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83 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anarobic breakdown of cluecose is called?
Glycolosis
During glycolosis what is the net get of ATP molecules?
2
The metabolic breakdown of one molecules of gluecose harvest the greatest amount of energy during ______ electron cycle
find out
What event occurs in the cytolosis?
Glycosis
Name the 2 electron cariier molecules?
1. NADH
2.FADH2
chemiosmosis in the mitocondria produces?
ATP
What happens to carbon atoms when 3 carbons pyrubate is oxidized?
Give off CO2
The final electron acceptor is cellular resperation is?
oxygen
How are hydrogen ions moved from inner compartments in the inner compartments during cemeosmosis
Active transport
How do hydrogen atoms leave the outer compartment to the inner caprtment during ATP synthesis
Phisilated diffusion
Aerobic resperation is composed in the______?
Mitocondria
What is the totla ATP produced in cellular resperation?
36
DNA Controls the life of a cell because it?
determines what proteins are synthisized
DNA contains the _____?
genetic code
A nucleotide is made up of ______, _______, and ________.
Phosphate, suger, and nitrogen containing base
Pyrimidines are single-ringed nitrogen containing bases such as _____ and ______?
Thimine and Cytosine
Purines and double-ringed nitrogen containing bases such as ______ and ______?
Adanine and guanine
Griffit found that normally harmless bacteria changed and caused disease in mice when they were mixed with _____
heat killed harmful bacteria
Complementary base pairs are held together by ________?
hydrogen bonds
How do bases A, G, C, and T pair up in DNA?
AT and GC
A single-ringed pyrimidine always bonds to a _______?
double ringed purine
If DNA was compared with a twisted ladder the rungs of the ladder would be?
Nitrogen containing bases linked together
Semi-conservative replication means?
New DNA molecules have half the old
Name 3 enzymes believed to be in DNA replication?
1. Helicase
2. Polymerace
3. Ligase
Name the 5 carbon sugers in DNA?
Dioxide Ribose
How does DNA Replication ensure genetic accuracy?
Semi-conservative replication
What are 3 types of mutation?
1. Insertion
2. Deletions
3. Base pair substitutions
what joins adenine and thymine and Guanine and Cytosine _______
Hydrogen bonds
what are the uprights of the DNA ladder that do not attach to the nitrogen-containing bases?
phosphate
What are the rungs on the DNA ladder
Nitrogen bases
What is compared in a spiral stair case?
DNA
What has an anticodon?
tRNA
How many possible codons are there?
64
If a bacterial protein has 20 amino acids how many nucleotides are needed to coded for it
60
if the sequence of the bases in a section of DNA is ACG what is the mRNA.
UGC
The number of nucleotides in a condon is?
3
What is an anticodon?
3 nucleotides in transfer RNA
is the process of copying genetic information from DNA to RNA is?
Translation
How does RNA differ from DNA?
dont know
What is the phenotype of an organism?
physical appearence, structure, and behavior
A type of RNA that binds in a specific amino acid is called?
tRNA
The RNA that is a part of the ribosome is called the
rRNA
the process of converting the message of mRNA into the sequence of amino acids is called?
translation
Envolved first, dont require oxygen, completed in cytoplasm
Anaerobic pathways
Envolved later, requires oxygen, completed in the mitocondria
Aerobic pathways
Coenzymes become?
NADH and FADH2
begins with glycolysis, dont break down gluecose down completely to CO2 and water, the steps onlys serve to REGENERATE NAD+
Fermentation pathways
begins with glycolysis, dont break down gluecose down completely to CO2 and water, the steps onlys serve to REGENERATE NAD+
Fermentation pathways
Occurs in muscle cells causing muscle fatigue and soreness, occurs in bacteria
Lactate Fermentation
Occurs in muscle cells causing muscle fatigue and soreness, occurs in bacteria
Lactate Fermentation
Occurs in yeast, used in brewing and baking
Alcoholic Fermentation
Occurs in yeast, used in brewing and baking
Alcoholic Fermentation
Carried out by certain bacteria, in plasma membrane of bacteria, ATPO yield is low
Anaerobic electron transport
Carried out by certain bacteria, in plasma membrane of bacteria, ATPO yield is low
Anaerobic electron transport
can all be used as energy sources...
Carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids
Gluecose to 2 pyruvate
glycolosis
can all be used as energy sources...
Carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids
ATP, NADH, FADH2, CO2 and water forms
Kerbs cycle
Gluecose to 2 pyruvate
glycolosis
NAD+ regenerated
fermentation
ATP, NADH, FADH2, CO2 and water forms
Kerbs cycle
H + flow through ATP forms
ETP
NAD+ regenerated
fermentation
who proposed that DNA had a double helex form?
Watson and Clark
H + flow through ATP forms
ETP
what are made up of 20 amino acids and are structurally diverse?
proteins
who proposed that DNA had a double helex form?
Watson and Clark
rough strain was?
harmless
what are made up of 20 amino acids and are structurally diverse?
proteins
smooth strain?
pathogenic
rough strain was?
harmless
virus that infect bacteria, consist of protein and DNA, inject their hereditary material ino bacteria
Bacteriophages
smooth strain?
pathogenic
each Nucleotide in DNA consist of?
1. Deoxyribose, 2. phosphate group, 3. and a nitrogen containing base
virus that infect bacteria, consist of protein and DNA, inject their hereditary material ino bacteria
Bacteriophages
each Nucleotide in DNA consist of?
1. Deoxyribose, 2. phosphate group, 3. and a nitrogen containing base
Each nucleotide has 4 bases name them?
1. Adenine
2. Guanine
3. Thynine
4. Cytosine
what are double ringed nitrogen containing bases, adenine and guanine?
Purines
what spews out of my mouth when I smell your stench?
Barf
What does Dna contain?
Genetic code
DNA controls the life of a cell because it determines what?
proteins are synthesized
what are Single ringed nitrogen containing bases, cytosine and thymine?
Pyrimidines
DNA is 2 nucleotide strands held together by?
hydrogen bonds