vein carrying oxygenated blood
The first Depressant made
Chloral Hydrate - Mickey Finn, Knockout Drops
Six Major Categories of Depressants
Barbiturates
Non-Barbiturates
Anti-Depressants
Anti-Anxiety Tranquilizers
Anty-Psychotic Tranquilizers
Combinations of Above
Secobarbital
Barbiturate, Seconal
Xanax
Alprazolam, Anti-Anxiety Tranquilizer
Prozac
Fluoxetine, Anti Depressant
Haldol
Haloperidol, Anty-Psychotic Tranquilizer
Thorazine
Chlorpromazine, Anti Psychotic Tranquilizer
Ultra Short CNS Depressant
Takes effect in seconds, lasts a few minutes. Thiopental Sodium
Short CNS Depressant
Takes effect within 10-15 minutes, lasts 4 hours. Secobarbital
Intermediate CNS Depressant
Takes effect in 30 minutes, lasts 6-8 hours. Amobarbital
Short + Intermediate CNS Depressant
Amosecobarbital - Tuinal
Long CNS Depressant
1 hour to take effect, lasts 8-14 hours. Barbital
CNS Depressants that dilate pupils
Methaqualone and Soma
Major categories of CNS Stimulants
Cocaine
Amphetamines
Others
Pharmaceutical Amphetamines
Dexedrine
Benzedrine
Biphetamine
Desoxyn
Two most common illicit amphetamines
Methamphetamine
Amphetamine Sulfate
Other CNS Stimulants
(non-cocaine, non-amphetamine)
Ritalin
Preludin
Cylert
Stimulant with anesthetic effect
Cocaine
Smoked cocaine
Immediate rush
Effects felt for 5-10 minutes
Injected cocaine
Very intense onset in a few seconds
Effects continue 45-90 minutes
Snorted cocaine
Onset 30 seconds, less intense
Effects continue for 30-90 minutes
Orally taken cocaine
Onset in 3-5 minutes, less intense
Lasts 15-30 minutes longer than otherwise
Smoked Methamphetamine
Rapid intense rush, lasts several hours (8)
Injected Methamphetamine
Intense rush within a few seconds, rush lasts 5-30 seconds
High for 4-8 hours
Orally taken meth
Onset delayed, rush less intense
Depressants that elevate pulse rate
Quaaludes, ETOH