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30 Cards in this Set

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Six types of assets:
1. Talents and skills of people
2. Community groups and networks
3. Government and non-government agencies
4. Physical assets (land, buildings, etc)
5. Economic assets (productive work, consumer buying power, local business power, etc)
3 steps to ABCD:
1. Find assets and show them to people
2. Connect the assets
3. Harness the assets into a compelling vision for the future
Three types of communities:
1. Communities of interest
2. Communities of ascribed characteristics
3. Communities of proximity
The Jane Addams-related equation for social change:
historical moment + misfit person = social invention
Leadership Council for Metropolitan Open Communities
founded with Dr. King under the Civil Rights movement; fights for racially and economically diverse communities and fair housing; example of how King acted (Alinsky) and also how he left some infrastructure
ACORN
Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now, nation's largest community organization of low- and moderate-income families, successful campaigns for better housing, schools, neighborhood safety, health care, job conditions, and more
Mrs. Edna Johnson
teacher from the South Bronx who was a community organizer and got former gang members trained to fix up abandoned buildings
native leadership
Saul Alinsky; leaders of CDCs need to be from that community
ABCD
involves mapping a community for individual gifts, including physical assets, institutional/government assets, human capital, associations and institutions, etc. (You could argue that King, Addams, and Alinsky were asset-based, but remember that they were precursors to ABCD because they came around before the term ABCD was formalized.)
Redlining
when banks and real estate agencies drew a red line on a map around a community and then refused to give loans to anyone within that boundary.
Blockbusting
producing white flight by telling people the neighborhood is going to change in order to get people to sell their homes low, and then turn around and sell those homes to black people for much higher prices
Panic peddling
part of blockbusting; instilling fear in order to get people to sell
Arson-for-profit
landlords would set homes on fire to make money off the insurance and get people out in order to gentrify the area
Gentrification
a process of wealthier people moving into redeveloped poorer areas and weeding out low-income people, coupled with bigger businesses
People's Organization
a local community action group that unifies to address a specific problem (associated with Alinsky)
DSNI
Dudley Street Neighborhood Initiative. The DSNI took over eminent domain in their community
Eminent domain
city buys land and redevelops it for the community
Disinvestment
white businesses following white people out of neighborhoods and into the suburbs
Social capital
either individuals or groups connect with each other for economic gain. A good way of thinking about social capital is getting a job and networking to get it.
Urban renewal
planners come in to a neighborhood and tell people what they will build. Big urban renewal projects in the Streets of Hope movie was cleaning up vacant lots and creating affordable housing
IAF
Industrial Areas Foundation, founded by Alinsky and created networks of community organizations
CDC
Community Development Corporation; Non-profit groups accountable to local residents that engage in a wide range of physical, economic and human development activities. CDCs rebuild their communities through housing, commercial, job development and other activities. A CDC’s mission is normally focused on serving the local needs of low- or moderate-income households. Resident control usually takes the form of board representation.
Bethel New Life
worked on education reform, bought buildings and created affordable housing. Realized that all these issues are connected, and created a holistic, faith-based report.
Madeleine Talbot
rep from ACORN
East Brooklyn Churches
creator of the Nehemiah program, a city-sponsored moderate-income, single-family housing ownership program; organized by Alinsky and the IAF
Community Reinvestment Act
forcing banks to give loans in the communities that they were a part of
Steering
when real estate agents would only show certain houses
Sweat equity
the contribution made to a project by people who contribute their time and effort
Brownfields
abandoned, idled, or under-used industrial and commercial facilities where expansion or redevelopment is complicated by real or perceived environmental contaminations
Restrictive covenant
an obligation imposed in a deed that someone can only sell their house to certain people