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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
adolescent-limited offenders
Juveniles whose law-breaking behavior restricted to their teenage years.
age-crime curve
Crime rates increase during preadolescence, peak in middle adolescence, and steadily decline thereafter.
aging-out phenomenon
The gradual decline of participation in crime after the teenage years.
chronic offenders
Juveniles who continue to engage in law-breaking behavior as adults.
continuity of crime
The idea that chronic offenders are unlikely to age-out of crime and more likely to continue their law-violating behavior into their adult lives.
Crime Index
A statistical indicator consisting of eight offenses used to gauge the amount of crime reported to the police. It was discontinued in 2004.
crimes of interest
The crimes that are the focus of the National Crime Victimization Survey.
dark figure of crime
The gap between the actual amount of crime committed and crime reported to the police.
ecological fallacy
The mistake of assuming relationships found at the neighborhood level mean those factors are related at the individual level.
falsely accused
Juveniles who are thought to have committed a crime when they have not.
hierarchy rule
In the Uniform Crime Reports, the police record only the most serious crime incident.
The number of delinquent acts committed.
Persons under age 18.
National Crime Victimization Survey
An annual nationwide survey of criminal victimization conducted by the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
National Opinion Research Center
Conducted the first nationwide victimization survey.
National Youth Survey
Nationwide self-report survey of approximately 1,700 people who were between the ages of 11 and 17 in 1976.
The number of juveniles committing delinquency.
racial profiling
A practice where police use race as an explicit factor in profiles for guiding their decision making.
secret delinquents
Juveniles whose crimes are not known to the police.
self-report studies
Unofficial measures of crime in which juveniles are asked about their law-breaking behavior.
status offense
An act illegal only for children, such as truancy.
Uniform Crime Reports
Annual publication from the Federal Bureau of Investigation presenting data on crimes reported to the police, number of arrests, and number of persons arrested.
victimization survey
A method of producing crime data in which people are asked about their experiences as crime victims.