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115 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What makes up the musculoskeletal system?
muscles, joints, and bones
What are joints?
where 2 bones join together
What is articulations?
medical word for joints
What are the 2 main types of joints?
suture and synovial
What is a suture joint?
joints that dont move; found in the skull
What is a synovial joint?
moveable joints
What are 2 types of synovial joints?
ball & socket and hinge
What is a bursa?
a sac of fluid
What is synovial membrane?
found inside the bursa
What i synovial fluid?
found inside bursa
What is the meniscus?
found in the knee
What are the 5 functions of bones?
1.) framework/support
2.) protection
3.) storage (minerals)
4.) make blood
5.) movement
What is the periosteum?
outer layer of bone
What is epiphysis?
ends of the bone
What is the diaphysis?
shaft of the bone
What is the function of bone marrow?
to make blood
What is a foramen?
an opening in the bone
zygomatic
cheek bone
maxillary
upper jawbone
mandible
lower jawbone
ribs/costals
true 1-7, flase 8-10, floating 11 & 12
sternum
breast bone
manubrium
top of breastbone
xiphoid
bottom of breastbone
clavicle
collarbone
scapula
shoulder blade
acromion
tip of shoulder
humerus
upper arm bone
radius
thumb side
olecranon
elbow
carpals
wrist bone
metacarpals
hand bones
phalanges
finger bones
What are the 3 types of bones in the finger?
distal - farthest
medial - middle
proximal - nearest hand
acetabulum
hip socket
femur
upper leg bone
trochanter
knob at top of femur
patella
knee cap
popliteal
back of knee
tibia
large lower leg bone
fibula
small lower leg bone
tarsals
bones of the ankle
malleolus
knobs on ankle
calcaneal
heel
metatarsals
bones of feet
lamina
part of vertebrae
What are the 3 bones of the pelvis?
ilium, ischium, pubis
process
knobs, projections
depression
hole
arthroplasty
joint replacements
fracture
broken bone
closed/simple
bone breaks but stays in skin
open/compound
bone goes through skin
comminuted
bone shatters
impacted
one bone shoves into another
greenstick
one side bends
hairline
not a total fracture
pathological
fractures caused by disease
Colles
wrist fracture on the radius side
reduction
treatment of fracture
closed reduction
no surgery
open reduction
surgery
What are the two types of open reduction?
internal fixation and external fixation
internal fixation
hardware to keep bones together
external fixation
hardware plus rod outside to skin
IM
intramuscular
AE
above elbow
AK
above knee
BE
below elbow
BK
below knee
C
cervical
Fx
fracture
HNP
herniated disc
L
lumbar
RA
rheumatoid arthritis
T
thorasic
osteoporosis
porous bone
scoliosis
crooked back
kyphosis
hump back
lordosis
sway back
spinal bifida
vertebral column didn't close up
rheumatoid arthritis
inflammation of joints
osteoarthritis
inflammation of joints and bones
gout
too much uric acid crystalizes in joint
Ewing's sarcoma
bone cancer
carpal tunnel syndrome
nerve in wrist is pinched
ergonomics
making the workplace better
ex.) furniture, breaks, keyboard
crepitation
grinding noise from worn cartilage
electromyography (EMG)
process of recording muscle with electricity
sprain
damage
strain
over use of muscles
talipes
foot deformities
What are the 3 types of muscles?
1.) striated/skeletal
2.) smooth/visceral
3.) cardiac
striated/skeletal
voluntary
smooth/visceral
involuntary
cardiac
involuntary - looks like skeletal, acts like smooth
fascia
covering on muscle
tendon
attaches bone to muscle
ligaments
attaches bone to bone
aponeurosis
large tendon
flexor
helps bend
extensor
helps straighten
pectoral
in chest
rectus
straight up and down
oblique
at an angle
transverse
across
sphincter
ring of muscles
biceps
2 parts
triceps
3 parts
quadriceps
4 parts
maximus
large
minimus
small
deltoid
triangular
levator
found in mouth, helps you smile
depressor
found in mouth, draws it down