Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
pre-interaction awareness stage
becoming aware of one's attraction to another person; observing that person but not actually interacting
initiation stage
the first actual contact with a person with whom one desires a relationship; usually characterized by asking and answering questions
exploration stage
stage that involves more in-depth interactions
intensification stage
stage in which partners begin to depend on each other for self-confirmation; characterized by increased shared activities, more time spent together, more intimate physical distance and contact, and personalized language
intimacy stage
stage in which partners provide primary confirmation of each other's self-concept; characterized by highly personalized and synchronized verbal and nonverbal communication
turmoil and stagnation stage
stage characterized by increased conflict, less mutual acceptance, a tense communication climate, an unclear relationship definition, and taking for granted one's partner
de-intensification stage
stage involving significantly decreased interaction, increased distance, and decreased dependence on one's partner for self-confirmation
individualization stage
stage in which partners define their lives more as individuals and less as a couple
separation stage
individuals make an intentional decision to minimize or eliminate further interpersonal interaction
post-interaction stage
the bottom of the final level in relational de-escalation, which represents the lasting effects of a relationship on the self
interpersonal conflict
a struggle that occurs when two people cannot agree on a way to meet their needs
constructive conflict
conflict characterized by cooperation in dealing with differences; helps build new insights and patterns in a relationship
destructive conflict
conflict characterized by a lack of cooperation in dealing with differences; dismantles relationships without restoring them
interpersonal power
the ability to influence another in the direction one desires; gettig another person to do what one wants
complementary relationship
a relationship in which one partner willingly and continuously cedes power to the other
symmetrical relationship
a relationship characterized by similar control behaviors in partners; partners compete to dominate each other or both relinquish control to the other to avoid making decisions
parallel relationship
a relationship in which power is shifted from one partner to the other
assertive communication
communication that takes a listener's feelings and rights into account
aggressive communication
self-serving communication that does not take a listener's feelings and rights into account
nonconfrontational style
a conflict management style of backing off, avoiding conflict, or giving in to the other person
confrontational style
a win-lose approach to conflict management in which one wants control and to win at the expense of others
cooperative style
a conflict management style in which conflict is viewed as a set of problems to be solved, rather than a competition in which one person wins and another loses