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34 Cards in this Set

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The process by which medications travel through body tissues until they reach the bloodstream.
absorption
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body.
action
An oral medication that binds and adsorbs ingested toxins in the gastrointestinal tract, for treatment of some poisonings and medication overdoses. Charcoal ground into a very fine powder that provides the greatest possible surface area for binding medica
activated charcoal
To bind or stick to a surface.
adsorption
Situations in which a medication should not be given because it would not help or may actually harm a patient.
contraindication
The amount of medication given on the basis of the patient's size and age.
dose
A substance produced by the body (commonly called adrenaline), and a drug produced by pharmaceutical companies that increases pulse rate and blood pressure; the drug of choice for an anaphylactic reaction.
epinephrine
A semi-liquid substance that is administered orally through capsules or plastic tubes.
gel
The original chemical name of a medication (in contrast to one of its "trade names"); not capitalized.
generic name
Abnormally low glucose level in the blood.
hypoglycemia
A therapeutic use for a specific medication.
indication
The active, muscular part of breathing that draws air into the airway and lungs.
inhalation
Injection into a muscle; a medication delivery route.
intramuscular (IM) injection
Into the bone; a medication delivery route.
intraosseous (IO)
Injection directly into a vein; a medication delivery route.
intravenous (IV) injection
A miniature spray canister through which droplets or particles of medication may be inhaled.
metered-dose inhaler (MDI)
Medication that increases cardiac perfusion by blood flow by causing arteries to dilate; the EMT-B may be allowed to help the patient self-administer the medication.
nitroglycerin
By mouth; a medication delivery route.
oral
A simple sugar that is readily absorbed by the bloodstream; it is carried on the EMS unit.
oral glucose
Medications that may be purchased directly by a patient without a prescription.
over-the-counter (OTC) medications
Through the mouth; a medication delivery route; same as oral.
per os (PO)
Through the rectum; a medication delivery route.
per rectum (PR)
The study of the properties and effects of medications.
pharmacology
Medications that are distributed to patients only by pharmacists according to a physician's order.
prescription medications
Any effects of a medication other than the desired ones.
side effects
A liquid mixture that cannot be separated by filtering or allowing the mixture to stand.
solution
Injection into the tissue between the skin and muscle; a medication delivery route.
subcutaneous (SC) injection
Under the tongue; a medication delivery route.
sublingual (SL)
A mixture of ground particles that are distributed evenly throughout a liquid but do not dissolve.
suspension
Lotions, creams, and ointments that are applied to the surface of the skin and affect only that area; a medication delivery route.
topical medications
The brand name that a manufacturer gives a medication; capitalized.
trade name
Through the skin; a medication delivery route.
transcutaneous
Medications that are designed to be absorbed through the skin (transcutaneously).
transdermal medications
A gas that all cells need in order to metabolize; the heart and brain, especially, cannot function without it.
oxygen