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45 Cards in this Set

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hidden
crypt/o
pertaining to
-ile
few, little
olig/o
testes
orch/o
development
-trophy
Scrotum to anus
Perineum
Encloses, protects and supports testicles
Scrotum
Produce sperm

Seminiferous tubules: coiled tubules that produce sperm
Testicles
Male sex organ

Glans penis = tip

Prepuce = foreskin
Penis
tube that connects from testicle to vas deferens

Stores sperm
Epididymis
Lead from epididymis to ejaculatory duct in prostate gland; stores sperm
Vas Deferens
Provides nourishment for sperm cells
Seminal Vesicles
Located on each side of prostate gland

Provides lubrication; neutralizes acidity of urine
Bulbourethral glands
Passes through penis to outside of body
Urethra
Surrounds upper end of urethra
Produces prostatic fluid which makes up some of semen volume
Prostate Gland
Causes testes to enlarge during puberty
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Produces testosterone
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Enlargement of external genitalia

Development of large muscles

Deepening of voice

Growth of body hair

Developmental of sexual drive
testosterone
Failure of testes to descend into scrotal sac prior to birth

Causes oligospermia or infertility

Orchiopexy before 2 yoa to correct
Cryptorchidism
Scrotal swelling caused by collection of fluid

~1/10 infants have one that goes away without treatment; occurring in older men due to injury or inflammation

Typically not painful or harmful
Hydrocele
Testes produces less than normal amount of sperm

Caused by hormone imbalance or undescended testicle

Correct underlying cause
Oligospermia
Infection of testes

Caused by mumps, bacteria or trauma
Orchitis
Infection of epididymis

Caused by UTI or STD

Treated with antibiotics
Epididymitis
Enlarged veins in spermatic cord
- Usually occurs in left testicle

Higher risk at 15-25 yoa

Usually no symptoms

Can cause infertility

Managed with jockstraps
Varicocele
Enlargement of prostate gland, interferes w/ urinary function by squeezing the urethra inhibiting complete voiding

Inability to empty bladder may cause cystitis and nephritis

TURP may be required for treatment
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
2nd most common form in men; 3rd leading to death

Rarely found in men < 50 yoa

Symptoms:
- Difficulty starting/stopping urinary stream
- Dysuria
- Frequency
- Hematuria
Prostate Cancer
Inflammation of glans penis/foreskin

Assoc w/ phimosis
Balanitis
Painful intercourse or pain afterwards

Caused by penile or prostatic infection, chordee (downward curvature of penis during erection) or phimosis
Dyspareunia
Opening of foreskin is narrow

Foreskin can’t be retracted to expose glans penis
Phimosis
Continuous erection accompanied by pain

Side effect of drugs, spinal cord injury
Priapism
Most prevalent and damaging SDT

Leading cause of PID

Gram negative bacteria invade urethra of men and vagina/cervix of women

Can be asymptomatic in women and cause infertility if left untreated (antibiotics)

Male Symptoms: burning, itching, watery discharge from urethra, dyspareunia

Antibiotic treatment
Chlamydia
Infection of skin and mucosa of genitals

Caused by virus, no cure

Red blister-like sores appear

1-5/6 adults have

One episode or repeated attacks that lesson in severity

Some people have no visible symptoms but can transmit to partner through skin shedding
Genital herpes
Contagious inflammation of genital tract mucous membranes; caused by berry-shaped bacterium

Men have painful urination, thick yellow urethral discharge, some asymptomatic

Women may carry asymptomatically; greenish-yellow discharge
- Both partners must be treated with antibiotics

Can affect eyes of newborn

If untreated, will inflame joints
Gonorrhea
Genital warts externally or internally
- May be single or in groups
- May be smooth or cauliflower appearance

Increase risk of cervical cancer

Topical treatments or cyrosurgery, cautery or laser to remove warts
Human papilloma virus (HPV)
Caused by retrovirus HIV

Infects T-helper cells of
immune system

Symptoms: night sweats, fever, weight loss, fatigue

Opportunistic infections common

No cure, but treatment can slow progression of disease
AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome)
Chronic infectious disease caused by bacterium; can affect any organ of body

Chancre appears on external genitalia 10 days – 3 months after infection (remains contagious)

Occurs in 4 stages:
- If left untreated, blindness, insanity and death can occur

Treated with penicillin
Syphilis
Blood test which measures level of antigen in blood

Elevated results may indicate presence of prostate cancer
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
Physician feels for size/shape of prostate gland through rectal wall by inserting finger

Used to screen for BHP and prostate cancer (>10)
Digital rectal exam (DRE)
Performed monthly to detect early signs of cancer
Testicular self-examination (TSE)
Surgical fixation to bring undescended testicles into scrotum
Orchidopexy/orchiopexy
Partial excision of vas deferens bilaterally resulting in sterilization (sperm are not released with semen)
Vasectomy
Surgical removal of all/part of foreskin
Circumcision
Surgical removal of one/both testicles
Orchiectomy
Reduces size of prostate gland
Resectoscope inserted through urethra to cauterize pieces of prostate/stop bleeding
TURP (Transurethral resection of the prostate)
Procedure to restore fertility to male who has had a vasectomy
Vasovasostomy