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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Seizure that may be characterized by a brief lapse of attention in which the patient may stare and does not respond. Also known as petit mal seizure.
absence seizure
The inability to understand or produce speech.
Rupture of a cerebral artery that may contribute to interruption of cerebral blood flow.
arterial rupture
A disease that is characterized by hardening, thickening, and calcification of the arterial walls.
Obstruction of a cerebral artery caused by a clot that was formed elsewhere in the body and traveled to the brain.
cerebral embolism
An interruption of blood flow to the brain that results in the loss of brain function.
cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
The inability to pronounce speech clearly, often due to loss of the nerves or brain cells that control the small muscles in the larynx.
Convulsions that result from sudden high fevers, particularly in children.
febrile seizures
Seizure characterized by severe twitching of all the body's muscles that may last several minutes or more; also known as a grand mal seizure.
generalized seizure
Weakness on one side of the body.
One of the two main types of stroke; occurs as a result of bleeding inside the brain.
hemorrhagic stroke
Abnormally low glucose level in the blood.
Loss of bowel and bladder control due to a generalized seizure.
Cells in the brain that die as a result of loss of blood flow to the brain.
infarcted cells
Cells in the brain that receive enough blood after a cerebrovascular accident to stay alive but not to function properly.
ischemic cells
One of the two main types of stroke; occurs when blood flow to a particular part of the brain is cut off by a blockage (eg, a clot) inside a blood vessel.
ischemic stroke
Period following a seizure that lasts between 5 and 30 minutes, characterized by labored respirations and some degree of altered mental status.
postictal state
Generalized, uncoordinated muscular activity associated with loss of consciousness; a convulsion.
The term used to describe a continuous seizure, or multiple seizures without a return to consciousness, for 30 minutes or more.
status epilepticus
A loss of brain function in certain brain cells that do not get enough oxygen during a CVA. Usually caused by obstruction of the blood vessels in the brain that feed oxygen to those brain cells.
Clotting of the cerebral arteries that may result in the interruption of cerebral blood flow and subsequent stroke.
A disorder of the brain in which brain cells temporarily stop working because of insufficient oxygen, causing stroke-like symptoms that resolve completely within 24 hours of onset.
transient ischemic attack (TIA)