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6 Cards in this Set

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Who is W.E.B. DuBois?
the first African American to receive a doctorate at Harvard; believed that education was meaningless without equality; supported political equality for African Americans by helping to form the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People)
What is the Supreme Court case "Plessy vs. Ferguson"?
Supreme Court ruled that "separate but equal" did not violate the 14th amendment, thus upholding the Jim Crow laws of the era
What is the Progressive Movement?
it used government to reform problems created by industrialization; aimed to return control of the government to the people, restore economic opportunities, and correct injustices in American life
What were the progressive reforms at the city government level?
council-manager type of government where a manager would run each of the city's departments; city councils were replaced with commissions
What were the progressive accomplishments at the state government level?
a movement to protect workers and end child labor; limited working hours to 10 hours per day for men and women; reformed electionsby adopting the referendum, the initiative, and the recall
Define initiative, referendum, and recall
initiative - a bill originated by the people rather than lawmakers, that could be placed on the ballot through petition.
referendum - a vote on the initiative, where the voters, not the lawmakers, accepted or rejected the initiative.
recall - enabled voters to remove public officials from elected positions by forcing them to face another election before the end of their term, if the voters asked for it