Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/66

Click to flip

66 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
On the high seas & in all waters connected & navigable by seagoing vessels ALL VESSELS ARE SUBJECT TO:
International Regulations for Avoiding Collisions at Sea
Rule 1
Colregs General Rule 1 Application

THE RULES APPLY TO?
RULES SHALL apply to ALL vessels on the high seas and in ALL waters connected that are navigable by seagoing vessels
Colregs General Rule 1
Application

SPECIAL RULES conform?
SPECIAL RULES shall conform as closely as possible to these Rules.
Colregs General Rule 2
Responsibility

WHO IS RESPONSIBLE?
Nothing in the Rules shall exonerate any vessel, or the owner, master, or crew from the consequences of any neglect to comply with the Rules
Colregs General Rule 2
Responsibility

Is departure from the rules allowed? Why?
A departure from the Rules is allowed if necessary to avoid immediate danger.
Colregs General Rule 3 Definitions

Define VESSEL
ANY watercraft, including non-displacement craft,seaplanes, used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on water.
ColRegs Rule 3 Definitions

Define POWER DRIVEN VESSEL
means ANY VESSEL propelled by machinery
ColRegs Rule 3 Definitions

Define SAILING VESSEL
SAILING VESSEL means any vessel under sail provided that propelling machinery, if fitted, is not being used.
ColRegs Rule 3 Definitions

Define
VESSEL ENGAGED IN FISHING
ANY VESSEL FISHING with NETS, lines, trawls, or other fishing apparatus which restrict maneuverability
ColRegs Rule 3 Definitions

Define SEAPLANE
any aircraft designed to maneuver on the water
ColRegs Rule 3 Definitions

Define
VESSEL NOT UNDER COMMAND
ANY vessel which is unable to maneuver as required by these Rules and unable to keep out of the way of another vessel.
ColRegs Rule 3 Definitions

Define VESSEL RESTRICTED IN ABILITY TO MANEUVER
A vessel which from the nature of her work is restricted in her ability to maneuver as required by these Rules and is unable to keep out of the way of another vessel
ColRegs Rule 3 Definitions

A vessel engaged in laying, servicing, or picking up a navigational mark, submarine cable or pipeline.
IS A VESSEL RESTRICTED IN ABILITY TO MANEUVER
ColRegs Rule 3 Definitions

Define vessel engaged in dredging, surveying or underwater operations
IS A VESSEL RESTRICTED IN ABILITY TO MANEUVER
ColRegs Rule 3 Definitions

A vessel launching or recovery of aircraft
IS A VESSEL RESTRICTED IN ABILITY TO MANEUVER
ColRegs Rule 3 Definitions

A vessel engaged in mineclearance operations
IS A VESSEL RESTRICTED IN ABILITY TO MANEUVER
ColRegs Rule 3 DEFINITIONS

A vessel engaged in transferring persons, provisions or cargo while underway
Is a
"VESSEL RESTRICTED IN HER ABILITY TO MANEUVER
ColRegs Rule 3 DEFINITIONS

A tow vessel and tow that is severely restricted in their ability to deviate from course
Is a
"VESSEL RESTRICTED IN HER ABILITY TO MANEUVER
ColRegs Rule 3 DEFINITIONS

Define "UNDERWAY"
A vessel is not at anchor, or made fast to the shore, or aground.
ColRegs Rule 3 DEFINITIONS

LENGTH and BREATH
A vessels overall length and greatest breadth
ColRegs Rule 3 DEFINITIONS

Define "IN SIGHT"
only when one vessel can be observed visually from the other
ColRegs Rule 3 DEFINITIONS

Define
"RESTRICTED VISIBILITY"
any condition in which visibility is restricted by fog, mist, falling snow, heavy rainstorms, sandstorms or other similar causes
ColRegs Rule 4 APPLICATION See

TO WHAT DOES RULE 4 APPLY
Rules in this section apply to any condition of
VISIBILITY
ColRegs Rule 5 LOOKOUT

When is a LOOKOUT required?
Every vessel shall at ALL TIMES maintain a proper look-out
ColRegs Rule 5 LOOKOUT

What is a the purpose of a LOOKOUT?
TO AVOID COLLISIONS
ColRegs Rule 5 LOOKOUT

Define "ALL AVAILABLE MEANS"
EYEBALLS and EARS as well as Binoculars, Radar, VHF and RADAR even during daylight.
ColRegs Rule 5 LOOKOUT

Is a Singlehander responsible for LOOKOUT?
YES See ColREG Rule 2 RESPONSIBILITY Nothing in the Rules shall exonerate any vessel or owner from the consequenses of neglect.
ColRegs Rule 5 LOOKOUT

Does Radar replace visual LOOKOUT?
RADAR Supplements but does NOT replace a VISUAL LOOKOUT.
ColRegs Rule 5 LOOKOUT

What is the job of the LOOKOUT?
The lookout must devote his or her entire attention to the job of looking out for OTHER BOATS.
ColRegs Rule 5 LOOKOUT

CAN a single individual steer, navigate and keep the lookout all at the same time?
It has been ruled that it is improper for an individual to steer, navigate and keep lookout.
ColRegs Rule 6 SAFE SPEED

10 FACTORS DETERMINING SAFE SPEED for ALL VESSELS ARE?
BACKGROUND LIGHTS
VISIBILITY CONDITIONS
DEPTH and DRAFT
TRAFFIC INTENSITY
MANEUVERABILITY
WIND, WEATHER, SEA & CURRENT
RADAR LIMITs
NAVIGATION HAZARDS
ColRegs Rule 6 SAFE SPEED

Who must take into account SAFE SPEED?
ALL VESSELS
ColRegs Rule 6 SAFE SPEED
FACTORS DETERMINING SAFE SPEED

Define "BACKGROUND LIGHTS".
At night the presence of background light such as shore lights or back scatter from her own lights
ColRegs Rule 6 SAFE SPEED

6 FACTORS DETERMINING SAFE SPEED for VESSELS with RADAR
ICE
RADAR LIMITS, RADAR RANGE SCALE RESTRAINTS
UNDETECTED VESSELS,
EFFECTS OF SEA STATE,
WEATHER
EXACT ASSESSMENT OF VISIBILITY
VESSEL NUMBER,LOCATION,MOVEMENT
ColRegs Rule 6 SAFE SPEED

USE of RADAR ALLOWS and INCREASE in SAFE SPEED?
IT WOULD BE FOOLISH TO EQUATE SAFE SPEED using RADAR to SAFE SPEED with UNLIMITED VISIBILITY.
ColRegs Rule 6 SAFE SPEED

Define "AMONG THOSE"
AMONG THOSE means that the list is not considered to be complete.
ColRegs-Rule 7
RISK OF COLLISION

Define "ALL AVAILABLE MEANS"
Assess risk of collision by taking and plotting compass bearings in clear visibility and radar when visibility is limited. NOT LIKELY BUT POSSIBLE
ColRegs-Rule 7
RISK OF COLLISION

1)In determining if RISK OF COLLISION exists you SHALL take into account that
RISK is DEEMED TO EXIST if heading of approching vessel does not change or alter course or speed.
ColRegs-Rule 7
RISK OF COLLISION

2)In determining if RISK OF COLLISION exists you SHALL take into account that
when an appreciable bearing change is evident, particularly when approaching a very large vessel or tow at close range
ColRegs-Rule 7
RISK OF COLLISION

ASSUMPTIONS SHALL NOT BE MADE BASED ON?
SCANTY INFORMATION particularly SCANTY RADAR INFORMATION
ColRegs-Rule 7
RISK OF COLLISION

If there is any doubt of risk of collision?
IT IS DEEMED TO EXIST

NOT likely BUT POSSIBLE
ColRegs-Rule 7
RISK OF COLLISION

The RISK OF COLLISION IS DEEMED TO EXIST IF
The compass heading of an approching vessel does not appreciably change.
ColRegs-Rule 7
RISK OF COLLISION

NEVER ASSUME
a vessel whose course seems unthreatening won't suddenly change it, presenting RISK OF COLLISION
ColRegs-Rule 8
ACTION TO AVOID COLLISION

Any action taken to avoid collision shall
be positive, made in ample time and with due regard to the observance of good seamanship.
ColRegs-Rule 8
ACTION TO AVOID COLLISION

Any alteration of course and/or speed to avoid collision shall
be large enough to be readily apparent to another vessel observing visually or by radar
ColRegs-Rule 8
ACTION TO AVOID COLLISION

In ALTERING COURSE to AVOID COLLISION
a succession of small alterations of course and or speed shall be avoided.
ColRegs-Rule 8
ACTION TO AVOID COLLISION

In ALTERING COURSE to AVOID COLLISION
a succession of small alterations of course and or speed shall be avoided.
ColRegs-Rule 8
ACTION TO AVOID COLLISION

If there is sufficient sea room to AVOID COLLISION
alteration of course may be the most effective action to avoid a close-quarters situation if made in good time, is substantial and does not result in another close-quarters situation.
ColRegs-Rule 8
ACTION TO AVOID COLLISION

Action taken to avoid collision with another vessel shall be such
to result in passing at a safe distance. The effectiveness of the action shall be carefully checked until the other vessel is past and clear.
ColRegs-Rule 8
ACTION TO AVOID COLLISION

If NECESSARY TO AVOID COLLISION or allow more time to assess the situation
a vessel may slacken her speed or take all way off by stopping or reversing her means of propulsion
ColRegs-Rule 8
ACTION TO AVOID COLLISION

To allow sufficient sea room for the safe passage of other vessels
is required not to impede the passage or safe passage of another vessel shall when required by the circumstances of the case, take early action
ColRegs-Rule 8
ACTION TO AVOID COLLISION

A vessel required not to impede the safe passage of another vessel is not relieved of this obligation
if approaching the other vessel that might involve risk of collision and shall, when taking action, have full regard to the action which may be required by the rules.
ColRegs-Rule 8
ACTION TO AVOID COLLISION

A vessel, the passage of which is not to be impeded remains
fully obliged to comply with the rules when the two vessels are approaching one another that might involve risk of collision.
ColRegs-Rule 9
NARROW CHANNELS

A vessel proceeding along the course of a narrow channel or fairway shall
keep as near to the outer limit of the channel or fairway which lies on her starboard side as is safe and practicable.
ColRegs-Rule 9
NARROW CHANNELS

A vessel of less than 20 meters in length or a sailing vessel shall not
not impede the passage of a vessel which can safely navigate only within a narrow channel
ColRegs-Rule 9
NARROW CHANNELS

A vessel engaged in fishing shall
not impede the passage of any other vessel navigating within a narrow passage.
ColRegs Rule 9 NARROW CHANNELS

A vessel shall not cross a narrow passage or fairway if such crossing impedes
the passage of a vessel which can safely navigate only within the channel or fairway
ColRegs Rule 9 NARROW CHANNELS

If a vessel is in doubt as to the intention of the vessel crossing a narrow passage it can
may use the sound signal prescribed in Rule 34(d)
Five short rapid blasts on the whistle or light signal of five short rapid flashes.
ColRegs Rule 9 NARROW CHANNELS

In a narrow channel or fairway the vessel intending to overtake shall
indicate her intention by sounding the appropriate signal prescribed in Rule 34(c)(i). Two prolonged blasts followed by one short pass STBD Two prolonged two short pass port
ColRegs Rule 9 NARROW CHANNELS

A vessel nearing a bend or an area of a narrow channel where other vessels may be obscured
shall navigate with particular alertness and caution and shall sound the appropriate signal prescribed in Rule 34(e). One prolonged whistle blast
ColRegs Rule 9 NARROW CHANNELS

ANY VESSEL MAY ANCHOR IN A NARROW CHANNEL True/False
False
Any vessel SHALL if the circumstances of the case admit, avoid anchoring in a narrow channel.
ColRegs Rule 10
TRAFFIC SEPARATION

1)A vessel using a traffic separation scheme shall:
Proceed in the appropriate traffic lane in the general direction of traffic flow for that lane.
ColRegs Rule 10
TRAFFIC SEPARATION

2) A vessel using a traffic separation scheme shall:
So far as is practicable KEEP CLEAR of a traffic separation line or separation zone.
ColRegs Rule 10
TRAFFIC SEPARATION

3) A vessel using a traffic separation scheme shall:
Normally join or leave a traffic lane at the termination of the lane, but when joining or leaving from either side shall do so at as small an angle to the general direction of traffic flow as practicable.
ColRegs Rule 10
TRAFFIC SEPARATION

A vessel using a traffic separation scheme shall avoid:
crossing traffic lanes, but if obliged to do so shall cross on a heading as nearly as practicable at right angles to the general direction of traffic flow.
ColRegs Rule 10
TRAFFIC SEPARATION

A vessel, shall not normally enter a separation zone or cross a separation line except:
in an emergency to avoid immediate danger.

to engage in fishing within a separation zoneavoid immediate danger.