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58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
virus structure
inner core of a nucleic acid/capsid./reverse trabscriptase
capsid
viral envelope made of protein
virus
nonliving particles that dont carry out respiration,grow or develop
host cell
cell in which a virus replicates
virus that infects a bacterium
bacteriaphage
lytic cycle
how viruses reproduce
lysogenic cycle
replication cycle in which the virus's nucleic acid is integrated into the host cell's chromosomes
provirus
viral DNA that's integrated into the host cell's chromosome
edward ginner
1st real vaccination
ex of retrovirus
hiv and aids
sphere
coccuus or cocci
rods
bacillus or bacilli
spiral
spirilium
arrangement
alone/clusters/chains
diplo
2 pairs
staphylo
clusters
strepto
chains
monerans
cell walls/plasma membranes/different reactions to antibiotics/t-rna and m-rna are different
archaebacteria
oxygen-free enviroment/lives in swamps and cow stomachs/loves salt/hot acidic stuff
eubacteria
heterotroph/photosynthetic autotroph/chemosynthetic autotroph
heterotroph
saprobe/parasite
photosynthetic autotroph
cyanobacteria
chemosynthetic autotroph
breakdown of inorganic substances
gram +
purple
gram -
red
obligate aerobes
absolutely cant live without oxygen
obligate anaerobes
killed by the presence of o2
endospore
tiny structure that contains a bacterium's DNA and a small amount of its cytoplasm that resists drying out/temperature extremes/harsh chemicals
toxin
powerful and deadly poison
best defense
body making antibodies
asexual reproduction where a substance copies itself and then divides in two
binary fussion
conjugation
sexual reproduction where bacterium transfers all/part of its chromosomes to another cell
conjugation
has a chance of evolution
nitrogen fixation
80% of atmosphere/needed to produce proteins/cant use it as free nitrogen
nitrogen fixation
nitrogen fixing bacteria
recycle nutrients
decompisition
food
wine and cheese
nitrogen
medicine
1928 alexander fleming
discovered penicillin as a antibiotic
kingdom protista
most diverse
k. protista
more complex than monerans, animal-like/plant-like/fungus-like/all eukaryotes/ all sizes
animal-like protists
protozoa/unicellular heterotrophs/placed in phyla by the way they move
phylum rizopoda
amoebas
no cell wall after cell membrane/move by pseudopodia/contractile vacuole/asexual reproduction/cyst
phylum rizopoda
phylum zoomastigina
flagellates
move by flagella
flagellates
phylum ciliophora
cilates
ciliates
most advanced/move by the beating of cilia/found in all water
phylum sporozoa
sporozoans
parasitic/non-mobile protozoans/all produce spores/lives in a host cell
sporozoans
a reproductive cell that can produce a new organism without fertilization
spore
plant-like protists
algae
algae/no roots,stems,leaves/have chlorophyll/phytoplankton/euglena
plant-like
red tide
type of algae/dinoflagellate/toxin
brown algae
seaweed
green algae
7000 species/most diverse
fungus-like protists
slime mold
all obtain energy by decomposing organic stuff/slime mold
fungus-like