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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Cottage industry
Industry in which the production of goods takes place at the home of the producer.
James Hargreaves
British inventor of the spinning jenny. He patented his device in 1770.
Richard Arkwright
British inventor and manufacturer who patented a machine for spinning cotton thread (1769).
Samuel Crompton
His spinning mule permitted large-scale manufacture of high-quality thread and yarn.
Edmund Cartwright
British cleric and inventor of the power loom (1785–1790).
Thomas Newcomen
English inventor of an early atmospheric steam engine (c.1711).
James Watt
His improvements on the steam engine helped advance the Industrial Revolution.
Henry Cort
In 1783 he obtained a patent for producing iron bars quickly and economically in a rolling mill with grooved rolls.
Richard Trevithick
British inventor of the first steam locomotive.
George Stephenson
British railway pioneer who built a practical steam locomotive (1814) and the first passenger railway (1825).
Began as a movement to revitalize the Church of England and did not break with the church until 1795.
Crystal Palace
Giant glass-and-iron exhibition hall in Hyde Park, London, that housed the Great Exhibition of 1851.
Friedrich List
Founder of a group of German industrialists that favored abolishing tariff barriers between the German states.
Samuel Slater
He oversaw construction of the nation's first successful water-powered cotton mill (1790–1793).
Great Famine
Was due to the appearance of "the Blight" – the potato fungus that destroyed the primary food source for the majority population.
Edwin Chadwick
The principal architect of the Sanitary Reform movement in Britain in the nineteenth century.
Factory Act of 1833
Acts passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom to limit the number of hours worked by women and children.
Combination Acts
British acts of 1799 and 1800 that outlawed trade unions.
Robert Owen
Welsh-born British manufacturer who attempted to establish a cooperative community at New Harmony in Indiana (1825–1828).
British workers who destroyed laborsaving textile machinery in the belief that such machinery would diminish employment.
British working-class movement for parliamentary reform. It was named after the People's Charter.