Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Loss or damage of the superficial layer of skin as a result of a body part rubbing or scraping across a rough or hard surface.
An injury in which soft tissue either is torn completely loose or is hanging as a flap.
An injury in which the soft tissue receives more energy than it can absorb without injury, from thermal heat, frictional heat, toxic chemicals, electricity, or nuclear radiation.
Injury in which damage occurs beneath the skin or mucous membrane but the surface remains intact.
closed injury
An elevation of pressure within the fascial compartment, characterized by extreme pain, decreased pain sensation, pain on stretching of affected muscles, and decreased power; most frequently seen in fractures below the elbow or knee in children.
compartment syndrome
The presence of infectious organisms on or in objects such as dressings, water, food, needles, wounds, or a patient's body.
Bruising, or ecchymosis.
The inner layer of the skin, containing hair follicles, sweat glands, nerve endings, and blood vessels.
Bruising or discoloration associated with bleeding within or under the skin.
The outer layer of skin, which is made up of cells that are sealed together to form a watertight protective covering for the body.
The displacement of organs outside of the body.
A burn that affects all skin layers and may affect the subcutaneous layers, muscle, bone, and internal organs, leaving the area dry, leathery, and white, dark brown, or charred; traditionally called a third-degree burn.
full-thickness burn
The collection of blood in a space, tissue, or organ due to a break in the wall of a blood vessel.
A collection of blood in the pleural cavity.
A smooth or jagged open wound.
The lining of body cavities and passages that communicate directly or indirectly with the environment outside the body.
mucous membranes
Dressing made of Vaseline gauze, aluminum foil, or plastic that prevents air and liquids from entering or exiting a wound.
occlusive dressing
An injury in which there is a break in the surface of the skin or the mucous membrane, exposing deeper tissue to potential contamination.
open injury
A burn affecting the epidermis and some portion of the dermis but not the subcutaneous tissue, characterized by blisters and skin that is white to red, moist, and mottled; traditionally called a second-degree burn.
partial-thickness burn
An injury resulting from a sharp, pointed object.
penetrating wound
A partial or complete accumulation of air in the pleural space.
A system that assigns percentages to sections of the body, allowing calculation of the amount of skin surface involved in the burn area
Rule of Nines
A burn affecting only the epidermis, characterized by skin that is red but not blistered or actually burned through; traditionally called a first-degree burn.
superficial burn