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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Palmer Raids
-Palmer and Hoover
-Hunted down suspected Communists, socialist, and anarchists, and invaded homes, jailing ppl w/o evidence
-Ppl were scared that communists were going to overthrow the gov., like in Russia
-During the Red Scare, lead to horrible persecutions like Sacco and Vanzetti, example of how rights could be thrown out the window when something threatened the gov.
Quota System
-established the maximum number of people who could enter the United States from each foreign country. "Emergency Quota Act", 2% of immigrants could enter
-Goal=cut sharply European immigration to US
-Did achieve, many ppl no allowed to enter (on purpose) b/c it used a census from much earlier, some groups had no one in US b/c of this
Coal Miner's Strike
-John Lewis, miners
-the United Mine Workers of America, put on a strike, but did not have to strike because the miners got a 27% wage increase
-Wanted higher wages and shorter work days
-An example of a successful strike w/o actual striking
Automobile Impact
-Ford, others
-Ford payed workers well, cars when from taking 4 hours to make to 1/2, #1 US industry (80% in US), assembly lines invented
-Early 1900s
-People wanted an easier way to get into the cities
-Lead to urban sprawl, gas sales, highways, encourages movement and freedom, builds Route 66
Changes in Advertising
-Change from simply informative, to promoting an image, psychologists were hired just to study how appeal works
-1910s and on
-A shift occured, and people wanted to buy things based off image
-Lead to modern day advirtising (where it is virtually everywhere)
Buying Goods on Credit
-People began to buy stuff with little or no money down under installment plans
-Early 1900s
-People wanted to buy things the couldn't intially afford
-Lead to massice debts (personal and large scale), because ppl bought stuff they could never afford
-By mostly women, gangsters get involved
-A banning on the sale, manufaction and transportation of alcohol, speakesis were formed, Al Cappone and followers sold it and made $$ in organized crime, made ppl pay them so they wouldn't kill them
-Seen as immoral, and thought to lead to bad events such as violence and crime
-Repealed after 14 years, crime spread out to gambeling and prostitution
Scopes Trial
-John Scope and William J Bryan, Clarrence Darrow
-Scope taught evolution in his classroom and was arrested. Became a media frenzy, with Darrow as his lawyer
-Dayton, Tenn, an evangelical town proud of their beliefs
-Teaching of evolution was outlawed in states
-Scopes was found guilty, but only fined $100, and it brings a negative live to fundalmentalist Christians
-Mostly women
-A group of young, well-educated women crusading for women's, Women did activities that were considering risque right's, also defyed the double standard
-They wanted to be free from the "cult of domesticity" that they were constrained to
-Women made a stand, and lead to a new view of teenagers being in between kid and adult
Radio Age
-Listens and producers
-Changed from warnings and communication to commercials and programs, majority of US listened in
-Gave people extracuricular activities besides work and family
-Major impact on news, advirtising, mass media (by connecting ppl)
-Marcus Garvey
-Universal Negro Improvement Association, big supports of the back to Africa movement
-He felt white ppl would never accept A-A's, so he wanted A-A's to create their own society in Africa
-A new outlook on A-A position, more than a million followers
Harlem Renaissance
-McKay, Hughes, Robeson, Armstrong, Ellington, Smith,
-An cultural awakening in Harlem for African Americans, new movements in Poetry (McKay), jazz and poems (Hughes), actors (Robeson), trumpet player (Armstrong), jazz pianist (Ellington), and singer (Smith)
-Harlem, NY
-A-As wanted to connect to each, and be known for other things other than their race
-Many influenticial and talented A-As emmerged during this time
Specuation/buying on the margin
-Purchasing stocks for as itte as 5% down, banks loaned $ to stock brockers to facilitate buying,
-People thought Overspeculation= investors gambled prices would rise, artificial rises fueled by this
-An immediate cause of the 1929 crash and the GD
Black Tuesday
-Consumers, all Americans
-Everyone tried to sell their stocks at the same time, and in a few weeks fortunes were ruined
-Because of overspeculation, the stocks were not worth as much as ppl had paid for them
-Direct cause of the Depression
Causes of the Great Depression
-1.Uneven income distribution=wealth concentrated in a few ppl, low wages for workers, 1/2 ppl below poverty line 2.Weak industries=once only now challeneged, cotton by synthetics, RR by automobiles, food prices low 3.Overproduction=left in storage never sold, prices wend down 4.Unstable banking= mismangament and overspeculation, $ not in reliable investments, no $ to pay back lones 5.Weak Internatioal=high tariffs,
-The stock market crashed
-These lead to the Depression
Dust Bowl
-Ecological and human disaster, millions of acres became useless and covered in dust, great clouds of dust
-Overproduction of land and years of drought and high winds
-hundreds of thousands forced to leave their homes, lead to better farming to avoid future dust bowls
Effects of Depression on Children
-Children suffereded from poor diets, lack of $ for health care, school shortened child-welfare programs sacrificed
-From the the Depression
-Closed gap between child and adult with teenagers, who were looking for a way out of the suffereing
Social and Psychological Effects of Depression
-3x as many ppl admitted into mental hospitals, suicide right went up, stigma of poverty
-Ppl were demoralized by loss of jobs and money
-Many commited suicide, showed how many ppl were affected and how horrible it was
The Hundred Days
-Many reforms (CCC, AAA, ect.) all having to do with either relief, recovery, or reform. 15 proposed to Congress and all accepted
-He wanted to accomplish alot in his first 100 days and get America out of the Depression and prevent similar events from every happening
-His reforms had a lot of support, and most worked very well and gave many ppl jobs and relief
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
-Young men, by FDR
-Young men from 18-25 were employed to build roads, plant trees, make parks, and do other conservational improvements
-To provide recovery and jobs for ppl who were out of work, and to better the envirnment
-Provided 3 million men with jobs, and improved environment at the same time, successful
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
-Raised crop prices by lowering production, gave ppl $ to destory crops
-USA (farms)
-To recover the crop prices and pump more $ into the system
-Angered some ppl because they were destroying food when so many were hungry, but over all successful
Court Packing Bill
-FDR tries to make a retiring age (70) for the Justices, but failed
-The Justices were challenging his plans, and thought he might turn into a dictator
-An example of how FDR went too far in one of his plans
New Deal Coalition
-One of his greatest achievements, an alignment of diverse groups dedicated to supporing the Democratic Party. Southerm whites, urban groups, A-As, industrial workers
-FDR wanted to gain support from all different groups as opposed to one
-Worked very well, and dominated the elections
1936 Election
-Won election by a landslide from support of Democratic party
-The New Deal Coalition worked in his favor bc he had so much diversity on his side