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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Molecule formed from the breaking off of a phosphate group for ATP
energy-storing molecule in cells composed of an adenosine molecule, a ribose sugar and three phosphate groups
series of reactions during the light-independent phase of photosynthesis in which simple sugars are formed from carbon dioxide using ATP and hydrogen from the eight-dependent reactions
Calvin Cycle
Light-absorbing pigment in plants and some protists that is required for photosynthesis
series of proteins embeded in a membrane along which energized electrons are transported
Electron Transport Chain
phase of photosynthesis where light energy is converted to chemical energy in the form of ATP
LIght-Dependent Reactions
Phase of Photosynthesis where energy from eight-dependent reactions is used to produce glucose and additonal ATP molecules
Light-Independent Reactions
electron carrier molecule
Reaction taking place in the thylakoid membranes of a chloroplast during light-dependent reactions where two molecules of water are split is form oxygen, hydrogen ions, and electrons
Process by which autotrophs, such as algal and plants, trap energy from sunlight with chlorophyll and use this energy to convert carbon dioxide and water into simple sugars
Molecules that absorb specific wavelengths of sunlight
Chemical reactions that require the presence of oxygen
Anaerobic process in which cells convert pyruvic acid into carbon dioxide and ethyl alchol
Alcholic Fermentation
Chemical reactions that do not require the presence of oxygen
Chemical process where mitochondria break down food molecules to produce ATP
Cellular Respiration
In Cellular Respiration, series of anaerobic chemical reactions in the cytoplasm that breaks down glucose into pyrovic acid
In cellular respiration, series of chemical reactions that break down glucose and produce ATP
Citric Acid Cycle
Series of anaerobic chemical reactions in which pyruvic acid uses NADH to form lactic acid and NAD+, which is then used in glycolysis
Lactic Acid Fermentation