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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
dementia
The slow onset of progressive disorientation, shortened attention span, and loss of cognitive function.
arteriosclerosis
A disease that is characterized by hardening, thickening, and calcification of the arterial walls.
atherosclerosis
A disorder in which cholesterol and calcium build up inside the walls of blood vessels, eventually leading to partial or complete blockage of blood flow.
elastin
A protein found in elastic tissues such as skin and artery walls.
collagen
A protein that is the chief component of connective tissues and bones.
compensated shock
The early stage of shock, in which the body can still compensate for blood loss.
The late stage of shock when blood pressure is falling.
decompensated shock
vasoconstriction
Narrowing of a blood vessel.
A change in mental status marked by the inability to focus, think logically, and maintain attention.
delirium
kyphosis
A forward curling of the back caused by an abnormal increase in the curvature of the spine.
aneurysm
A swelling or enlargement of a part of an artery, resulting from weakening of the arterial wall.
dyspnea
Difficulty breathing.
cataracts
Clouding of the lens of the eye or its surrounding transparent membranes.
elder abuse
Any action on the part of an older person''s family member, caregiver, or other associated person that takes advantage of the older individual''s person, property, or emotional state; also called granny beating and parent battering.
advance directives
Written documentation that specifies medical treatment for a competent patient should the patient become unable to make decisions; also called living wills.
hypoxia
A dangerous condition in which the body tissues and cells do not have enough oxygen.
vasodilation
The widening of a blood vessel.
abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)
A condition in which the walls of the aorta in the abdomen weaken and blood leaks into the layers of the vessel, causing it to bulge.
osteoporosis
A generalized bone disease, commonly associated with postmenopausal women, in which there is a reduction in the amount of bone mass leading to fractures after minimal trauma in either sex.
syncope
Fainting spell or transient loss of consciousness.