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100 Cards in this Set

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Bolus of food through the mouth
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine
mouth
breaks food apart with teeth - moistens and lubricates food w/ saliva food forms bolus
pharynx
muscular contractions move bolus into esophagus
stomach
reduces bolus to a digestible state; converts it to semi liquid state
small intestine
digestion and absorption
large intestine
removes water from fecal material, stores and eliminates waste.
an/orexia
lack of appetite
an
lack of
-orexia
appetite
bulimia
eating disorder - binging w/ or w/out self-induced vomiting
chol/e/cys/ectomy
removal of gallbladder
chol/e
gall/bile
cys
bladder
-ectomy
removal
cirrh/osis
chronic degenerative liver disease
cirrh
orange-yellow
-osis
condition of
colon/o/scopy
examination of the upper portion of the colon
colon/o
colon
-scopy
to view/examine
col/o/stomy
new opening into the colon
col/o
colon
-stomy
new opening
defecat/ion
evacuation of the bowel
defecat/
remove dregs
-ion
process
deglutition
act or process of swollowing
dia/rrhea
unformed loose water stool
dia/
through
-rrhea
flow/discharge
diverticul/itis
inflammation of the diverticula in the colon
diverticul/
diverticula
-itis
inflammation
dys/enter/y
an intestinal disease characterized my inflammation of the mucous membrane
dys/
difficult
enter/
intestine
-y
pertaining to
dys/pepsia
difficult digestion
dys/
difficult
-pepsia
to digest
dys/phagia
difficult eating/swollowin
dys/
difficult
-phagia
to eat
eme/sis
vomiting
eme/
to vomit
-sis
condition of
eructat/ion
belching
eructat/
a breaking out
-ion
process
feces
body waste expelled from the bowels
flatus
gas in the stomach or intestine
gastroesophageal reflux
stomachs contents back up due to weakened muscle between the esophagus and stomach
GERD
gastroesophageal reflux
gingiv/itis
inflammation of the gums
gingiv/
gums
-itis
inflammation
halit/osis
bad breath
halit/
breath
-osis
condition of
hemat/emesis
vomiting blood
hemat/
blood
-emesis
vomiting
hemorrh/oid
painful swollen veins in the anorectum
hemorrh/
liable to bleed
-oid
resemble
hepat/itis
inflammation of the liver
hepat/
liver
-itis
inflammation
hepat/oma
tumor in the liver
hepat/
liver
-oma
tumor
hyper/emesis
excessive vomiting
hyper/
excessive
-emesis
vomiting
Irritable bowel syndrome
disorder that interferes with normal large intestine function
IBS
Irritable bowel syndrome
masticat/ion
chewing
masticat/
to chew
-ion
process
melena
black feces (intestinal juices acting on blood)
peri/stalsis
involuntary contraction that occurs in body's hollow tubes
peri/
around
-stalsis
contraction
post/prand/i/al
pertaining to after a meal
post/
after
prand/i
meal
-al
pertaining to
proct/o/scope
instrument used for viewing the anus and rectum
prot/o
rectum
-scope
instrument
sigmoid/o/scope
an instrument used to view the sigmoid
sigmoid/o
sigmoid
-scope
intrument
splen/o/megaly
enlargement of the spleen
splen/o
spleen
-megaly
enlargement/large
volvul/us
twisting of the bowel causing an obstruction
volvul
to roll
-us
pertaining to
vomit
to empty the stomach contents throu the mouth